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Early%20Childhood%20Studies

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Early Childhood Studies Intellectual (Cognitive) Development What is Intellectual development? A mental process which we acquire knowledge. Intellectual development ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Early%20Childhood%20Studies


1
Early Childhood Studies
  • Intellectual (Cognitive) Development

2
What is Intellectual development?
  • A mental process which we acquire knowledge.
  • Intellectual development involves a child's
    thinking. Children learn to think by undertaking
    challenging tasks. Reasoning their way through
    different tasks helps children learn.
  • Now
  • Lets discuss how you as a individual gain
    knowledge?
  • List out all types of learning process you and
    your fellow peers adopt to learn about something
    (5 mins activity).

3
Some ways of acquiring knowledge is by.
  • Thinking and reasoning ability
  • Abilities in language and reading
  • Memory or route learning
  • Innate intelligence
  • How do you think children learn?

4
Children Learning Process
  • When a child is born, he/she comes with a brain
    ready and eager to learn.
  • The brain is very much like a new computer. It
    has great potential for development, depending on
    what we put into it.
  • Early experiences greatly influence the way a
    person develops. Everyone who works with children
    has an awesome responsibility for the future of
    those children.
  • No need to copy this down!

5
Contd
  • The activities you do with them from birth to age
    10 will determine how their learning patterns
    develop.
  • As children interact with their environment, they
    learn problem solving skills, critical thinking
    skills, and language skills.
  • Alice and George are painting. Each of them has
    a jar of blue paint and a jar of yellow paint.
    Suddenly George yells, "Look, Alice, I made
    green!" "How did you do it?" asks Alice. "I put
    yellow paint on top of my blue paint - yellow and
    blue put together make green!" yells George.
    Other children gather around to watch and ask for
    a turn.
  • An example of discovery learning or hands-on
    learning.

6
Activate your thinking cap!!
  • You want to learn how to play softball so that
    you can join a team. How will you learn to play?
  • Will you
  • 1. Buy a book and read about how to play
    softball.
  • 2. Watch a video about softball.
  • 3. Ask a friend who plays to grab a ball, bat,
    and glove and teach you.
  • AnswerWhich way will help you learn the game the
    best? Choice 3 is the best way for most people
    because they actually get to try the game and
    learn the rules as they play.

7
Styles of children learning process
  • Imitation-Following others actions and follow
    what others do (family).
  • Observation-Watch and learn-Albert Bandura theory
  • Trial and error-Learning from mistakes.
  • Discovery Learning- Novelty experiences.

8
Group Work
  • 4 to 5 people to a group
  • Group A-List all the intellectual development of
    a child from 0 to 1 year old.
  • Group B-List the development from 1 to 2 years
    old.
  • Group C-List the developments from 2 to 3 years
    old.

9
How do children develop intellectually?
  • 0 to 1-A child develops at their own unique pace.
    Become more mobile and improve their ability to
    manipulate objects.
  • newborn's uncoordinated movements and fisted
    hands will gradually develop into smoother
    motions.
  • signs of independence
  • attempting to feed themselves, begin to respond
    to name by turning and looking when you
    call-making babbling sounds

10
Contd
  • 1 to 2 years old-learning to talk, although they
    understand more than they can say, get a real
    sense of their personality and temperament.
  • a new level of self-awareness and begin calling
    themselves by name, recognizing in family photos
    and identifying parts of the body.
  • fine motor tasks such as puzzles, taking lids off
    jars, using a fork and building bigger and better
    towers.
  • Language is also exploding at this time.

11
Contd
  • 2 to 3 years old-becoming a preschooler, and at
    this stage their mental abilities are growing
    quickly.
  • practising many self-help skills during the day,
    such as undressing, feeding, starting to toilet
    train .
  • can communicate feelings, desires and interests
    using words, gestures and even two- to three-word
    sentences.
  • cope better with her emotions resulting from
    frustrations and separations

12
To learn more about children development and how
they see the world watch Childs World on ABC
channel every Wednesday at 8.30pm
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