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Lord of the Flies

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Lord of the Flies William Golding s Masterpiece Summary Lord of the Flies tells the story of a group of English schoolboys marooned on a tropical island after their ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Lord of the Flies


1
Lord of the Flies
  • William Goldings Masterpiece

2
Summary
  • Lord of the Flies tells the story of a group of
    English schoolboys marooned on a tropical island
    after their plane is shot down during a war.
  • its exploration of the idea of human evil is at
    least partly based on Goldings experience with
    the real-life violence and brutality of World War
    II.
  • Free from the rules and structures of
    civilization and society, the boys on the island
    in Lord of the Flies descend into savagery.
  • In his portrayal of the small world of the
    island, Golding paints a broader portrait of the
    fundamental human struggle between the civilizing
    instinctthe impulse to obey rules, behave
    morally, and act lawfullyand the savage
    instinctthe impulse to seek brute power over
    others, act selfishly, scorn moral rules, and
    indulge in violence.
  • Island is a microcosm of society, politics, and
    human psychology

3
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4
Ralph
  • Ralph is the most charismatic of the group. He is
    initially chosen as leader due to his many
    positive qualities. He maintains a conflict with
    Jack throughout the entire novel, attempting to
    keep order whereas Jack isn't concerned with it.
    Ralph and Piggy together represent the struggle
    for order and democracy.

5
Piggy
  • Piggy is a short and overweight boy who wears
    glasses and represents order and democracy.He
    tries very hard to cling to civilization, and
    tries his best to keep peace. While probably the
    smartest boy on the island, he lacks any social
    skills whatsoever, and has trouble communicating
    or fitting in with the others. His glasses are a
    very important part of the book, as they are used
    over and over to start fires. Piggy's constant
    polishing of them shows his desire for
    clear-sightedness and civilization.

6
Jack
  • Jack is about Ralph's age, with a skinnier build
    and red hair. From the very beginning, he seems
    to harbor emotions of anger and savagery. At
    first, he is the leader of his choir group, who
    become hunters as the book progresses. He
    eventually overtakes Ralph as chief/leader.

7
Simon
  • Simon is younger than the three previous boys,
    but older than other littluns. He is very good
    and pure, and has the most positive outlook.Simon
    often travels into his tranquil spot in the
    jungle, but also tries to help out when it is
    needed. He meets up with a pig's head skewered on
    a stick which leads him to an epileptic episode.

8
Themes
  • society holds everyone together, and without
    specific societal conditions, our ideals, values,
    and the basic concept of right and wrong are
    lost.
  • People will abuse power when it's not earned.
  • When given a chance, people often single out
    another to degrade to improve their own security.
  • Inner savagery can only be suppressed for so
    long before it breaks out, given the right
    situation.
  • The fear of the unknown can be a powerful force,
    which can turn you to either insight or hysteria.

9
Allegory
  • A work of fiction carrying two levels of meaning
  • - 1) a surface plot/narrative (literal)
  • - 2) symbolic/metaphorical meaning in which
    everything in story symbolizes something greater

10
A Freudian AllegoryRalph, Jack, and Piggy
  • Id
  • The part of the personality reflecting
    unorganized, instinctual impulses. If unbridled,
    it seeks immediate gratification of primitive
    needs.
  • Ego
  • The part of the personality corresponding most
    nearly to the perceived self, the controlling
    self that holds back the impulsiveness of the id
    in the effort to delay gratification until it can
    be found in socially approved ways.
  • Superego
  • The part of the personality corresponding most
    nearly to conscience, controlling through moral
    scruples rather than by way of social expediency.
    The superego is said to be an uncompromising and
    punishing conscience.

11
Social Influence
  • 1. Compliance
  • The person at whom the influence is directed (the
    target) publicly conforms to the wishes of the
    influencing source but does not change his or her
    private beliefs or attitudes. (The child eats the
    spinach but continues to dislike it.)
  • 2. Internalization
  • The target changes his or her beliefs, attitudes,
    or behaviors because of a genuine belief in the
    validity of the position advocated by the
    influencing source. (A middle-aged man gives up
    smoking after reading and believing the
    surgeon general's warnings that smoking causes
    cancer.)
  • 3. Identification
  • The target changes his or her beliefs, attitudes,
    or behaviors in order to resemble an influencing
    source that is respected or admired. (A high
    school girl takes up smoking in order to be like
    a group of older girls she admires.)
  • Deindividuation sense of self diminished when
    in a crowd (mob mentality)

12
Social Influence
  • Compliance Samneric
  • Internalization Roger, Jack
  • Identification most of the boys
  • Deindividuation death of Simon, attack on Ralph

13
Political Allegory
  • The world was divided into two camps, the free
    world and the Soviet Union, much like the camps
    of Ralph and Jack. In addition, the postwar Cold
    War Era suffered from fears of atomic
    destruction.  Lord of the Flies shows the world
    at the brink of atomic destruction.  The novel
    serves as a warning to the leaders of the world.

14
Continued
  • Ralph as the democratic chief (conch)
  • Piggy as the intellectual (glasses)
  • Jack as the dictator (knife)
  • Roger as the executioner (rock)
  • On the island, democracy, order and intellect are
    destroyed, leaving chaos and violence.

15
Religious Allegory
  • Garden of Eden  It was a perfect island with
    good food, good weather, and good water.  The
    island is destroyed by the inherent evil of
    humanity.
  • The plane scars the island.
  • The island is burnt down by the boys.

16
Religious Allegory Cont.
  • The beastie is the snake in the Garden that lures
    (tricks) the others to refuse their duty. 
  • The parachutist and Piggy represent the fall of
    mankind. 
  • Jack and Ralph are very much like Cain and Abel.
  • Simon is a Christ figure who sacrifices himself
    to save them.
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