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Louisiana Purchase

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Louisiana Purchase March 8, 2010 Looking West By 1800 more than one million settlers lived between the Appalachian Mountains and Mississippi River There ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Louisiana Purchase


1
Louisiana Purchase
  • March 8, 2010

2
Looking West
  • By 1800 more than one million settlers lived
    between the Appalachian Mountains and Mississippi
    River
  • There were few roads in the West, so they relied
    on the Mississippi River to ship their crops to
    New Orleans

3
Crisis
  • 1795 Pinckney Treaty guaranteed Americans right
    to ship their goods to New Orleans
  • This worked well until 1801 when Jefferson
    discovered that Spain had secretely given New
    Orleans and Louisiana Territory to France
  • France, already set out to conquer Europe now
    Jefferson feared they sought control of America

4
Go to War
  • 1802-Spanish governor of Louisiana withdrew the
    rights of Americans to ship goods through New
    Orleans
  • Westerners exploded with anger and demanded that
    Jefferson go to war
  • What would happen if French took over New Orleans?

5
Surprise Offer
  • Best approach buy New Orleans from the French
  • James Monroe sent to France to make a deal
  • Monroe found France in an altered situation
  • France controlled the colony of Haiti which would
    serve as a base for defense of New Orleans

6
Haitian Revolt
  • Toussaint LOuverture led a revolt in Haiti which
    drove the French from their colony
  • Without a base to defend Louisiana, French could
    not control it
  • Tensions with Britain and France were rising
  • Napoleon needed money to support the war effort

7
Good Buy
  • France offered to sell the U.S. not only New
    Orleans, but the entire Louisiana Territory
  • Months for Jefferson to approve, so Monroe agreed
    to buy the territory
  • 15 million-about 4 cents per acre
  • Millions of acres of fertile farmland and other
    natural resources
  • From this day, the United States take their
    place among the powers of the first
    rank.-Livingston

8
Dilemma
  • Jefferson was delighted with the deal
  • However, the Constitution nowhere states that the
    President has power to buy land from foreign
    country
  • Strict Interpretation (National Bank)
  • In the end, Jefferson decided he did have
    authority to buy Louisiana Territory
  • He reasoned that Constitution allowed President
    to make treaties
  • Congress approved and quickly voted to pay for
    land
  • Departure from Rebpublican beliefs of strict
    interpretation
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