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World War I 1914-1918

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Title: World War I 1914-1918 Author: Dan Last modified by: longobardij Created Date: 2/26/2005 1:13:54 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: World War I 1914-1918


1
  • Directions M.A.I.N Causes of the First World War
  • You will visit all 4 stations in the classroom.
    Each station represents a cause of WWI.
  • Analyze the sources at each station to determine
    the cause that is being represented (what do
    the docs all have in common?)
  • Explain the cause on the handout provided (A)
  • Cite two examples of this cause in Europe
    pre-1914 (B C)
  • Discuss with group How would these conditions
    affect world relations?

2
You should leave class today knowing the answer
to the following questionAim What were the 4
Long-Term Causes of WWI?
  • Global II Homework
  • Guided Reading Fri., 1/10
  • World War I Vocab Mon., 1/13

3
World War I (1914-1918) The Great War
4
Causes of WWI
The Spark
Long Term Causes
5
1914
6
World War I 1914-1918The Great War
  • Directions
  • Open textbook to p. 704 (Connections)
  • 2. Label the countries on the map provided.
  • 3. Create a KEY to differentiate among the
    different alliances, and neutral nations.

7
Alliances Why?
ALLIED POWERS
CENTRAL POWERS
Naval Race
DEMOCRACIES
  • England
  • France
  • 3. Russia
  • 4. Serbia
  • Germany
  • A-H
  • 3. Ottoman Empire

Similar Culture
Arms Race
Lost territory
NATIONALIST TENSIONS
warm water ports
Slavic brothers
Resents Russia Sick Man of Europe
8
Your new Global classplay along!
Bob is a friend of Frank. Frank and Rick are
good friends and have agreed that if either is
ever in a fight, the other boy will come to the
rescue. Most of the boys in the class have
obtained weapons in case of a fight. Greg, Ira
and Alan are also good friends and have an
agreement to fight if one is attacked. Frank and
Greg hate each other because Greg beat up Frank a
few years ago. Greg is jealous of Bob because
Bob is a better swimmer on the school team. Sam
and Rick are good friends as their backgrounds
are similar, and Alan is always picking on Sam.
Rick will protect Sam from Alan. Barney is small
in size and gets picked on he has convinced Bob
to help him if he is ever attacked. All the boys
love Cathy each one thinks he is best and
deserves her.
  • What will your class feel like? Your thoughts?

9
Do Now
  1. What is an alliance?
  2. Why do people form them?
  3. How do people select who they want to make an
    alliance with?
  4. Why could alliances be dangerous?

10
Do Now
  • 1. Why is A-H the Balkan Peninsula known as the
    Powder Keg of Europe?
  • 2. Why is the Ottoman Empire known as the Sick
    Man of Europe
  • 3. Who started World War I? Defend your answer.

11
Do Now Review of HWQUIZ WWI Causes/Map -
Wednesday
  1. Why did Russia vow to protect Serbia?
  2. Why were the Balkans known as the Powder Keg of
    Europe?
  3. Why were the Germans British rivals?
  4. Why did the Ottomans enter the war?

12
Global II Quiz Tuesday
  1. Long-Term Causes of WWI
  2. Europe Map Alliances 1914
  3. Why were such alliances made?
  4. The Spark (todays lesson)

13
Do Now Read The Guns of August (p.682/697)
complete diagram. What was the spark that led
to the start of WWI?
Who (was involved?)
Where (did it happen?)
What (happened?)
When (did it happen?)
Why (did it happen?)
How (did it happen?)
Why did this spark lead to a World War? (explain)
14
The Powder Keg of Europe (1914) Balkan
Peninsula
  • A-H Empire
  • Diverse nationalities
  • Anti-foreign rule
  • Desire independence
  • Serbia independent
  • (Slavic Culture)
  • Russian interest in Balkan peninsula
  • Slavic Brothers (Serbia)
  • Access to Med Sea (militarism/warm water ports)
  • Ottoman Empire loss of territory to Russia

15
The Spark
  • Assassination of the Austrian Archduke Franz
    Ferdinand and his wife on June 28th, 1914 in
    Sarajevo, Bosnia (Austrian-Hungary Province)

16
Who did it? Gavrilo Princip
  • WHO IS HE?
  • Bosnian Revolutionary
  • Black Hand
  • Instrument of Serbian government?

Seal of the Black Hand
17
Austria Responds
Germany Responds Blank Check
  • Count Berchtold (Austrian PM)

Hollweg (German PM)
His Majesty desires to say that he is not blind
to the danger which threatens Austria-Hungary and
thus the Triple Alliance . The Emperor Francis
Joseph (AH) may be rest assured that His Majesty
will faithfully stand by Austria-Hungary, as is
required by the obligations of his alliance and
of his ancient friendship.
  • Demands must be put to Serbia that would be
    wholly impossible for them to accept.

18
The Ultimatum(from A-H to Serbia)July 23, 1914
  • Suppress anti-AH hostility
  • Dismiss anti-AH officials
  • Allow AH to investigate assassination within
    Serbia
  • Trial in AH courts
  • 48 hours to respond
  • Must accept all demands or AH declares war
  • What do you think Serbia should do? Why?

19
German Motives
Kaiser William II
Germany must have its place in the sun. The
world belongs to the strong.
Aggressive Foreign Policy
  • The Austrian demands are moderate. Any
    interference by Britain, France, Russia will be
    followed by incalculable consequences.

20
Alliance System In Action
  • July 28, 1914 A-H declares war on Serbia
  • July 29, 1914 Russia mobilizes
  • August 1, 1914 Germany declares war on Russia
  • August 3, 1914 Germany declares war on France

21
German Military StrategyHow do you fight a war
on two fronts?
  • Schlieffen Plan Defeat France before Russians
    mobilize
  • HOW?
  • Fastest Route invade through Belgium August 3,
    1914

22
The Schlieffen Plan
23
Why did Britain get involved?August 4, 1914
  • Belgian Neutrality
  • Protected by British
  • Britain declares war on Germany
  • U.S. neutral Loans Allies gt3 billion

Theres some devilry going on in Berlin. (Sir
Edward Grey British Foreign Secretary)
24

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25
Talk a Mile A MinuteTopic School
Teacher Student Global History pencil
smartboard notes suspension laughing cutting
study
26
Talk a Mile A MinuteTopic WWI
Alliances Militarism Nationalism
Imperialism Sick Man of Europe
Powder Keg Slavic
Serbia
27
Talk a Mile A MinuteTopic WWI
Central Powers Allied Powers Serbia
militarism Belgium Powder Keg
Russia Ottoman Empire Germany
28
Talk a Mile A MinuteTopic WWI
Gavrilo Princep Black Hand ultimatum
assassination neutral Blank Check
sovereignty Franz Ferdinand alliances
29
Talk a Mile A MinuteTopic WWI
warm water ports assassination
serbia balkan peninsula nationalism
imperialism central powers militarism
powder keg
30
Lets Chat
  • What caused WWI to occur?
  • What nation should we blame for the war?
  • Is the war justified?
  • How could WWI have been avoided?
  • Should nations follow a policy of isolationism?
    Why? Why not?
  • What are the soldiers fighting for? (Name a
    country, rationale)

31
Napoleon Crossing the Alps By Jacques-Louis
David (1800)
32
Rupert Brooke The Soldier
  • If I should die, think only this of me That
    there's some corner of a foreign field That is
    forever England. There shall be In that rich
    earth a richer dust concealed A dust whom
    England bore, shaped, made aware, Gave, once, her
    flowers to love, her ways to roam, A body of
    England's, breathing English air, Washed by the
    rivers, blest by suns of home. And think, this
    heart, all evil shed away, A pulse in the eternal
    mind, no less Gives somewhere back the thoughts
    by England given Her sights and sounds dreams
    happy as her day And laughter, learnt of
    friends and gentleness, In hearts at peace,
    under an English heaven.

33
French Troops Resting C. R. W. Nevinson
34
Countries TotalMobilized Killed Died Wounded Prisoners Missing TotalCasualties Casualties of Mobilized
Allied Powers            
Russia 12,000,000 1,700,000 4,950,000 2,500,000 9,150,000 76.3
France 8,410,000 1,357,800 4,266,000 537,000 6,160,800 76.3
British Empire 8,904,467 908,371 2,090,212 191,652 3,190,235 35.8
Italy 5,615,000 650,000 947,000 600,000 2,197,000 39.1
United States 4,355,000 126,000 234,300 4,500 364,800 8.2
Japan 800,000 300 907 3 1,210 0.2
Romania 750,000 335,706 120,000 80,000 535,706 71.4
Serbia 707,343 45,000 133,148 152,958 331,106 46.8
Belgium 267,000 13,716 44,686 34,659 93,061 34.9
Greece 230,000 5,000 21,000 1,000 17,000 11.7
Portugal 100,000 7,222 13,751 12,318 33,291 33.3
Montenegro 50,000 3,000 10,000 7,000 20,000 40.0
Total 42,188,810 5,152,115 12,831,004 4,121,090 22,104,209 52.3
Central Powers            
Germany 11,000,000 1,773,700 4,216,058 1,152,800 7,142,558 64.9
Austria-Hungary 7,800,000 1,200,000 3,620,000 2,200,000 7,020,000 90.0
Turkey 2,850,000 325,000 400,000 250,000 975,000 34.2
Bulgaria 1,200,000 87,500 152,390 27,029 266,919 22.2
Total 22,850,000 3,386,200 8,388,448 3,629,829 15,404,477 67.4
Grand Total 65,038,810 8,538,315 21,219,452 7,750,919 37,508,686 57.6
35
Allied Powers Cost in Dollars in 1914-18
United States 22,625,253,000
Great Britain 35,334,012,000
France 24,265,583,000
Russia 22,293,950,000
Italy 12,413,998,000
Belgium 1,154,468,000
Japan 40,000,000
Serbia 399,400,000
Total of all Costs (including other countries involved) 125,690,477,000
36
Central Powers Cost in Dollars in 1914-18
Germany 37,775,000,000
Austria-Hungary 20,622,960,000
Turkey 1,430,000,000
Bulgaria 815,200,000
Total of all Costs 60,643,160,000
37
(No Transcript)
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