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Slavic Immigration passport to another life

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Slavic Immigration passport to another life Alice Paul, Melissa Cotignola, Jenny Bayard, and Rachel Christensen Reasons for Emigration Trends of Immigration ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Slavic Immigration passport to another life


1
Slavic Immigrationpassport to another life
  • Alice Paul, Melissa Cotignola, Jenny Bayard, and
    Rachel Christensen

2
As persecution and poverty became issues in the
Slavic countries, many began to immigrate to the
United States, seeking jobs and privileges.
However, often times their lack of education and
agricultural knowledge left them with unskilled,
low paying jobs and inadequate living. Because of
the emphasis on a better life for their children,
they adapted to the American lifestyle but in the
end it became a struggle to assimilate to society
while retaining national identity.

3
(No Transcript)
4
Reasons for Emigration
Russia Came from European Russia along the South
and West. Famines in agriculture, high taxes, and
poverty were reasons to leave. Mennonites, Old
Velievers, and Molokans left because of religious
persecution
Poland Overpopulation, limit of land, price
decline on grain, low wages, high taxes, and
political persecution of Catholics were major
reasons for emigration.
Slovakia Came from rural areas. Left because of
high inflation and unemployment as well as the
landlord system.
Ukraine Began in the southwest, which was
occupied by Austria. Western Ukraine was occupied
by Russia. Both areas faced persecution and
exploitation.
Czech A potato crop failure, Catholic
persecution, and Austrian political repression
were major reasons for emigration.
Click the Russian for individual experiences
5
Hi, Im Rose Gillman. I grew up in Czechoslovakia
in a well to do town in a house complete with
electric lighting and plumbing. My mother worked
at a bakery as my dad left for America to work.
We left when I was 12 in 1916 to join him after
six years.
Hi, Im Lillian Kaiz. I left my village of
Rizghon, Russia in 1921 because the Cossacks came
to my house and beat me up and killed my
grandfather simply because we were Jewish. The
Jewish Pogroms forced many like me to flee to
America.
6
  • Expectations When Arriving
  • -Poles and Slavs were some of the most desperate,
    poor and unskilled of the immigrants. So they
    readily sought unskilled jobs. Because of
    political repression they took their democratic
    rights seriously.
  • -They also valued land ownership and education.
  • Most of all, they expected a better life for
    their children and came to the Land of
    Opportunity to realize this dream.
  • Unfortunately, they lived in Ghettos, faced
    native prejudice and economic hardship.

7
Trends of Immigration
-Majority of Slavs emigrated between 1901 and
1920 -Between 1881 and 1914, 3.2 million Russians
entered the U.S. -Immigration trickled after
Bolshevik Revolution in Russia because of strict
government codes. Johnson-Reed Act of 1927
established immigrant quotas per year -The quotas
for the years 1924-1925 were 671
Yugoslavians 3,073 Czechoslovakians 5,982
Poles 124 Armenians -Following WWII, immigrant
refugees were allowed into the country through
the 1948 Displaced Persons Act and the 1953
Refugee Relief Act. -Immigrants were labeled upon
arrival by their state of origin (I.e. Bulgars,
Serbs, Croats). -Many Slavs have come to America
since 1980 because of the fall of communism
8
My trip lasted two weeks and because I rode
second class it was mostly enjoyable for me. I
looked forward to seeing my father again. I
traveled with my sisters, brother, and mother. I
packed a few dresses, three pairs of shoes, a
coat, boots, and religious items. Upon arrival we
stayed for two days at Ellis Island.
I was only 8 years old during the voyage and was
sea sick the entire time. When we arrived at
Ellis Island, my brother was put in quarantine.
The rest of our family went to Chicago where we
were reunited with my brother when he got better.
9
SettlementRussians 50 of immigrants were
Jewish, most of which settled in NYC, California
was also popularBulgarians St. Louis MO,
Indianapolis IA, Portland OR (Hence Greek
Orthodox populations)Croatians Michigan and
MississippiPoles New York (especially around
Greenpoint, Brooklyn), Chicago, Pittsburgh,
Milwaukee, Detroit, and Cleveland (mainly
Catholic)Slovaks Indiana, Connecticut, New
JerseyYugoslavians Mississippi Valley
especially IllinoisAccording to 1990 Census
there are 2,952,987 Russians in the U.S. and
1,882,897 Slovaks.
10
Labor Then Slavic Immigrants worked primarily
in steel/iron mills, coal mines, and factories.
Russians were tailors, merchants, and laborers.
Bohemians were farmers, agricultural laborers,
and tailors.The meatpacking industry and
sweatshops in Chicago primarily employed
Poles. Jewish Slavic immigrants worked as
artisans and businessmen. Because in their
homelands, they were restricted by laws that
prohibited them from owning land and farming they
had little experience. Now The majority of Slavs
hold white collar jobs
11
My father worked selling religious shawls in
Chicago, but the profit he expected to earn was
far more than what he could accomplish. My mother
later opened a bakery. Still they managed to have
enough money to spoil me with piano lessons and
college tuition.
We settled in Chicago where we lived in a small
apartment. My father worked a variety of jobs to
support our family. He owned a deli, worked a
newspaper stand and was a local policeman. I also
worked after I dropped out of high school.. Times
were tough because of the depression.
12
Customs that have affected the U.S. From Russia-
Nesting dolls, Russian ballet, Christmas eggs,
and Faberge eggs. From Poland The Polka From
Ukraine Easter egg painting Also, the food (like
borsht!) has influenced our cuisine. Slavs also
helped influence the American Vaudeville and Tin
Pan Alley (New York Music Publishing District)
with composes like Sophie Tucker and Irving
Berlin. Al Johnson helped influence ragtime and
Samuel Goldwyn from Poland, controlled film
industry in the early 20th century.
13
SOME STEREOTYPES       All Russians are
communists or were communist spies during
WWII.       All Russians are in the Russian
Mafia.       All Slavic immigrants are gypsies.
      Poles are dirty, disorderly, and
drunks.         While it is true that it wasnt
until the mid-20th century that the move of
Polish immigrants toward education took place,
many Poles came to the U.S. to purchase land and
make money and thus had a strong work ethic.
        Because of the large number of
immigrants to the U.S. during the early 20th
century and their inability to speak English,
many Poles were forced to take jobs in factories,
resulting in the view that they were
dirty.         Polish immigrants were also
very religious, establishing the Polish National
Church in the United States and many continue to
worship in it today.       All Jews are
shylocks.         As Jews came to the U.S.
they also were captured by the dream of economic
freedom and prosperity, as every immigrant was,
and thus it may appear as though their only
interest was in gaining money.         During
the late 19th century, 65 worked in the Dressing
and Textile industry, not in banking or as
moneylenders.
14
Famous Slavs!
Madeleine Albright Irving Berlin
Al Jolson Sophie Tucker Igor
Sikorsky Former U.S. Composer
The Worlds Comedian
Aircraft Engineer Secretary of State God Bless
America Greatest Entertainer
Samuel Goldwyn Natalie Wood
Sandra Dee Isaac Stern Lenny
Krayzelburg Paramount Pictures Actress
Actress
Violinist-Saved Olympic Swimmer Carnegie
Hall
15
Also the man who was killed by a bullet meant for
Franklin Delano Roosevelt and the parents of the
man who shot McKinley were Slavic immigrants.
  • Al

16
Credits
  • Alice Paul- where they emigrated from and reasons
    for leaving
  • Rachel Christensen- expectations and trends of
    immigration
  • Melissa Cotignola- where they settled and the
    jobs
  • Jenny Bayard- customs, famous people, and
    stereotypes
  • Alice, Rachel, Melissa- Personal Experiences

17
Bibliography
  • Alexander, June G. "Slovaks Abroad and the
    Diaspora." Slovakia.org. 5 Nov.
  • 2006lthttp//www.slovakia.org/sk-american.htmgt.
  • Antin, Mary "In Defense of the Immigrant," Annals
    of American History. lthttp//america.eb.com/ameri
    ca/article?articleId386621queryInDefen
  • seoftheImmigrationgt. November 7, 2006.
  • Celebrity Immigrants. American Immigration Law
    Foundation. 7 Nov. 2006 lthttp//www.ailf.org/nota
    ble/famous.htmgt 2002.
  • Distribution of Russian Immigrants in the United
    States. Fact On File, Inc. American
  • History Online. ltwww.fofweb.comgt
  • Gilman, Rose. Interview 1988. Ellis Island
    Records. ltwww.EllisIsland.orggt.
  • Kaiz, Lillian. Interview 1989. Ellis Island
    Records. ltwww.EllisIsland.orggt.
  • Schauffler, Robert Haven  " Scum o' the Earth,"
    Annals of American History. November 7, 2006.
    lthttp//america.eb.com/america/article?articleId
    384957query Scumo27theearthgt. 2006.
  • Peoples, Races, and Ethnicities in the U.S. 7
    Nov. 2006 lthttp//www.trivia-library.com/peoples-r
    aces-ethnicity- in-the-u.s..htmgt 2004.
  • Powell, John. Immigrant influence on
    entertainment. Encyclopedia of North American
    Immigration. Facts on File, Inc., 2005. Facts on
    File, Inc. American History Online.
    ltwww.fofweb.comgt.
  • Powell, John. "Polish immigration." Encyclopedia
    of North American Immigration. Facts On File,
    Inc., 2005. Facts On File, Inc. American History
    Online. ltwww.fofweb.comgt.
  • Powell, John. "Russian immigration." Encyclopedia
    of North American Immigration. Facts On File,
    Inc., 2005. Facts On File, Inc. American History
    Online. ltwww.fofweb.comgt.
  • Russian Immigrants. 7 Nov. 2006 lt
    http//www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk
    /USAErussia.htmgt N/A.
  • Shipman, Andrew J. "The Slavs in America."
    Catholic Encyclopedia. 2003. New Advent.
  • 5 Nov. 2006 lthttp//www.newadvent.org/cathen/140
    51a.htmgt.
  • United States. Census Bureau. 1990 Census. 1990.
    5 Nov. 2006
  • lthttp//www.slavism.com/slavs/usa.htmgt.
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