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Greek Mythology

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Title: Mythology, Folk Tales, and Fables Author: Oak Mountain Middle School Last modified by: dcline Created Date: 1/25/2003 10:42:29 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Greek Mythology


1
Greek Mythology
  • Mrs. Dianne Cline
  • Oak Mountain Middle School
  • Shelby County Schools

2
I. Origins of Greek Myths
  • Myths can be traced to 900 800 BC in the
    Geometric period of Greece
  • Myths consisted of stories about the lives and
    adventures of gods goddesses, heroes
    heroines, mythical creatures

3
II. Sources of Greek Myths
  1. Pottery vase paintings from 900 500 BC
  2. Homer, Greek poet 850 BC, who wrote the epic
    poems The Iliad and The Odyssey
  3. Hesiod, Greek poet 705 BC, who wrote
    the epic poems Theogony and Works and Days

4
III. Mythology Meaning
  1. From a Greek word meaning story-telling, a
    legendary lore
  2. Meaning a collection of myths, legends, or
    folklore of a particular people or culture that
    was believed to be true addressed their origin,
    history, religion, ancestors, heroes

5
IV. History of Mythology
  1. Ancient myths were used to explain a cultures
    history, the natural world around them, their
    religion
  2. By the 5th century BC, Greek historians
    philosophers criticized excluded the study of
    the supernatural myths

6
  1. 850 680 B.C. Geometric Archaic ages of
    Greece (when ancient myths were passed on orally
    from generation to generation)
  2. 750 680 B.C. - Myths written down

7
  • V. Modern Day Influences from ancient Greece
  • Architecture
  • Greek architects were trained craftsmen
  • The temple was the
    most common form
    of Greek public architecture

8
  1. Other common Greek structures were stoa (a long
    row of shops), agora (commercial center),
    gymnasium (for exercise contests for men),
    outdoor theatres, bouleuterion (large public
    building used as a court house for council
    meetings)
  2. Three main styles of Greek architecture were
    Corinthian, Doric
    Ionic

9
(No Transcript)
10
Doric Ionic Style in the U.S.
US Treasury Building, NY State Treasury, Market
Building, Boston Girard College, PA Ohio
State Capital Building
11
  • 2. Art Law
  • a. Ancient Greek lawgivers
    were Draco Solon (appointed
    to write laws)
  • b. Greeks gave us
    the court system
  • c. Greeks gave us trial by jury
  • d. Greek art consisted of sculpture, painting,
    pottery jewelry making

12
Examples of Greek Art
13
  • 3. Politics Government
  • a. The word democracy is Greek it means
    government by the people
  • b. The two most important Greek city-states were
    Athens Sparta
  • c. Greeks gave us the constitution citizenship
  • 4. Literature Theatre
  • a. Greek literature consisted of poetry,
    drama, odes, histories

14
b. Famous Greek poets were Homer Hesiod c.
Famous Roman poets were Ovid who wrote
Metamorphoses Virgil who wrote Aeneid d. The
Roman poets were less serious
about religion in their poetry
15
  • 5. The Olympics
  • Ancient Olympics were held in Olympia, Greece
    from 776 BC to 393 AD
  • Representatives of Greek city-states from other
    countries competed in athletic competitions
  • The prize for winners was a crown or olive wreath

16
  • The Olympics also featured religious artistic
    celebration
  • A statue of Zeus was built in Olympia to show
    Zeus presided over the games
  • Only free men who spoke Greek were allowed to
    compete
  • The Olympics ended when Rome took over the
    Emperor declared the Games
    to be against God

17
VI. Purpose of Greek Myths
  • Greek myths were invented to
  • Explain the creation of the world
  • Explain the creation of the gods
  • Explain the creation of animals
    humans
  • Explain natural phenomena (rain,
    thunder, earthquakes, death, etc.)

18
  • Myths explain that the world was formed from
    Chaos who produced
  • Gaia (Mother Earth) Uranus (Father Sky)
  • Gaia gave birth to 12 Titans several
    creatures
  • One Titan, Cronus, murdered his
    father Uranus married his sister
    Rhea
  • With her husband Cronus, Rhea gave
    birth to 12
  • Olympians


19
  • The Olympian gods goddesses, led by Zeus
  • Battled their father Cronus the Titans
  • Overthrew them banished them to the underworld
  • Became the new
    rulers of the world
    from Mt. Olympus

20
VII. Olympian Gods Goddesses
  1. The gods goddesses can be both good evil
  2. They have human characteristics but are immortal
  3. Greeks built temples
    to the gods goddesses to
    worship them
  4. Gods goddesses can travel
    between Mt. Olympus Earth

21
VIII. Greek Heroes
  • Heracles (Hercules) son of
    Zeus, known for his strength
    performing 12 impossible
    tasks or labors
  • Achilles son of the nymph Thetis,
    known for his triumph in the
    Trojan war until Paris shot him
    with an arrow in his heel
    killed him

22
  • Theseus son of Poseidon, known for defeating the
    minotaur saving
    Athenians from human
    sacrifice
  • 4. Perseus son of Zeus, known for cutting off
    the head of Medusa
    rescuing the maiden Andromeda from a
    sea monster

23
  1. Odysseus a descendent of Hermes, known for the
    idea of the Trojan horse that led the
    Greeks to defeat the Trojans
  2. Jason son of Aeolus,
    a wind god, known for his
    quest to get the golden
    fleece in his ship, the
    Argo

24
IX. Mythical Creatures
  1. Centaurs half man- half horse, known for chasing
    nymphs drinking a lot. The centaur Chiron was
    the intelligent
    kind teacher of heroes.
  1. Cerberus the 3-headed dog that guarded the gates
    of the Underworld.

25
  1. Cyclops member of a race of
    giants with one eye in the
    middle of his forehead.
  2. Gorgons female creatures with hair of living
    venomous snakes a horrifying gaze that turned
    anyone who looked at them into stone.
    Two of them were immortal Medusa
    was not. She was killed by
    Perseus.

26
  1. Lernaean Hydra a serpent-like water beast that
    had many heads. The middle head had poisonous
    breath. If a head was cut off, 2 more grew back.
  1. Kraken a mythical giant sea monster, described
    as part octopus part crab. It attacked ships
    people on the ocean.

27
  1. Minotaur a creature with the head of a bull
    the body of a man. He was held in the center of
    the Cretan Labyrinth.
  1. Pegasus a winged horse born from Poseidon
    Medusa who served Zeus was used by heroes.

28
  1. Satyr a creature with the upper half of a man
    the lower half of a goat. Adults have horns
    juveniles have nubs in their foreheads. They
    drank wine, chased women, but were
    usually shy cowardly.
  1. Sirens creatures with a womans head, bird
    feathers, scaly feet. Their music voices
    would lure sailors to their death on rocky shores
    cliffs.

29
X. Why do we study Greek Mythology?
  1. Greek mythology was the worlds first written
    literature (Greek is 1 of the oldest written
    languages)
  2. It connects us to our past in language (words
    from mythology alphabet)
    history
  3. It helps us understand how
    mythology is used in our
    culture
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