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Communication Differences Between the Sexes

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Title: Communication Between Genders Author: Samantha Lenora Saldanha Last modified by: 006793 Created Date: 11/22/2005 1:45:28 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Communication Differences Between the Sexes


1
Communication Differences Between the Sexes
2
Socialization affects Communication Patterns
  • Peer groups
  • girls tend to establish harmony and cooperation
  • boys tend to establish dominance and power

3
Socialization affects Communication Patterns
  • In Conversations
  • Boys value aggressiveness, arguing, storytelling,
    ostentatious behavior, and tend to dominate
    conversation
  • More likely to interrupt

4
Socialization affects Communication Patterns
  • In Conversations
  • Girls seek approval, contribute to conversation
    instead of interrupt, use listening cues, make
    use of indirectness (more on this later)

5
Language
  • Very important in socializing
  • Words are symbols in which we give meanings
  • They do three things
  • 1. Define
  • 2. Describe
  • 3. Evaluate

6
Language
  • Draw the most typical person w/typical name
  • Language affects women in 3 ways
  • 1.) Ignores Them
  • Generic he (Ex caveman)
  • There is no gender neutral pronoun (only he, she,
    it)

7
Language
  • Only 25 named a female when asked to draw a
    person so for most of us, the typical is male
  • 2.) Defines women
  • Female is defined by relationship she has w/a
    male
  • Surnames link to father or husband

8
Language
  • For a female, a name should be a non issue
  • Feminists argue changing your name is a loss of
    identity
  • Religion of child follows mother so why doesnt
    the name?
  • Historically, wife and children were considered
    property

9
Language
  • 3.) Deprecates Women - puts them down
  • Names of men women who get around (player vs.
    slut)
  • We downplay things that are female such as the
    male vs. female form of a word
  • Female usually ends in ess

10
Language
  • Example Governor v. governess
  • Study professors were sent journal articles to
    rate
  • Were identical except for the name of the author
  • Females were rated less than if male names were
    on articles
  • Females often use pen names

11
Patterns of Communication
  • Words hurt and heal
  • How would you feel if you were constantly
    criticized?
  • Men solve (find solutions) and women process
    (talk about it) and then solve
  • Females are better at expressing emotion
    feelings non-verbally

12
Non Verbal Skills
  • Social eye contact - how much eye contact you
    make in a social situation
  • Females look away
  • People who look away seem insecure

13
Non Verbal Skills
  • 1 male and female volunteer to sit in chair
  • Hold hands
  • Who is leading who?
  • Personal Space - women take up less
  • Body position - females sit in more restrictive
    posture

14
Non Verbal Skills
  • (legs crossed) while males sit with legs out
  • Space is status (ex bigger office, bigger house)

15
Verbal Skills
  • Female friendships characterized by sharing
    confidences
  • Male friendships characterized by sharing
    activities
  • Women value details express concern
    understanding
  • Men are socialized to act, not to be concerned

16
Verbal Skills
  • When women say mmhm they mean Im listening
    while when men say mmhm they mean Im
    agreeing
  • Women ask questions to maintain a conversation
  • Men ask questions to obtain facts and information

17
Verbal Skills
  • Masculine - direct or powerful
  • Feminine - indirect, powerless (seem weak or less
    convincing)
  • Doesnt matter if a person is a male or female
  • 4 examples of Feminine Speech Patterns

18
Feminine Speech Patterns
  • 1. Tag Questions - implies passivity
  • Its asking for validation so shows doubt and
    weakness
  • EX That was a good movie, wasnt it? or Call
    me back, all right?

19
Feminine Speech Patterns
  • 2. Qualifiers - words or phrases that soften a
    statement
  • EX This may be a stupid question but
  • 3. Longer request phrases
  • EX Men to secretary - Photocopy this for me
    while Woman would say to secretary

20
Feminine Speech Patterns
  • When you have the time could you please
    photocopy this for me
  • 4. Fillers - suggest discomfort with a topic
  • EX Ums, ers, ya know, like
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