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The Renaissance

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The Renaissance Chapter 13 The Renaissance in Italy Section 1 Francesco Petrarch Italy Florence, Italy Florence Lorenzo Medici Perspective da Vinci Michelangelo Pieta ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Renaissance


1
The Renaissance
  • Chapter 13

2
The Renaissance in Italy
  • Section 1

3
Francesco Petrarch
4
Italy
5
Florence, Italy
6
Florence
7
Lorenzo Medici
8
Perspective
9
da Vinci
10
Michelangelo
11
Pieta
12
Sistine Chapel
13
Raphael
14
Baldassare Castiglione
15
Niccolo Machiavelli
16
The Renaissance in the North
  • Section 2

17
The Printing Revolution
  • Johann Gutenberg printed the first complete
    edition of the Bible using a printing press with
    movable type.
  • Before the printing press, only a few thousand
    books existed
  • By 1500, 15 to 20 million books existed.

18
The Printing Revolution
  • Printed books were cheaper
  • More people learned to read
  • Access to knowledge
  • New ideas and new places.

19
Northern Renaissance Artists
  • FlandersA region that included parts of
    present-day France, Belgium, and the Netherlands.

20
Flemish Painters
  • Jan van Eyck was an most important Flemish
    painter
  • Portrayed townspeople

21
  • Patrick Bruegel or Peasant Bruegel
  • Painted scenses of peasant life

22
  • Peter Paul Rubens
  • Portrayed themes in the bible and classical
    history.

23
Durer Leonardo of the North
  • Albrecht Durer was affected by the Renaissance of
    Italy.
  • In 1494 he traveled to Italy to study the Italian
    masters.
  • Applied painting techniques to engravingartists
    etches a design on a metal plate with acid and
    used the plate to make prints

24
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25
Northern Humanists and Writers
  • Desiderius Erasmus wrote texts on a number of
    subjects and used his knowledge of classical
    languages to produce a new Greek edition of the
    Bible.
  • Translated the bible into the vernacular
  • Helped spread the Renaissance to a wider public.

26
Sir Thomas Mores ideal Society
  • English humanist, Sir Thomas More, pressed for
    social reform
  • In Utopia, More describes an idea society in
    which men and women live in peace and harmony.

27
Rebelaiss Comic Masterpiece
  • French humanist Francois Rabelais wrote Gargantua
    and Pantagruel which chronicles the adventures of
    two gentle giants
  • A comic tail of travel and war.

28
Shakespeare Writes for All Time
  • Between 1590 and 1613, the English poet and
    playwright Shakespeare wrote 37 plays
  • His work explored the Renaissance ideals
  • Characters speak in language that common people
    can understand and appreciate.

29
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30
The Protestant Reformation
  • Section 3

31
95 Thesis
32
Pope Leo X
33
Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
34
John Calvin
35
Geneva, Switzerland
36
Reformation Ideas Spread
  • Section 4

37
An Explosion of Protestant Sects
  • As the reformation grew, so did Protestant sects.
  • Some sects had radical ideas
  • Rejecting infant baptisms
  • Anabaptists sought radical social change
  • Abolish private property
  • Most Anabaptists were peaceful
  • -Called for separation of church and state

38
The English Reformation
  • King Henry VIII broke English ties with the
    Catholic Church
  • Henry wanted a divorce from his wife Catherine of
    Argon but Catholic law does not permit divorces.
  • Pope refused to annul the marriage.

39
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40
Breaking with the Church
  • Henry decided to take over the Catholic Church in
    England
  • He appointed Thomas Cranmer archbishop of the new
    church and he annulled the Kings marriage.
  • Henry married Anne Boleyn which gave birth to a
    daughter Elizabeth.

41
Breaking with the church
  • In 1534 Parliament passes the Act of Supremacy,
    making Henry the only supreme head on Earth of
    the Church of England.

42
Strengthening the church of England
  • Henry closed Catholic monasteries and convents.
  • Took their land and give it to nobles and other
    high ranking citizens so secure their support for
    the new Anglican Church.
  • Although under a different name, Henry kept most
    catholic forms of worship.

43
Religious Turmoil
  • When Henry died his 9-year-old son Edward VI took
    the throne.
  • He took steps to make England a true Protestant
    country.

44
Religious Turmoil
  • When Edward dies his half-sister Mary Tudor
    became queen and was determined to return England
    to the Catholic faith

45
The Elizabethan Settlement
  • When Mary died the throne passed to 25-year-old
    Elizabeth who compromised between Protestant and
    Catholic practices.
  • The church preserved much catholic ritural but
    became a firm Protestant nation

46
The Catholic Reformation
  • During the 1530s and 1540s, the pope Paul III
    set out to revive the moral authority of the
    Church and roll back the Protestant tide.

47
Council of Trent
  • Pope called on the Council of Trent in 1545 which
    reaffirmed the traditional Catholic views that
    Protestants had challenged
  • The Council also took steps to end church abuses
  • Penalties for corruption among the clergy.

48
Founding the Jesuites
  • In 1540 the pope recognized a new religious
    order, the society of Jesus, or Jesuits founded
    by Ignatius of Loyola.
  • Spiritual and moral discipline, rigerous
    religious training, and absolute obedience to the
    Church
  • The Jesuits embarked on a crusade to defend and
    spread the Catholic fiath worldwide.

49
Legacy of the Catholic Reformation
  • By 1600, the majority if Europeans remained
    catholic.
  • Church abuses were reduced as charity flourished

50
Widespread Persecution
  • Both Catholic and Protestants fostered
    intolerance and persecuted radical sects like
    Anabaptists, people they thought were witches.
  • Between 1450 and 1750, tens of thousands of women
    and men died as victims of which hunts

51
Witch Hunts Persecution
  • Women were usually accused of being witches.
  • Witches practiced magic with the aid of the
    devil, thus witches were seen as anti-Christian.

52
Persecuting Jews
  • In Italy, Jews were pressured to convert to
    Christianity.
  • In 1516, Venice ordered Jews to live in a
    separate quarter of the city called the ghetto.
  • When the Reformation began and Jews refused to
    convert, Luther called them to be expelled and
    for their synagogues to be burned.

53
The Scientific Revolution
  • Section 5

54
Nicolaus Copernicus
55
Johannes Kepler
56
Galileo
57
Scientific Method
58
Robert Boyle
59
Isaac Newton
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