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International Relations Theory-Images

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International Relations Theory-Images Realism Pluralism Globalism Actors in international relations States Nonstate actors Transnational organizations ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: International Relations Theory-Images


1
International Relations Theory-Images
  • Realism
  • Pluralism
  • Globalism

2
Actors in international relations
  • States
  • Nonstate actors
  • Transnational organizations
  • Intergovernmental organizations

3
Distinctions between these images
  • Key actors/units-analytical units
  • Assumptions
  • Methodologies
  • Construction and testing of hypothesis
  • Behavioral dynamic
  • issues

4
Realism
  • States are the key units of analysis
  • States are unitary actors
  • State is essentially a rational actor
  • National security is the most important
    international issue

5
Pluralism/Liberalism
  • Nonstate actors are also important in IR
  • State is not a unitary actor
  • Challenge the utility of the rationality
    assumption
  • Agenda of international politics is extensive,
    cannot be deduced only to security

6
Globalism
  • Main unit of analysis is the global context in
    which states interact
  • International relations have to viewed from a
    historical perspective
  • Mechanisms of domination/dependency between the
    actors
  • Emphasize the critical importance of economic
    factors

7
Levels of Analysis
  • Individual Level analysis
  • State Level analysis
  • International System/system level analysis

8
Individual level analysis
  • Personality of the leaders
  • Perceptions/misperceptions
  • Groupthink
  • Health of the leaders
  • Frustration-aggression thesis

9
State level analysis
  • Nationalism
  • Type of a political system-democracy or
    dictatorship
  • Bureaucratic decision making
  • Public opinion
  • Domestic factors

10
System level
  • Alliance formation
  • Distribution of power
  • Bargaining
  • Wars/systemic change

11
Trends
  • Global interdependence
  • Changing nature of problems
  • Crisis of authority

12
Interdependence
  • Sensitivity
  • Changes in one actor might influence change in
    another actor-assume more or less equal
    distribution of power
  • Vulnerability
  • Changes in one actor causes significant change in
    another actor-dependent relationship

13
International relations theories
  • Rationalist approaches
  • realism
  • institutionalism
  • Sociological approaches
  • constructivism

14
State Interests
  • Security
  • Economy
  • Identity

15
State Definition
  • Sovereignty
  • Political equality
  • Diplomatic recognition
  • Territoriality
  • Well defined population
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