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Regular and Irregular Plural Nouns

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Regular and Irregular Plural Nouns Plural nouns name more than one person, place, or thing. Add -s to form the plural of most nouns. picture/pictures wing/wings ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Regular and Irregular Plural Nouns


1
Regular and Irregular Plural Nouns
Plural nouns name more than one person, place, or
thing. Add -s to form the plural of most
nouns. picture/pictures wing/wings
pattern/patterns Add -es to nouns ending in ch,
sh, x, z, s, and ss. bunch/bunches wish/wishes
box/boxes class/classes If a noun ends in a
vowel and y, add -s. day/days boy/boys If a
noun ends in a consonant and y, change y to i and
add -es. city/cities lady/ladies Some nouns
have irregular plural forms. They change
spelling. man/men mouse/mice goose/geese
foot/feet child/children For most nouns that
end in f or fe, change f to v and add
-es. leaf/leaves knife/knives calf/calves Some
nouns have the same singular and plural
forms. sheep deer moose headquarters series
2
Regular and Irregular Plural Nouns
Directions Write the plural form of each noun.
Use a dictionary if you need help. 1. twig
________________ 2. team
________________ 3. field
________________ 4. Tuesday ________________ 5.
lunch ________________ 6. fox
________________ 7. woman
________________ 8. half
________________ 9. cracker ________________
10.goose ________________
3
Regular and Irregular Plural Nouns
Directions Write the plural forms of the
underlined singular nouns. 11. Migrant worker
pick many crop and work long hour.
_____________________________________ 12. They
filled many box with orange, strawberry, and
peach. __________________________________
___ 13. Sometimes they must trim leaf from plant
with sharp knife. ________________________
_____________ 14. Migrant child miss class on day
when they must help their parent at work.
_____________________________________ 15. Other
workers herd sheep and cow while riding horse.
_____________________________________
4
Possessive Nouns
A possessive noun shows ownership. A singular
possessive noun shows that one person, place, or
thing has or owns something. A plural possessive
noun shows that more than one person, place, or
thing has or owns something. To make a
singular noun show possession, add an apostrophe
() and -s. the babys crib To make a
plural noun that ends in -s show possession, add
an apostrophe (). the soldiers uniforms To
make a plural noun that does not end in -s show
possession, add an apostrophe () and -s. the
mens shoes
5
Possessive Nouns
1. family ______________ 2. brother
____________ 3. suitcase ____________ 4. child
_______________ 5. government__________ 6. pen
________________ 7. train _______________ 8. tree
_______________ 9. woman _____________ 10.
refugee____________
11. families____________ 12. brothers____________
13. suitcases___________ 14. children____________
15. governments_________ 16. pens_______________ 1
7. trains______________ 18. trees______________ 19
. women_____________ 20. refugees____________
6
Possessive Nouns
Directions Circle the correct possessive noun in
( ) to complete each sentence. 21. A (pens,
pens) point can be sharp. 22. This (authors,
authors) story is powerful. 23. The (Nazis,
Nazis) goal was to destroy or drive out
all Jews. 24. Most (refugees, refugees) stories
were heartbreaking. 25. A Japanese (familys,
families) compassion saved many lives.
7
Action and Linking Verbs
  • A complete sentence has a subject and a
    predicate. The main word in the predicate is a
    verb.
  • An action verb tells what the subject does.
  • The river flooded the town.
  • A linking verb links, or joins, the subject to a
    word or words in the predicate. It tells what the
    subject is or is like.
  • The townspeople were afraid.

8
Action and Linking Verbs
Action verbs can tell about actions that are
physical (walk, carry) or mental (forget,
understand). Forms of the verb be (am, is,
are, was, were) are often used as linking
verbs. These verbs can be linking verbs
become, seem, appear, feel, taste, smell, and
look. (I feel hungry. The pie smells delicious.)
However, some of them can also be used as
action verbs (Feel this fabric. The dog smells
many scents.)
9
Action and Linking Verbs
Directions Underline the verb in each sentence.
Write A on the line if the verb is an action
verb. Write L if it is a linking verb. 1. The
girl feels nervous.
______ 2. Today is her wedding day.
______ 3. She sits in a
fancy chair.
______ 4. Footmen carry the chair on their
shoulders. ______ 5. The girl is only
sixteen.
______ 6. Her parents arranged the marriage.
______ 7. She sees her husband for
the first time. ______ 8. He looks
handsome and kind.
______ 9. She appears happy and content.
______ 10. Some Chinese customs
seem unusual to us. ______
10
Action and Linking Verbs
Directions Find the verb in each sentence. If the
verb is an action verb, write it under Action. If
it is a linking verb, write it under
Linking. Action Linking 11. Animals
symbolize different things. ________
_______ 12. A coyote is resourceful and cunning.
________ _______ 13. An eagle seems fiercely
proud and free. ________ _______ 14. The lion
rules its territory with dignity. ________
_______ 15. A lion appears kinglike to people.
________ _______
11
Main and Helping Verbs
Verbs that are made up of more than one word are
verb phrases. In a verb phrase, the main verb
names the action. The helping verb helps tell the
time of the action. Some common helping verbs are
has, have, had, am, is, are, was, were, do, does,
did, can, could, will, would, and should. The
main verb is always the last word in a verb
phrase. (Animals are losing habitats.) There
may be more than one helping verb in a verb
phrase. (We should have saved more wetland
habitats.) Helping verbs such as is and are
show that action is happening in the present.
(Forests are cut down for wood.) Was and were
tell that the action happened in the past. (Once
millions of acres of forest were standing in
this area.) Will tells that the action is
happening in the future. (Trees will disappear if
we dont conserve them.)
12
Main and Helping Verbs
Directions Underline the verb phrase in each
sentence. 1. For years, people have given names
to their pets. 2. Our dog is named Groucho. 3.
Pets can perform fascinating tricks. 4. Groucho
has entertained us for years. 5. He could have
been a standup comic. 6. Sometimes he will walk
on his hind legs. 7. You should see his stubby
tail. 8. No one can resist his floppy ears.
13
Main and Helping Verbs
Directions Find the verb phrase in each sentence.
Write the helping verb on the first line and the
main verb on the second line. 9. We should
respect wild animals. ________
________ 10. They are sharing the planet with
us. ________ ________ 11. They can frighten
us at times. ________ ________ 12.
Most of them are frightened by us too.________
________
14
Subject-Verb Agreement
The subject and verb in a sentence must agree, or
work together. A singular subject needs a
singular verb. A plural subject needs a plural
verb. Use the following rules for verbs that tell
about the present time. If the subject is a
singular noun or he, she, or it, add -s or -es to
most verbs. A horse runs. A dog chases the
horse. It barks loudly. If the subject is a
plural noun or I, you, we, or they, do not add -s
or -es to the verb. Horses run. Dogs chase
the horse. They bark loudly. For the verb be,
use am and is to agree with singular subjects and
are to agree with plural subjects. I am
afraid. Paul is fearless. The armies are here. We
are surprised. A collective noun names a
group, such as family, team, and class. A
collective noun is singular if it refers to a
group acting as one The class is going on
a field trip. A collective noun is plural if it
refers to members of the group acting
individually The class are debating about
which place to visit.
15
Subject-Verb Agreement
Directions Underline the subject of each
sentence. Circle the verb in ( ) that agrees with
the subject. 1. U.S. history (is, are) an
interesting subject. 2. Our class (is, are)
studying the American colonies. 3. Toby (ask,
asks) to report on transportation in the
colonies. 4. Williamsburg (is, are) a colonial
community. 5. Actors (play, plays) the part of
colonists. 6. A blacksmith (pound, pounds) metal
at a forge. 7. He (make, makes) tools of all
kinds. 8. Teams of horses (pull, pulls) wagons on
dirt roads. 9. Women (cook, cooks) food on the
hearth. 10. Winnie (hurry, hurries) up the stairs
to the loft. 11. Husks of corn (serve, serves) as
mattresses in these beds. 12. A colonial child
(has, have) only a few toys.
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