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Introduction to poetry

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Introduction to poetry Part 2 In a poem the words should be as pleasing to the ear as the meaning is to the mind. -- Marianne Moore Let s start with a quick ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Introduction to poetry


1
Introduction to poetry
Part 2
In a poem the words should be as pleasing to the
ear as the meaning is to the mind. -- Marianne
Moore
2
Lets start with a quick review
  • Brain is divided into 2 parts
  • Each half has its own function

Right brain creative
Left brain logical
  • Poetry can be appreciated by both halves.
  • Left brain can focus on devices.
  • Right brain can play with creative expression.

3
So far weve discussed the following sound
devices
Rhyme the repetition of sounds
Rhythm the beat
Meter the length of a line of poetry
Alliteration the repetition of the initial sound
in two or more words in a line
Consonance the repetition of a consonant sound
two or more times in a line
Assonance the repetition of a vowel sound two or
more times in a line
Onomatopoeia words that spell out sounds
Repetition using the same key word or phrase
throughout a poem
Refrain the repetition of one or more phrases or
lines at the end of each stanza
4
Although the left brain can appreciate the
definitions and identification of the next
category of devices, they will primarily appeal
to
The Right Brain
5
So without further ado . . .
I give you
the meaning devices
6
Simile
A comparison between two usually unrelated things
using the word like or as.
Example Joe is as hungry as a bear. In the
morning Rae is like an angry lion.
7
Lets see what this looks like in a poem we have
never seen before in our lives.
simile
Ars Poetica by Archibald MacLeish A poem should
be palpable and mute As a globed fruit, Dumb As
old medallions to the thumb, Silent as the
sleeve-worn stone Of casement ledges where the
moss has grown A poem should be wordless As
the flight of birds.
simile
simile
simile
8
Metaphor
An implied comparison between two usually
unrelated things.
Example Lenny is a snake. Ginny is a mouse
when it comes to standing up for herself.
The difference between a simile and a metaphor is
while a simile requires either like or as to
be included in the comparison, a metaphor
requires that neither be used.
9
When it comes to using a metaphor device in
poetry, a poet can either make the entire poem a
metaphor for something, or put little metaphors
throughout the poem. The following poem is one
big metaphor.
The poet says a heart is a lump of coal that
changes into a diamond because of the pain it has
gone through in life.
The title tells the reader what is being compared
Metamorphosis of a Heart
Coal hard and cold buried deep in the dark
ground compressed by fears and tears
Pain with its vice-grips holds the lump in bony
fingers until a diamond appears
10
Conceit
An extremely exaggerated simile.
11
Hyperbole
An exaggeration for the sake of emphasis.
12
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13
Symbol
A word or image that signifies something other
than what is literally represented.
14
Lets see what this looks like in a poem we are
familiar with.
We already know this is about a heart
Coal and diamonds are symbols for the heart
15
Personification
Giving human characteristics to inanimate
objects, ideas, or animals.
16
Lets see what this looks like in a poem we are
familiar with.
personification
17
Imagery
Using words to create a picture in the readers
mind.
The image of a bony hand holding the coal tightly
can be seen in the readers mind..
Pain with its vice-grips holds the lump in bony
fingers until a diamond appears
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