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A COMMON EUROPEAN INTEGRATION POLICY

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Title: A COMMON EUROPEAN INTERGATION POLICY IN SWEDEN? Author: Christian R bergh Last modified by: kla Created Date: 11/19/2009 9:11:11 AM Document presentation ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: A COMMON EUROPEAN INTEGRATION POLICY


1
A COMMON EUROPEAN INTEGRATION POLICY IN SWEDEN?
  • LOOKING BACK
  • SWEDEN TRANSFORMED
  • A COMMON EUROPEAN FRAMEWORK?
  • CEAS A SWEDISH U-TURN!
  • INTEGRATION POLICY A SWEDISH J -TURN?
  • TESTING
  • THE STOCKHOLM PROGRAMME

2
LOOKING BACK
  • 1992
  • Theme Carl Bertelsmann Prize Progressive
    immigration and integration policy
  • Winner Kingdom of Sweden
  • The Swedish government started reacting to
    clashes with other cultures in the mid-1970s with
    realistic legislation supported by all parties,
    which made it possible to consistently integrate
    foreign-born citizens. Key elements of the
    country's integration policy include equal access
    for foreigners to the Swedish social welfare
    system and full integration into communities.

3
SWEDEN TRANSFORMED FOREIGN-BORN POPULATION IN
SWEDEN 1900-2001
4
SWEDEN TRANSFORMED EMPLOYMENT RATE TOTAL
POPULATION AND FOREIGN CITIZENS
5
SWEDEN TRANSFORMED Population forecast. Age
group 20-34 years Malmö and Sweden. Index year
2000100
6
...AND TALKING ABOUT INTEGRATION
  • If we gathered up all statements made in Sweden
    about labour market integration over the last ten
    years, the amount and width in content would be
    enormous. If the relevant backdrop of the broader
    integration debate was to be included, the volume
    would be even bigger.

7
Assimilation Social enginering/Social democrat Structural discrimination Social/neoliberal Value-oriented
Problem/ causes Poor migration management Excessive immigration Cultural differences Failed integration policy Unemployment Failed Introduction programmes Not enough measures Structural discrimination, Segregation Disguised assimilation policy Failed integration policy Market failure/ imperfections High social benefits Differences in culture, values and norms Gender equality Traditional, modern, postmodern
Key concepts Assimilation National identity Diversity Integration two way process Political interventions Measures Othering Us and them Racialisation Intersectionality Freedom of choice, own responsability/ empowerment Work line Exclusion Basic values Religion Culture
Measures/policy proposals Radical measures Swedifica tion Strict migration policy Diversity a threat More of the same Labour market measures/ALMP Diversity policy Radical institutional changes Affirmative action Deregulation Lower thresholds to labour market Lower benefits Intercultural/ Interreligious dialogue Civic education Test?
Reborn Regrouping Passed its peak? Current star? Emerging?
8
EUROPEAN INTEGRATION POLICY
  • TAMPERE 1999
  • THE HAGUE 2004
  • 11 CBPs
  • POTSDAM 2007
  • COM PRINCIPLES ON MIGRATION
  • THE FRENCH PACT
  • VICHY 2008
  • STOCKHOLM 2009

9
EUROPEAN INTEGRATION POLICY
  • COMMON BASIC PRINCIPLES FOR INTEGRATION
  • 1. Integration is a dynamic, two-way process of
    mutual accommodation by all immigrants and
    residents of Member States.
  • 2. Integration implies respect for the basic
    values of the European Union.
  • 4. Basic knowledge of the host societys
    language, history, and institutions is
    indispensable to integration.

10
EUROPEAN INTEGRATION POLICY
  • 7. Frequent interaction between immigrants and
    Member State citizens is a fundamental mechanism
    for integration. Shared forums, inter-cultural
    dialogue, education about immigrants and
    immigrant cultures, and stimulating living
    conditions in urban environments enhance the
    interactions between immigrants and Member State
    citizens.
  • 8. The practice of diverse cultures and religions
    is guaranteed under the Charter of Fundamental
    Rights and must be safeguarded, unless practices
    conflict with other inviolable European rights or
    with national law.
  • 9. The participation of immigrants in the
    democratic process and in the formulation of
    integration policies and measures, especially at
    the local level, supports their integration.

11
EUROPEAN INTEGRATION FUND
  • PRIOS SWEDEN
  • Intercultural and inter-religious dialogue
  • Orientation and civic education basic values
  • Family upbringing socialisation alternative
    arenas/networks
  • Informal integration and care systems incentive
    structures
  • Crime, class, culture and ethnicity

12
EUROPEAN INTEGRATION FUND
  • The financial scope of the Fund in Sweden is
    limited and should therefore be restricted to
    projects within a number of defined and thus far
    unaddressed or little observed problems and
    development areas
  • Swedish integration policy has been the subject
    of a relatively large number of investigations,
    research studies and reviews during the past
    decade. Past integration policy has not achieved
    the objectives established by Parliament.
  • Swedish integration policy has only marginally
    been influenced by the development and debate
    taking place in this area in the rest of Europe.
  • During the past decade, the knowledge base and
    explanatory model that are part of Swedens
    integration policy supported by investigations
    and research has only marginally taken into
    account cultural and religious factors as an
    underlying cause of potential conflicts.

13
TESTING AND NEW DEMANDS
  • FRANCE CONTRACT DACCUEIL ET DINTÉGRATION
  • THE NETHERLANDS TEST BEFORE ENTRANCE
  • GERMANY LEITKULTUR, NEW LAW, TEST
  • THE UK BRITISHNESS

14
THE NETHERLANDS
  • HOW WOULD YOU REACT IF YOUR SON WAS HOMOSEXUAL
    AND WANTED TO LIVE TOGETHER WITH AN OTHER MAN?
  • WOULD YOU ALLOW YOUR CHILD TO ATTEND SWIMMING
    LESSONS?
  • DO YOUT THINK THAT WOMEN SHALL OBEY THEIR
    HUSBANDS AND THAT IS ALLOWED FOR THE HUSBANDS TO
    USE VIOLENCE IF THEY DONT OBEY?

15
EUROPEAN YEAR FOR INTERCULTURAL DIALOGUE
  • CULTURE AS ARTS
  • CULTURE AS AN EXPRESSION FOR VALUES, CUSTOMS
    AND TRADITIONS, LANGUAGE, NORMS
  • EDUCATION AND UPBRINGING
  • LIFESTYLE AND MANNERS
  • EY 2008 A BETTER COMMUNICATION AND
    UNDERSTANDING BETWEEN CITIZENS, CULTURES AND
    RELIGIONS IN EUROPE

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20
INTRODUCTION SWEDEN
  • NEW INTRODUCTION PROGRAM FOR NEWLY ARRIVED
    (REFUGEES)
  • CHANGE OF RESPONSABILITES AND ROLES
  • COORDINATION PILOTS PRIVATE COMPANIES
  • COMPETITION AND INCENTIVES CARROTS AND STICKS
  • MORE FUNDING?
  • MANDATORY CIVICS ORIENTATION COURSES

21
GOOD AND BAD DIVERSITY
  • Sweden is, and shall be, a country of diversity.
    Diversity enriches and develops all of us living
    in Sweden. But we can not se all diversity as
    positive, it has to be very clear that all
    diversity is not for good.
  • It is reasonable, that if you move to another
    country, you should also be prepared to get to
    know how the new country functions and which are
    the values that characterizes the society.
  • Minister for integration and equal opportunities
    Ms Nyamko Sabuni

22
ACCEPT AND BE ACCEPTED
  • We have to dare to speak out about which values
    and rules we want to characterise an
    internationalised Sweden.
  • Accept and be accepted is a more reasonable
    principle for newly arrived migrants and asylum
    seekers than empty promises of being supported by
    those already living here.
  • This way we will give to the children whose
    parents migrated to Sweden in the hope of a
    better life.   (Billström, Kristersson
    Svantesson, Dagens Nyheter, August 26, 2008) 

23
A STRENGTHENED SHARED SET OF VALUES IN SWEDEN
  • Govs project
  • STRENGHTEN THE SOCIAL COHESION AND THE RESPECT
    BETWEEN INDIVIDUALS AND ENHANCE THE KNOWLEDGE
    ABOUT AND THE RESPECT FOR DEMOCRACY AND HUMAN
    RIGHTS
  •   Basic premise Human rights and those universal
    values which are associated with these
    rights.   Work and self-sufficiency are
    fundamental to people's security and thereby
    sense of belonging to a larger context and being
    a valuable part thereof.   Economic growth and
    labour market policies are important tools in
    combating exclusion.   Taking a clear stand
    against attitudes and behaviour which are not
    compatible with our common set of values -
    democracy and fundamental human rights.

24
SWEDEN TRANSFORMED
  • SWEDEN SOCIAL AND CULTURAL DRIVING LICENCE,
    BASIC VALUES, WHAT IT TAKES TO LIVE IN THE
    SWEDISH SOCIETY
  • MANDATORY SOCIAL/CIVICS ORIENTATION COURSES
  • TESTS IN LANGUAGE AND CIVICS FOR CITIZENSHIP
  • NATIONALISTIC AND XENOPHOBIC POLITICAL PARTY

25
STOCKHOLM PROGRAMME
  • A joint coordination mechanism that would support
    the efforts of Member States using a common
    reference framework could be developed
  • through the development of a joint coordination
    mechanism using a common reference framework,
    which should improve structures and tools for
    European knowledge exchange,
  • The crucial role played by the schoolsespecially
    those offering educational models that espouse
    European values should be highlighted
  • elements such as introductory courses and
    language classes, a strong commitment by the host
    community and the active participation of
    immigrants in all aspects of collective life

26
STOCKHOLM PROGRAMME
  • breaking down the boundaries with other policies
    such as education, training, culture, employment,
    youth and multilingualism
  • to improve coordination with other relevant
    policies, such as employment, education and
    social inclusion
  • ------
  • Access to employment is central to successful
    integration
  • development of common indicators for evaluating
    integration policies
  • towards the development of core indicators in a
    limited number of relevant policy areas (e.g.
    employment, education and social inclusion) for
    monitoring the results of integration policies,
    in order to increase the comparability of
    national experiences and reinforce the European
    learning process

27
STOCKHOLM PROGRAMME
  • SWEDEN
  • INDICATORS, MAINSTREAMING, CO-ORDINATION WITH
    OTHER POLICY AREAS, EMPLOYMENT, LABOUR MARKET
    ISSUES/POLICY,
  • ACTION PLAN 2010 (ES)

28
J-TURN?
  • SWEDEN
  • speaks with a forked tongue?
  • SP EMPLOYMENT, INDICATORS, MAINSTREAMING
  • NP VALUES, TESTS CIVIC EDUCATION, CITIZENSHIP
  • SPECIFIC MEASURES FOR MIGRANTS
  • RELIGION, CULTURE
  • ASSIMILATION POLICY?

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