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Church Part III

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... were upset French king Charles V wanted to keep the papacy in France Cont. 13 cardinals, all French formed their own conclave and elected Pope Clement VII ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Church Part III


1
Chapter 9
  • Church Part III

2
The Great Schism (1378-1417)
  • Pope Gregory (1370-1378) moved the papacy in Rome
    1377
  • After Gregory, cardinals in Rome elected an
    Italian Pope Urban VI (1378-1389)
  • French cardinals were upset
  • French king Charles V wanted to keep the papacy
    in France

3
Cont.
  • 13 cardinals, all French formed their own
    conclave and elected Pope Clement VII (cousin of
    the French king)
  • Said they originally voted for Urban for fear of
    their lives
  • England and its allies supported Urban and France
    and its allies supported Clement VII
  • Each pope considered himself fully legitimate

4
Church Government
  • Conciliar theory council could effectively
    regulate the actions of the pope
  • Popes sole purpose was to maintain the unity of
    the church
  • People argued the council acted with greater
    authority than the pope

5
Council of Pisa
  • On the basis of arguments, cardinals representing
    both popes convened in Pisa
  • Deposed both the Roman and the Avignon popes
  • Elected a new pope, Alexander V
  • Popes in Rome and Avignon refused to step down

6
Council of Constance
  • 1414-1417
  • Elect a new pope after the 3 contending popes had
    resigned or been removed
  • New pope Martin V (1417-1431)

7
Council of Basel (1431-1449)
  • 4 requests from the Hussites
  • 1. giving the cup as well as bread
  • 2. free preaching
  • 3. excluding of the clergy from holding secular
    offices and owning property
  • 4. punishment of clergy who commit mortal sins
  • Council of Basel collapsed in 1449

8
Consequences
  • Greater religious responsibility in secular
    governments
  • Without effective papal leadership, secular
    control of national churches increased
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