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Gender Issues in Corrections

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Gender Issues in Corrections Chapter Twelve Women s Prisons in the United States Historically, women were confined in separate quarters within men s prisons The ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Gender Issues in Corrections


1
Gender Issues in Corrections
  • Chapter Twelve

2
Womens Prisons in the United States
  • Historically, women were confined in separate
    quarters within mens prisons

3
The Early Years
  • 1880s both men and women confined in the Walnut
    Street Jail in Philadelphia

4
Separate Quarters
  • Mid-18th Century saw increasing rates of women
    offenders which prompted a move to provide them
    with prison quarters of their own.

5
Womens Reformatories
  • Reformatory movement began in 1870

6
Womens Reformatories (continued)
  • Indiana Womens Prison was the first separate
    prison for women.

7
Racial Disparities
  • Not all women received the benefits of the
    reformatory model with its emphasis on
    rehabilitation.

8
Racial Disparities (continued)
  • African American women were routinely sentenced
    to custodial prisons, including the atrocious
    custodial plantation prisons of the South while
    white girls who committed the same offences were
    sent to reformatories.

9
Racial Disparities (continued)
  • It is clear that racism continued to influence
    prisoner populations in the U.S. after the Civil
    War.
  • The proportions of African American women in
    prisons of the Northeast Midwest continuously
    swelled grossly disproportionate to their
    representation in the general population.

10
Women Offenders
  • Since 1990 the women offender population has
    doubled.

11
Women Offenders (continued)
  • When demographics are taken into account, black
    and white offenders accounted for nearly equal
    proportions of women committing robbery and
    aggravated assaults.

12
Womens Special Needs as Inmates
13
Women Correctional Officers
  • Research is clear that the experience of women
    who have entered into male dominant occupations,
    almost unanimously, face discrimination in
    hiring, promotions, assignment policies,
    opposition and sexual harassment from male
    co-workers, and inadequacies in job training and
    socialization.

14
Women Correctional Officers (continued)
  • Women correctional officers have historically
    suffered from discrimination in their attempt to
    forge an entry into the correctional field.

15
Women Correctional Officers (continued)
  • Problems that women correctional officers have
    faced

16
Women Correctional Officers Selected Advantages
  • Women correctional officers add a degree of
    normalcy to an unreal environment for
    incarcerated males.

17
Women Correctional Officers Selected Advantages
(continued)
  • Male inmates seem to appreciate education more
    and work harder to achieve under a female teacher

18
Progress of Women in the Correctional Field
  • Several legal decisions have assisted women in
    forging an entry into the corrections profession

19
The National Advisory Commission on Criminal
Justice Standards Goals Recommendations
  • Change in correctional policies to eliminate
    discrimination against women for correctional work

20
What Correctional Administrators Must Do
  • Recruiting, hiring, and retaining female
    correctional officers is vital to a balanced and
    effective organization

21
What Correctional Administrators Must Do
(continued)
  • Market the correctional agency to potential
    recruits as an open institution that values the
    concept of cultural diversity and inclusiveness
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