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IS COMMUNITY BASED TOURISM RESPONSIBLE TOURISM?

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IS COMMUNITY BASED TOURISM RESPONSIBLE TOURISM? TOURISM STAKEHOLDERS FORUM Arusha Tanzania June 3, 2010 By Henry Waruhiu Outline CBT What Is It? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: IS COMMUNITY BASED TOURISM RESPONSIBLE TOURISM?


1
IS COMMUNITY BASED TOURISM RESPONSIBLE TOURISM?
TOURISM STAKEHOLDERS FORUM Arusha Tanzania June
3, 2010
  • By
  • Henry Waruhiu

2
Outline
  • CBT What Is It?
  • Why CBT?
  • Why NOW?
  • What needs to be done?

3
COMMUNITY BASED TOURISM
  • CBT) is responsible travel to natural areas that
    conserves the environment and sustains the
    well-being of local people.
  • Rooted in the local community
  • Preserves the natural environment, social and
    cultural values
  • Addresses economic needs of the local people
  • Involves local residents in the running and
    management of tourism projects

4
COMMUNITY BASED TOURISM
  • What are the indicators for responsible tourism?
  • From which perspective should they be measured?
    Community? Government? Tour operators? Tourists?
    Development partners?
  • Is it possible to measure them from all
    perspectives?
  • Is there a conflict between internationally
    developed indicators with those the communities
    would seek?

5
WHY CBT?
  • There is evidence that the majority of CBT
    initiatives enjoy very little success
  • There is a major gap between the academic
  • definition of the concept and the way it is used
    by practitioners.
  • Challenges of market access and governance in
    CBT.
  • Lack of consensus in the definition of CBT.
  • Has CBT been over-romanticized?

6
WHY CBT?
  • Tourism revenues globally are in excess of US4
    trillion.
  • What percentage of this do communities receive in
    Tanzania? Where do the rest of tourism dollars go?

7
WHY NOW?
  • Market access for CB tourism products
    (sub-national level competitiveness)
  • Low level of skills and knowledge
  • Lack of sector-specific skills
  • Government policies Are they more conducive
    today than before?

8
Is CBT Responsible Tourism?
  • Responsible Tourism is tourism that creates
    better places for people to live in, and better
    places to visit.
  • Is CBT then responsible tourism?
  • Is responsible tourism a marketing gimmick?
  • What is SUCCESSFUL Community Based Tourism?
  • Has CBT been responsible tourism? If not can it
    become so?

9
Two contrasting cases
  • Selenkei
  • Namunyak
  • What lessons do we learn?

10
Dilemmas
  • CBT stimulated by an external private sector
    player may have more challenges
  • NGO-driven CBTs may not be sustainable (if
    sustainability is seen as part of responsible
    tourism)
  • Community-driven tourism may shift human-wildlife
    conflict to human-human conflict unless certain
    preconditions are observed.

11
What are these preconditions?
  • Acquisition of knowledge and skills?
  • Well grounded management and governance
    structure?
  • Sharing of profits and re-investing these back
    to the community?
  • Stimulating an entrepreneurial culture within the
    community members?
  • Government policy on tourism?

12
Final Thoughts
  • More than 125 indicators developed, but by who?
    For who? And For what?
  • Political 32
  • Social 28
  • Ecological 25
  • Economic 24
  • Technological 3
  • Cultural 13
  • Can they be all monitored? Are these all?

13
Asante sana
  • hwaruhiu_at_esamihq.ac.tz
  • hwaruhiu_at_yahoo.com
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