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The 1960s!

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THE 1960S! Man on the Moon July 20, 1969 Apollo 11 Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin Man on the Moon July 20, 1969 Apollo 11 Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The 1960s!


1
The 1960s!
2
1960 PRESIDENTIAL SHOWDOWN
  • JFK won because of likability factor

3
John F. Kennedy
  • Only in office for less than 1000 days
  • Helped to put a man on the moon
  • Lee Harvey
  • Oswald

4
Camelot
  • Term describing Kennedys time in office
  • Fresh and energetic ideas
  • More money to education
  • Reduce poverty

5
Pay of Pigs Invasion
  • - April 15, 1961
  • did not want to revolt against their govt.

6
Cuban Missile Crisis
  • October 15, 1962
  • Cuba communist country
  • We promised not to invade Cuba

7
Assassination of JFK 1963
  • Lyndon B. Johnson (VP) takes presidency office
  • Term is known as
  • war on poverty, education, minorities and
    criminals

8
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • Wanted equality for all races
  • I have a dream speech
  • Was assassinated April 4, 1968 in Memphis, TN to
    help African Americans gain better working
    conditions.

9
Civil Rights
  • 1968 Olympics
  • Raised their black-gloved hands to show that
    African Americans were tired of being oppressed

10
Black Panthers
  • symbol of the young militant African Americans.
  • used extreme ways to get point across.

11
Womens Liberation Movement
  • wanted equality in society, politics and the
    economy.
  • 1950s housewife is NO MORE!
  • Also known as feminism.

12
Counter Culture
  • Question Authority
  • Peace and Love
  • Personal Expression

13
Counter Culture
  • Hippies
  • Those partaking in counter culture
  • Woodstock
  • 3 day music festival
  • Height-Ashbury
  • Center of hippie movement in San Francisco
  • British Invasion
  • Beatles, among others

14
Man on the Moon
  • July 20, 1969
  • Apollo 11
  • Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin

15
Vietnam War and its aftermath
11.04 Identify the causes of the United States
involvement in Vietnam and examine how this
involvement affected society
16
The beginning
  • Vietnam was a weak country and was close to being
    taken over by communism.
  • Domino theory if Vietnam fell to communism then
    so would their neighbors (jeopardizing Japan and
    the Philippines areas).
  • United States got involved because we opposed
    communism and gave monetary aid to SEATO.
  • Those who opposed our help were known as the
    Vietcong, who used extreme measures to stop this,
    such as by destroying roads/bridges and killing
    government officials.

17
The Middle
  • President Kennedy believed Vietnam needed new
    leadership and when elected, he sent troops in to
    overthrow the existing government.
  • A few weeks later, President Kennedy was
    assassinated and VP Johnson became president.
  • Johnson passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
    which gave the president any and all authority to
    do whatever it takes to stop and prevent
    aggression against the U.S.

18
The middle
  • General William Westmoreland thought that America
    needed to increase its fighting force.
  • American pilots dropped napalm over Vietnam. It
    was jellied gasoline put into canisters that
    exploded on impact. Agent Orange was placed in
    there as well, meant to destroy plant life but
    now it is believed it causes cancer and other
    physical problems.
  • America eventually looses the war.
  • North Vietnamese and Vietcong fought smaller
    battles took place at night and eventually wore
    American soldiers out.

19
The end
  • War divides Americans
  • Conservative Hawks supported Johnsons war
    policies
  • Liberal Doves questioned Johnsons war policies
  • The media made it worse by printing information
    that ran counter to what President Johnson
    actually said credibility gap.
  • Tet Offensive when communists attacked U.S.
    positions throughout Vietnam (such as U.S.
    embassies, etc.)

20
Wars impact
  • Johnson decides not to run for re-election.
  • Robert Kennedy (JFKs little brother) decides to
    run but is killed at the Democratic Convention.
  • Richard Nixon decides to run for president and
    promises to get troops out of Vietnam and
    eventually wins.
  • Kent State University after a war speech that
    Nixon gave, many anti-war activists began to
    protest. These protestors threw rocks and bottles
    at National Guardsmen and when one thought he
    heard a gun go off, he shot and killed 4
    protesters by mistake.

21
Wars impact
  • Pentagon Papers revealed that American leaders
    got the U.S. involved in the war without fully
    informing the American people (aka lying) and
    even lied to Congress.
  • Paris Peace Accords it officially ended the war.
    Both North and South Vietnam would stop fighting
    and U.S. troops would move out.
  • War Powers Act it restricted the presidential
    powers in times of war.
  • 26th Amendment allowed 18 years the right to
    vote
  • Draft, or the Selective Service System, was ended
    as a result of this war.

22
Government programs in the 1960s
  • 11.06 Identify political events and the actions
    and reactions of the government officials and
    citizens and assess the social and political
    consequences.

23
JFKs Legacy
  • Had 1st televised presidential debate against
    Nixon and won election.
  • Peace Corp American volunteers sent around the
    world on missions of freedom to assist developing
    countries.
  • Alliance for Progress promised to keep up our
    good neighbor policy with Latin America and give
    them aid. This was NOT successful.
  • Bay of Pigs invasion failed invasion of Cuba to
    overthrow Fidel Castro by a CIA-led force of
    Cuban exiles.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis conflict between the U.S.
    and Soviet Union resulting from the Soviet
    installation of nuclear missiles in Cuba.

24
JFKs Legacy
  • New Frontier
  • his plan to improve the economy, education,
    healthcare and civil rights
  • Deficit spending spending more than you have
  • Space race getting America into space before the
    S.U. did.
  • This was cut short by his assassination in
    Dallas, Texas 1963 by Lee Harvey Oswald.

25
President Johnsons Legacy
  • Great Society
  • War on Poverty train the jobless, educate the
    uneducated and provide healthcare
  • Economic Opportunity Act created the Job Corp to
    train young Americans for jobs.
  • VISTA Volunteers in Service to America, went out
    with the Peace Corp and helped poverty stricken
    areas.
  • Head Start Program funds given to provide day
    care services for underprivileged children, to
    get them ready for elementary school.

26
President Johnsons Legacy
  • Medicare added to the social security program.
    Gave medical aid to the elderly.
  • Medicaid provided basic medical services to the
    economically disadvantaged and disabled who were
    not under the social security program.
  • Warren Court led by Chief Justice Earl Warren
    during this time (1960s).
  • Most famous for being the most liberal Supreme
    Court to date
  • Established rights for the accused (Miranda vs.
    Arizona reading of your rights and given a
    lawyer)
  • Established separation of church and state
    (students can not be made to recite prayer and
    can not read the bible in school).
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