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Conservation Programs and Agricultural Policy The New Landscape

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Title: Conservation Programs and Agricultural Policy The New Landscape


1
Conservation Programs and Agricultural PolicyThe
New Landscape
  • Bradley D. Lubben
  • Extension Agricultural Economist
  • Kansas State University

Policy and ag econ information from K-State
www.agmanager.info USDA program information
www.usda.gov
2
Evolution of Conservation Programs
  • From public support for agriculture
  • Focus on farm income support
  • Conservation benefits as a side-effect

3
Evolution of Conservation Programs
  • To public support for the environment
  • Focus on specific environmental/social goals
  • Debate over incentives versus regulations

4
Conservation Programs
  • Conservation Reserve Program
  • Wetlands Reserve Program
  • Environmental Quality Incentives Program
  • Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program
  • Wildlife Habitat Incentives Program
  • Forest Land Enhancement Program
  • Grassland Reserve Program
  • Conservation Security Program
  • Other Programs

5
Conservation Reserve Program (CRP)
  • Enrollment cap increased from 36.4 to 39.2
    million acres
  • Regular and continuous enrollment

6
Wetlands Reserve Program (WRP)
  • Enrollment cap increased from 1.075 to 2.275
    million acres

7
Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP)
  • Funding increased from 200 million per year to
    1.3 billion per year by 2007

8
Farm and Ranch Lands Protection Program (FRPP)
  • Funding increased from 50 million for 1996-2002
    to 597 million for 2002 through 2007

9
Wildlife Habitat Incentives Program (WHIP)
  • Funding increased from 50 million for 1996-2002
    to 85 million per year by 2005

10
Forest Land Enhancement Program (FLEP)
  • Replaces FIP and SIP with funding of 100 million
    through 2007

11
Grasslands Reserve Program (GRP)
  • Enrollment of up to 2 million acres of working
    grasslands

12
Conservation Security Program (CSP)
  • Payments to producers for wide range of
    conservation practices
  • Spending and enrollment not limited by legislation

13
Conservation Security ProgramPractices
  • nutrient management
  • integrated pest management
  • water conservation
  • grazing, pasture, range management
  • soil conservation, residue management
  • invasive species management
  • fish wildlife habitat management
  • air quality management
  • energy conservation measures
  • biological resource conservation
    regeneration
  • contour farming
  • strip and cover cropping
  • controlled rotational grazing
  • resource conserving crop rotation
  • conversion of portion of cropland from soil
    depleting to soil conserving use
  • partial field conservation practices
  • native grass prairie protection
  • any other practices the Secretary determines
    appropriate and comparable to the other practices

14
Conservation Security ProgramFunding Projections
  • 2002 Farm Bill
  • Spending estimated at 2 billion through 2011
  • 2003 Budget Resolution
  • Spending re-estimated at 6.9 billion through
    2012
  • 2003 Ag Appropriations and Ag Aid
  • Spending limited to 3.8 billion through 2012
  • 2004 Ag Appropriations (if passed)
  • Spending limit removed, returning to 6.9 billion
    estimate through 2013
  • Spending in FY2004 limited to 41 million

15
Conservation Programs Summary
  • Substantial expansion of most existing programs
  • CRP and WRP enrollment caps increased
  • EQIP, FRPP, and WHIP funding increased
  • FIP and SIP consolidated into FLEP
  • Promise of significant new programs
  • GRP implemented in FY 2003
  • CSP still on the way
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