Spinal Cord Injury - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Title:

Spinal Cord Injury

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Spinal Cord Injury & Damage Reverend Kyle H. Hatashita D.D. Block 3 Honors Mrs. Jensen Central Nervous System Spinal Cord Injuries Affect mainly the CNS Disrupts ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Spinal Cord Injury


1
Spinal Cord Injury Damage
  • Reverend Kyle H. Hatashita D.D.
  • Block 3 Honors
  • Mrs. Jensen

2
Central Nervous System
  • Spinal Cord Injuries Affect mainly the CNS
  • Disrupts Transmission of Nerve Signals
  • Swelling can disrupt or shut down every system in
    the body
  • Caused by Trauma or Disease
  • Two Types of Injury Incomplete Complete

3
Effects
  • Paralysis
  • Dysfunction of bowels and bladder
  • Male infertility
  • Inability to regulate blood pressure
  • Inability to sweat below level of injury
  • Chronic pain

4
Effects cont.
  • Cervical
  • Above C4 Ventillator
  • C5-C7 Little hand/arm control
  • Thoracic
  • Paraplegic wrist/hand ok
  • T1-T8 Poor torso control
  • T9-T12 Better torso control

5
Types
  • Complete
  • No function or sensation below injury site
  • Both Sides equally affected
  • Can Result in quadriplegia
  • Incomplete
  • Some function and/or sensation below injury site
  • One side may be more affected than other

6
Statistics
  • Approximately 450,000 people live with SCI in the
    US
  • About 10,000 new cases per year with 82 of them
    being male aged 16-30
  • 36 of that resulting from auto accidents

7
Statistics cont.
  • 85 of SCI patients (due to trauma) who survive
    the first 24 hours are alive 10 years later
  • Most common cause of death in SCI patients are
    diseases of the respiratory system
  • Second non-ischemic heart disease
  • Third Suicide

8
Immediate Treatment
  • Prevention of further Damage
  • Emotional Therapy
  • Preventing Inflammation
  • Corticosteroid Controller Medications (MS)

9
Treatment of chronic spinal cord injured patients
with autologous bone marrow-derived hematopoietic
stem cell transplantation
  • Cairo University conducted human trial of
    hematopoietic progenitor stem cells in SCI
    Patients
  • Results Improved functions
  • Not FDA approved
  • MRI showed no tumors
  • Awaiting 1 year follow up

10
UC Irvine
  • Gained FDA approval for Embryonic Stem Cell
    Treatment
  • Thoracic Injuries only
  • Not in clinical stages yet
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