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The Renaissance- Intellectual Themes and Italian Politics

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The Renaissance- Intellectual Themes and Italian Politics When, Where, and Why? 15th and 16th centuries Why Italy? Economic boom Decent position to serve as Asia ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Renaissance- Intellectual Themes and Italian Politics


1
The Renaissance- Intellectual Themes and Italian
Politics
  • When, Where, and Why?
  • 15th and 16th centuries
  • Why Italy?
  • Economic boom
  • Decent position to serve as Asia/European trading
    middle man
  • Relatively high of cities
  • Legacy of classical civilization
  • Influx of classical texts from the Arab/Muslim
    world (crusades)

2
The Renaissance
  • French, naissance.
  • Spanish nacimiento
  • Re- naissance???

3
The rebirth of what???
I think I will name my baby Greece Roman!
4
Intellectual Themes
  • Reason- Rational thought plus a willingness to
    challenge first principles (Perhaps we are as
    smart as the Greco-Romans!)
  • Humanism- the elevation of the human mind as a
    source for knowledge and critical thought (at
    least equal to the bible)
  • Aka secularism or individualism
  • Humanities- those things that you need to study
    to become a cultured individual
  • Medieval fields of study ? law, medicine and
    theology
  • Renaissance adds ? history, art, philosophy,
    rhetoric, etc.)
  • Education is necessary for good citizenship so
    increasingly non-clergy receive educations in the
    Renaissance

5
Renaissance Themes Didnt Sit Well With the Great
Chain of Being
  • Divine right/the Great Chain were not based on
    reason
  • Thus, reason threatened those in power

6
Key City States
  • Florence- started off the Renaissance and most of
    the time its brightest star
  • Rome- High Renaissance

7
Internal Politics in the Italian City States
  • They Started out with an advantage ? free of
    Feudalism/the Chain
  • At this point they were Communes run by guilds
    (collections of workers organized by trade)
  • Then ? Urban nobility v popolo
  • Nobility in the surrounding countryside moved
    into the city-states to intermarry with newly
    rich merchants
  • These Urban nobles clashed with workers (who
    were referred to as the popolo (the people)
  • Popolo often won at first and set up short-lived
    Republics
  • These were unstable, largely because the leaders
    of the Republics quickly started to abuse their
    own power and couldnt maintain order
  • Wealthy elites used anger at the Republican
    governments to return to power- these elites were
    known as Signori. They were oligarchs. (An
    oligarchy is a rule by a small elite).

8
(cont.)
  • Signori/Oligarchs used façades of classical
    government
  • Why?
  • Wealth of oligarchs, via patronage, which refers
    to financial encouragement and support, spurred
    cultural growth
  • De Medicis in Florence
  • Sforzas in Milan
  • Balance of power/Ambassadors

9
External Italian Politics are Important, too
  • Balance of power pro- stability and cultural
    vibrancy in city-states
  • Balance of power con- not strong enough to stand
    up to foreign invasion
  • Habsburg- Valois Wars
  • Fight between the Holy Roman Emperor (a Habsburg)
    and the French (a Valois) for the spoils of the
    Italian city states
  • Rome was even sacked by a Habsburg leader
  • (Habsburgs) eventually ended up with most of the
    Italian city states (Italy wont exist as a
    country until the mid to late 19th century)

10
The Northern Renaissance
  • The Italian Renaissance was extinguished by the
    Habsburg-Valois Wars, but the invaders were
    conquered by Renaissance ideas
  • Or, the Renaissance crossed the Alps
  • Northern Renaissance
  • Mainly in the HRE, the Netherlands, England, and
    France
  • More religious - Christian Humanists
  • Hoped to reform society (government, education,
    etc.) to more accurately reflect ethics as taught
    by Jesus
  • Example- Erasmus more accurate translation of
    the New Testament from Greek
  • Erasmus believed that the bible should be
    accessible to everyone thus education was
    important

11
  • The End

12
Hansen Name _____________________AP Euro
Period _________ The Renaissance-
Intellectual Themes and Italian Politics (Lecture
1) Note-Taking Guide
  • ? Renaissance Themes Didnt Sit Well With
    _________________
  • Divine right/the Great Chain were not
    _________________
  • Thus, reason threatened those in power
  • ? Key City States
  • _________- started off the Renaissance and most
    of the time its brightest star
  • _________- High Renaissance
  • ? Internal Politics in the Italian City States
  • They Started out with an advantage ?
    ________________ _________________________________
    ______________
  • At this point they were _____________ run by
    guilds (_________________________________________
    __________________________________________)
  • Then ? Urban nobility v popolo
  • Nobility in the surrounding countryside moved
    into the city-states to __________________________
    _______ __________________________________________
    _
  • These Urban nobles clashed with ________ (who
    were referred to as the popolo
    (________________)
  • Popolo often won at first and set up
    ______________ ___________________________________
    ________
  • These were unstable, largely because the leaders
    of the Republics quickly started to
    __________________ ___________________ and
    couldnt ______________ __________________________
    _________________
  • Wealthy elites used anger at the Republican
    governments ______________________ - these elites
    were known as Signori. They were oligarchs.
    (An oligarchy is _______________________________).
  • ?When, Where, and Why?
  • _____th and _____th centuries
  • Why Italy?
  • Economic boom
  • _____________________________________
    _____________________________________
  • Relatively high of ___________________________
  • Legacy of __________________________________
  • Influx of classical texts from ___________________
    _ _________________________________________
  • The name Renaissance? ___________________
    __________________________________________
  • ?When, Where, and Why?
  • Reason- _______________________________________
    ____________________________________________
    (Perhaps we are as smart as the Greco-Romans!)
  • Humanism- ____________________________________
    ______________________________________________
    (at least equal to the bible)
  • Aka ________________or __________________
  • Humanities- those things that you need to study
    to become _________________________
  • Medieval fields of study ? law, medicine,
    theology
  • Renaissance adds ? ________________________
    _____________________________________, etc.)

13
Hansen Name _____________________AP Euro
Period _________ The Renaissance-
Intellectual Themes and Italian Politics (Lecture
1) Note-Taking Guide
  • ? The Northern Renaissance
  • The Italian Renaissance was __________________ by
    the Habsburg-Valois Wars, but the invaders were
    ____________ _____________________________________
    ___________
  • Or, the Renaissance crossed __________________
  • Northern Renaissance
  • Mainly in the __________ , the Netherlands,
    England, and France
  • ________________- Christian Humanists
  • Hoped to reform society (government, education,
    etc.) to more accurately reflect ethics as taught
    by Jesus
  • Example- ______________________________
    ______________________________________
  • Erasmus believed that the bible should be
    _______________________________ thus
    _________________ was important
  • Signori/Oligarchs used façades of classical
    government
  • Why? _____________________________________
    __________________________________________
  • Wealth of oligarchs, via ________________________,
    which refers to _________________________________
    _____________________________ spurred cultural
    growth
  • De Medicis in ______________
  • Sforzas in _________________
  • Balance of power/Ambassadors
  • __________________________________________________
    __________________________________
  • ? ____________________Italian Politics are
    Important, too
  • Balance of power pro- ___________________________
    ______________________________________________
  • Balance of power con- ___________________________
    ______________________________________________
  • Habsburg- Valois Wars
  • Fight between the __________________________ (a
    Habsburg) and ___________________________ (a
    Valois) for the spoils of the Italian city states
  • _________________________by a Habsburg leader
  • Habsburgs eventually ended up with most of the
    Italian city states (__________________________
    __________________________________________)
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