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World ABC Review

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... Effects of Cottage Industry Big profits for new class of merchants Alternative source of income for peasants YouTube - Conan O'Brien, American Express ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: World ABC Review


1
World ABC Review
  • In your groups of four please brainstorm people,
    terms, events that we have talked about prior to
    Industrialization.
  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

2
AGE OF INDUSTRYCH. 12 AND 13.1PAGES 374-401
  • Standard Strand 2 World History Concept 6
    Age of Revolution PO 6 Analyze the social,
    political, and economic development and impact of
    the Industrial Revolution
  • a. origins in Englands textile and mining
    industries.
  • b. urban growth and the social impact of
    industrialization
  • c. unequal spread of industrialization to other
    countries
  • d. political and economic theories (nationalism,
    anarchism, capitalism, socialism)

3
Please open your textbook to page 374
  • As a class we will read the Storyteller
  • We will brainstorm the historical significance
    questions.

4
Terms, people, and events to know for Industrial
Revolution Ch. 12
  • Illustrated Vocabulary
  • Domestic system
  • Enclosure movement
  • Capital
  • Entrepreneur
  • Factory system
  • Industrial capitalism
  • Interchangeable parts
  • Division of labor
  • Partnership
  • Corporation
  • Depression
  • Labor union-tactics
  • Collective bargaining
  • Eli Whitney
  • James Watt
  • Robert Fulton
  • Frederick Taylor
  • Henry Ford
  • Samuel Morse
  • Alexander Graham Bell
  • Thomas Edison
  • Rudolf Diesel
  • Wilbur and Orville Wright

5
Industrial Revolution
  • The Industrial Revolution occurred in several
    stages, each of which was dependent upon the
    previous stage.
  • Agricultural Revolution
  • Cottage Industry
  • Factory System
  • Steam Engine

6
Traditional or Pre-Industrial Society
  • Farming in the Middle Ages
  • Villages feed themselves
  • One of three fields left fallow (empty) to regain
    fertility
  • Animals grazed in common pastures.
  • Farmers did not experiment with new farming
    methods.
  • Disadvantages
  • Land use was inefficient
  • Farmers didnt experiment with new farming
    methods.
  • Forces for Change
  • Population growing more food needed.
  • French blockade no corn more food needed.

7
The Agricultural Revolution
  • Enclosure Movement -pg. 379
  • Wealthy landlords fenced in common pastures and
    experimented with new farming technology.
  • Villages lost common lands and political power,
    peasants became poorer.
  • Crop Rotation -pg. 379
  • Fields depleted of nutrients by one crop,
    replenished by planting different crops
  • Fields not left fallow
  • Other Discoveries
  • Seed drill -Planted seeds more efficiently
  • New crops corn and potatoes
  • Results of Agricultural Revolution
  • More food
  • Population increased

8
Create a visual of the previous notes
? agricultural revolution
9
Cottage Industry Early Capitalism
  • Mercantilism---
  • Economic theory of the 1600s
  • Stated a nation should maintain and increase its
    wealth by exporting more goods than it was
    importing
  • Placed limits of purchasing goods
  • Cottage Industry
  • Merchants supplied materialswool and cotton to
    cottages to be carded and spun.
  • Multiple cottages provided services to produce
    cloth supplies went from spinning cottage to
    weaving cottage to dying cottage to sell finished
    cloth.
  • Merchants sell product for more than material and
    labor costs profit larger investment higher
    profit
  • Capitalism-money to invest in labor, machines,
    and raw materials
  • An economic system based on private ownership,
    free competition, and profit
  • Cottage industry is an example of early
    capitalism
  • Effects of Cottage Industry
  • Big profits for new class of merchants
  • Alternative source of income for peasants
  • YouTube - Conan O'Brien, American Express -
    "Curtain

10
Cottage Industry
11
  • Create a visual of the previous notes ?
  • Cottage Industry

12
TEXTILE INDUSTRY AND FACTORY SYSTEM
  • Textile Industry invented
  • Cottage industry could not keep up with new
    demand
  • Spinning jenny, water frame, spinning muleall
    improved spinning
  • Power loom sped up weaving
  • Cotton gin separated seeds from cottonEli
    Whitney
  • Rise of the Factory System
  • Brought workers and machines together under the
    control of managers.
  • Factories located near power source coal, iron,
    water..
  • Waterways powered the machines and transported
    items.
  • Led to the invention of the more efficient steam
    engine help set industrial revolution into full
    motion.
  • Industrial developments
  • Factory machinery increased demand for iron and
    steel.
  • Private companies began building and paving
    roads led to drainage systems.
  • First modern canal built in 1761.
  • First practical Steam boat invented in 1807
  • Effects of Textile Factories in Britain
  • Prices of mass-produced textiles were much lower
    than hand- produced items
  • Britains textile industry increased enormously
  • Majority of villagers forced to leave to find
    work in urban factories.

13
Textile and Factory
14
  • Create a visual of the previous notes ?
  • Textile industry
  • Factory system

15
Steam Engine Energy for the Industrial Revolution
  • The need for Energy
  • Early factories relied on horses, oxen, and water
    mills
  • Steam engine evolved in response to the
    increasing need for power
  • How the Steam Engine Works
  • Steam forced from high to low pressure produces
    power.
  • Effect of Steam Engine
  • Steam power, used where ever coal existed,
    increased textile production
  • Improved mining which increased metals which in
    turn fueled other industries.

16
Steam Engine
Invented by James Watt in the 1760s
17
  • Create a visual of the previous notes ?
  • Energy for the Industrial Revolution

18
Iron and Coal Energy for the IR
  • The need for Iron
  • Farming tools, new factory machinery, railways
  • Smelting makes iron more pure, but requires
    carbon
  • The need for coal
  • Carbon necessary for smelting iron
  • Steam engines powered by coal
  • Effect of Iron and Coal
  • Britain produced more iron than all other
    countries of the world combined
  • Coal powered Britains enormous navy.

19
Transportation
  • The need for better Transportation
  • Increased production increased need to transport
    goods quickly and cheaply
  • Pre-industrial society used horses, mules, and
    dirt roads
  • Inventions
  • Stone and eventually asphalt roads
  • Canals
  • Railroad era ushered in with the Rocket in 1829
  • Effects of RR
  • Expanded rapidly throughout Britain
  • Cheaper transportation increased production and
    profits
  • Railways fueled other industries coal, steam
    engines, iron, steel, and many manufactured
    products.

20
Steam Engine
Please open your book to page 395 and look at the
map showing the Industrial Revolution England
1850-1870
21
  • Create a visual of the previous notes ?

22
Why Britain led the Industrial Revolution
  • Geography
  • Climate good for textile production.
  • Plenty of natural resources such as iron and
    coal.
  • Separation from the European continent kept them
    out of wars.
  • Government
  • internal trade encouraged
  • Population allowed to relocate
  • Helped build canals and road
  • Social Factors
  • British society less rigid than other European
    countries
  • Colonial Empire
  • Supplied raw material for manufactured goods
  • Provided market for goods
  • Advantages of Industrializing First
  • No other countries competing for manufactured
    goods
  • Monopoly on technology

23
(No Transcript)
24
Closure
  • Think about writing an editorial on why the
    Industrial Revolution was able to start in Great
    Britain..another day. ?

25
People of IR
  • Eli Whitney
  • James Watt
  • Robert Fulton
  • Frederick Taylor
  • Henry Ford
  • Samuel Morse
  • Alexander Graham Bell
  • Thomas Edison
  • Rudolf Diesel
  • Wilbur and Orville Wright
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