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ENG 2DI

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Title: ENG 2DI


1
  • ENG 2DI

2
Characteristics of a hero
Brave
High values
Strong leader
Honest
Courageous
Trustworthy
Good communicator
Motivated
Extraordinary Talent
Inspirational
Confident
Strength
Hopeful
Responsible to others
Adventurous
Positive
Intelligent
Good Role Model
3
Who are your heroes?
Defining a personal hero is a bit like allowing
our diaries to be published. Through our choice
of heroes, we spell volumes about ourselves. We
reveal our individual values and comment on those
we perceive to be lacking in the world around us.
Our heroes represent the best of ourselves, yet
being human and therefore flawed, they also allow
us to accept our limitations.
4
Who are your heroes?
Hatred paralyzes life love releases it. Hatred
confuses life love harmonizes it. Hatred
darkens life love illuminates it.
Martin Luther King Jr.
5
Who are your heroes?
"Yesterday is gone. Tomorrow has not yet come. We
have only today. Let us begin."
Mother Teresa
6
Who are your heroes?
Houston, Tranquility Base here. The eagle has
landed. Thats one small step for a man, one
giant leap for mankind.
Neil Armstrong, Upon landing on the Moon, July
20, 1969
7
Who are your heroes?
I'm here to fight for truth, and justice, and the
American way. 
Superman Written by Joe Shuster Jerry
Siegel
8
Who are your heroes?
"Firemen are going to get killed. When they join
the department they face that fact. When a man
becomes a fireman his greatest act of bravery
has been accomplished. What he does after that
is all in the line of duty. They were not
thinking of getting killed when they went where
death lurked. They went there to put the fire
out, and got killed. Firefighters do not regard
themselves as heroes because they do what the
business requires."
Edward Croker Source Chief, FDNY 1899-1911
9
Who are your heroes?
Uncle
Father
Mother
Grandparents
Aunt
Friends
10
Who are your heroes?
I have missed more than 9000 shots in my career.
I have lost almost 300 games. On 26 occasions I
have been entrusted to take the game winning
shot . . . and missed. And I have failed over
and over and over again in my life. And that is
why . . . I succeed.
Michael Jordan
11
Who are your heroes?
I have learned over the years that when one's
mind is made up, this diminishes fear
knowing what must be done does away with fear.
Rosa Parks
12
Who are your heroes?
Even if I don't finish, we need others to
continue. It's got to keep going without me.
Terry Fox
13
In Literature, what is a hero?
1. A person noted for feats of courage or
nobility of purpose, especially one who has
risked or sacrificed his or her life.
14
2. In mythology and legend, a hero is a man,
often of divine ancestry, who is endowed with
great courage and strength, celebrated for his
bold exploits, and favoured by the gods.
15
3. The principal male character in a novel, poem,
or dramatic presentation.
16
Heroines
  • A woman noted for courage and daring action.
  • A woman noted for special achievement in a
  • particular field.
  • The principal female character in a novel, poem,
  • or dramatic presentation.

Many writers now consider hero, long restricted
to men in the sense "a person noted for
courageous action," to be a gender-neutral term.
It is used to refer to admired women as well as
men in respected publications.
17
The Hero Archetype
What is an archetype?
An original model or type after which other
similar things are patterned a prototype.
Archetypes are the basic building blocks of
literary structure.
Where did the hero archetype come from?
18
Monomyth Cyclical Pattern
The monomyth cycle is the general pattern of
adventures that  mythological heroes
encounter during their quests.  It's a cyclical
pattern inspired in part by the ancient ouroborus
symbol (a snake eating its own tale)
representing the cyclical pattern of nature, as
well as the necessity of life living off other
life. 
19
Birth/Home
Elixir
Call to Adventure
Helpers/Amulet
Return
Crossing the Threshold
Tests Helpers
Flight
Climax/Final Battle
20
Birth
Fabulous circumstances surrounding
conception, birth and childhood establish the
heros pedigree.
21
Call to Adventure
The hero is called to adventure by some external
event or messenger. The hero may accept the
call willing or reluctantly.
22
Helpers/ Amulet
During the early stages of the journey, the
hero will often receive aid from a protective
figure. The supernatural helper can take a wide
variety of forms, such as a wizard, an old man, a
dwarf, a crone, or a fairy godmother. The
helper commonly gives the hero a protective
amulet (charm worn against evil) or weapon for
the journey.
23
Crossing the Threshold
Upon reaching the threshold of adventure, the
hero must undergo some sort of ordeal in order
to pass from the everyday world into the world
of adventure. This trial may be as painless as
entering a dark cave or as violent as being
swallowed by a whale. The important feature is
the contrast between the familiar world of light
dark and the unknown world of adventure.
24
Tests Helpers
The hero travels through the dream-like world of
adventure where he must undergo a series of
tests. These trials are often violent
encounters with monsters, sorcerers, warriors,or
forces of nature. Each successful test further
proves the heros ability and advances the
journey towards its climax.
25
Climax
This is the critical moment in the heros journey
in which there is often a final battle with a
monster, wizard or warrior which facilitates the
particular resolution of the adventure.
26
Flight
After accomplishing the mission, the hero must
return to the threshold of adventure and prepare
for a return to the everyday world. If the hero
has angered the opposing forces by stealing the
elixir (remedy for ills) or killing a powerful
monster, the return may take the form of a hasty
flight. If the hero has been given the elixir
freely, the flight may be a benign
(mild/fortunate) stage of the journey.
27
Return
The hero again crosses the threshold of
adventure and returns to the everyday world of
daylight. The return usually takes the form of
an awakening, rebirth, resurrection, or a simple
emergence from a cave or forest. Sometimes the
hero is pulled out of an adventure world by a
force from the daylight world.
28
Elixir
The object, knowledge or blessing that the hero
acquired during the adventure is now put to use
in the everyday world. Often it has a
restorative or healing function, but it also
serves to define the heros role in society.
29
Home
A hero ventures forth from a world of common day
into a region of supernatural wonder fabulous
forces are there encountered and decisive
victory is won the hero comes back from his
mysterious adventure with the power to bestow
boon (blessing/advantage) on his fellow man.
30
Joseph Campbells Monomyth Cycle
Birth/Home
Elixir
Call to Adventure
Helpers/Amulet
Return
Crossing the Threshold
Tests Helpers
Flight
Climax/Final Battle
31
Who used the monomyth pattern?
The series of Harry Potter books written by J.K.
Rowling provide tremendous examples of the the
hero's journey.  
The Star Wars series written by George Lucas
implement the monomyth pattern. This blueprint
gave Lucas the focus he needed to draw his
sprawling imaginary universe into a single story.
Note that the Wachowski Brothers' wonderful film
The Matrix is carefully built on the same
archetype.
32
Why study the heros journey?
Why learn a pattern that dates before recorded
history?
The answer is simple we should study it because
it's the pattern of human experience, of our
experience. We live it now, and we will live it
for the rest of our lives. In a sense, every
challenge or change we face in life is a journey.
Every love found, every love lost, every birth
and every death carries the potential of
transformation to a new level of understanding.
Every move to a new school, job, or city opens
the chance to stop being what we were and to
start being what we can become. Every situation
which confronts us with something new or which
forces us to re-evaluate our thinking, behavior
or perspective presents us with possibilities for
insight and growth.
33
The journey is a process of self-discovery and
self-integration, of maintaining balance and
harmony in our lives. As with any process of
growth and change, a journey can be confusing and
painful, but it brings opportunities to develop
confidence, perspective and a new way of being in
our world.
Understanding the Journey pattern can help us
understand the literature we read, the movies we
see, and the experiences which shape our life. By
recognizing the Journey's stages and how they
function, we will develop a sense of the flow of
our own experience and be better able to make
decisions and solve problems. More importantly,
we will begin to recognize our own points of
passage and respect the significance they have
for us.
34
  • ENG 2DI
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