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The Use of the Bible in Home Education

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Title: The Use of the Bible in Home Education


1
The Use of the Bible in Home Education
  • Michael Goheen
  • Burnaby, B.C.

2
Three Roles of Bible in Home Education
  • Worldview context
  • Devotional book
  • Academic subject

3
  • Worldview The basic religious beliefs embedded
    in a shared story, which integrate and shape the
    whole of our individual and communal lives.

4
A worldview will . . .
  • Shape every part of family life including
    education
  • Provide the bigger context for the educational
    task
  • Shape purpose of education, curriculum, pedagogy,
    disciplines, etc.

5
  • The Bible . . .
  • . . . must shape every subject.

6
  • The place of the Bible in our task of studying
    the creation is not to give answers, but to guide
    us in our search for answers, to be the light by
    whose illumination we find answers in the
    creation itself.
  • -Stuart Fowler

7
Two Dangers
  • Dualism Scriptural authority is reduced to
    spiritual or theological or religious or moral
    issues
  • Biblicism Seeks data for sciences in Scripture

8
Authority of Scripture for Academic Disciplines
  • Shapes worldview
  • Gives relevant themes and norms

9
Themes and norms that give more specific direction
  • Natural sciences world as cosmos ordering word
    of God
  • Political sciences sovereignty of God God-given
    authority of government justice liberty peace
  • Sociology norms for family, marriage

10
Themes and norms (contd)
  • Psychology humankind as image of God fundamental
    unity of humankind as religious
    being
  • History kingdom of God human origin, purpose,
    destiny cultural mandate
    antithesis
  • Economics justice, stewardship ownership, work

11
Bible as Devotional Book
  • Pressure of immediate gratification
  • Empowered for task

12
  • Spiritual battle in educational task
  • Power of sin
  • Sin a seductive power, a damning power,
    an active dynamic and destructive force
  • Sin is a power that seeks to rule and ruin
    everyone and everything. (Berkouwer)
  • Power of the gospel
  • Rom.1.16 1 Cor.1.18

13
Bible as Devotional Book
  • Pressure of immediate gratification
  • Empowered for task
  • Need to refocus confessional eyesight

14
Role of chapel or devotions (or family worship?)
  • To provide an opportunity for the educational
    community to gather together as an academic body
    to refocus their confessional vision in worship
    of Jesus Christ and his kingdom as the goal,
    source, and standard of their academic work.

15
  • The primary purpose of chapel is to nourish the
    faith life and refocus the confessional vision of
    the educational community. The kingdom of God is
    the ultimate horizon and context in which we
    carry out our academic work. We do not
    automatically pursue that kingdom in our work it
    is vision that needs to be nourished.

16
  • The context of this worship is an academic
    community. That determines will determine the
    worship experience of the educational community.
    Chapel worship is to deepen our common commitment
    to carry out our academic calling in the light of
    the gospel.

17
  • Such listening together to Gods Word, singing,
    praying, and unitedly confessing our faith
    should take on an academic form as a liturgy for
    learning. These convocations should not be
    regarded as spiritual mountain-top retreats
    from the mundane realities of the classroom, but
    as a communal rallying-point, summoning students
    and teachers together to renewed dedication to
    the eye-opening experience for returning to
    readin, writing, rithmetic with renewed
    vision. It is a time for putting on the
    spectacles of Scripture anew so that in its light
    we may see more clearly in every branch of
    learning. (Gordon Spykman)

18
The Bible as Academic Subject Two
Misunderstandings
  • Biblical studies is automatically Christian
  • Bible is easier to teach than other subjects

19
Bible as Academic Subject
  • Theological reflection What is the Bible?
  • Hermeneutical reflection How do we interpret the
    Bible?
  • Pedagogical reflection How do we teach the Bible?

20
Theological Reflection What is the Bible?
  • Divinely authoritative message in human words
  • Redemptive intent

21
  • The Bible is the Word of God,
  • record and tool of his redeeming work.
  • It is the Word of Truth,
  • fully reliable in leading us
  • to know God and have life
  • in Jesus Christ
  • (Our World Belongs to God)

22
  • Record Narrates, recites Gods redemptive work
    and response of his people.
  • Tool Incorporates us into that redemption
    nourishes salvation gives us guidance in living
    out redemption.

23
  • Historical narrative narrates the history of
    redemption and calls for response revelation and
    invitation
  • Poetry nourishes our covenant faithfulness
  • Wisdom and law guide us in our covenant walk
  • Gospels witness to Jesus and call for faith
  • Epistles open up significance of gospel for life

24
Theological Reflection What is the Bible?
  • Divinely authoritative message in human words
  • Redemptive intent
  • Christological key

25
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26
Hermeneutical Reflection How Do We Interpret the
Bible?
  • Theological context
  • Literary context
  • Historical context

27
Skeleton of the Bible Historical Books
  • Tell one story of Gods redemptive acts in
    history

28
  • . . . the Bible provides us with an
    overarching narrative in which all other
    narratives of the world are nested. The Bible is
    the story of God. The story of the world is
    first and foremost the story of Gods activity in
    creating, sustaining, and redeeming the world to
    fulfill Gods purposes for it (Gerkin).

29
Bible as One Story
  • Act One God Establishes His Kingdom Creation
  • Act Two Rebellion in the Kingdom Fall
  • Act Three The King Chooses Israel Redemption
    Initiated
  • Scene One A People for the King
  • Scene Two A Land for the People
  • Interlude A Kingdom Story Waiting for
    an Ending The
    Intertestamental Period
  • Act Four The Coming of the King Redemption
    Accomplished
  • Act Five Spreading the News of the King The
    Churchs Mission
  • Scene One From Jerusalem to Rome
  • Scene Two To the Ends of the Earth
  • Act Six The Return of the King Redemption
    Completed

30
Danger!
  • Breaking up the Bible into little bitsmoral,
    sermon, theological, historical-critical,
    devotional
  • If we allow the Bible to become fragmented, it
    is in danger of being absorbed into whatever
    other story is shaping our culture, and it will
    thus cease to shape our lives as it should.
    Idolatry has twisted the dominant cultural story
    of the secular Western world. If as believers we
    allow this story (rather than the Bible) to
    become the foundation of our thought and action,
    then our lives will manifest no the truths of
    Scripture, but the lies of an idolatrous culture.
    Hence, the unity of Scripture is no minor matter
    a fragmented Bible may actually produce
    theologically orthodox, morally upright, warmly
    pious idol worshippers! (Drama of Scripture, 12)

31
Skeleton of the Bible Historical Books
  • Tell one story of Gods redemptive acts in
    history
  • Ultimate context for other books
  • . . . the Bible is essentially narrative in
    form. . . . It contains, indeed, much else
    prayer, poetry, legislation, ethical teaching,
    and so on. But essentially it is a story.
    (Newbigin)

32
Story of Gods Mission
  • The Bible renders to us the story of Gods
    mission through Gods people in their engagement
    with Gods world for the sake of the whole of
    Gods creation. (Chris Wright)

33
Story of mission
  • Gods mission Long term purpose to restore the
    whole creation and all of human life
  • Israels mission Embody Gods original
    creational purposes for the sake of the world
  • Jesus mission Reveal and accomplish Gods final
    redemptive purpose for the creation
  • Churchs mission Continue Jesus mission to make
    known the kingdom of God to the ends of the earth
    in life, word and deed

34
Redemptive-History Narrated from Four Standpoints
  • Mosaic (Genesis-Numbers)
  • Exilic (Joshua, Judges, Samuel, Kings)
  • Post-exilic (Ezra-Nehemiah, Chronicles)
  • Post-resurrection (New Testament)

35
Authors
  • Select (e.g., Jericho and Ai)
  • Arrange (e.g., David and Saul)
  • Interpret (e.g., Why cant Israel take the land?)
  • Emphasize (e.g., Omri and Ahab)

36
Literary Context
  • Literary structure
  • Literary genre

37
  • Understanding genre . . .
  • . . . will provide a reading strategy

38
Historical Context
  • What is the intent of the author?
  • How would the original audience understand the
    text?
  • What is the historical-cultural context?
  • How is my historical-cultural context shaping my
    interpretation?

39
Pedagogical Reflection
  • What can children handle at what age?
  • Story telling
  • Visual enforcement

40
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