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Comparing Art Forms of Ancient Rome

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By: Jason A., Nicky K., and Andy H. Roman Mosaics What it looked like Portrait covered in shed tiles Made from stone and glass Put it in soft mortar to keep from ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Comparing Art Forms of Ancient Rome


1
Comparing Art Forms of Ancient Rome China
  • By Jason A., Nicky K., and Andy H.

2
Roman Mosaics
  • What it looked like
  • Portrait covered in shed tiles
  • Made from stone and glass
  • Put it in soft mortar to keep from falling apart

Kolk, Melinda. 018lullingstone01.jpg. September
2006. Pics4Learning. 18 May 2012
http//pics.tech4learning.com
3
Materials Used
  • Cut stone, glass, tiles, and shells into pieces
    and placed on mosaic
  • Called tesserae or tessellate
  • Used limestone for white and blue, brick or tile
    for red and purple, glass or ceramics for other
    colors

Carey, Chris. suna17.jpg. 1-May. Pics4Learning.
18 May 2012 lthttp//pics.tech4learning.comgt
4
Why was it made?
  • To show what life was like, peoples jobs, and to
    tell stories
  • Was popular again in the mid and late 1500s in
    two cites(Rome and Florence)
  • Also used to put on walls, ceilings, floors,
    pavements, and even on furniture

5
Chinese Paintings
  • What they looked like
  • Covered in magnificent handwriting(calligraphy)
  • Painted pictures of people, animals, spirits, and
    abstract designs
  • Painted landscapes with tall mountains and huge
    views of water
  • Painted scenes from history
  • Tried to make people real and very solid
  • Painted wildlife
  • Tried to convey the spirit of a place

6
Materials Used
  • Sometimes called scrolls
  • Used a flexible brush
  • Silk or paper support
  • A stick of ink

http//commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File27Landscap
e27,_painting_by_Chai_Ta-k27un.jpg
7
Why was it made?
  • Used to protect the dead or to get their souls to
    heaven
  • Showed scenes of daily life
  • Illustrated Chinese philosopher Conficiouss
    teachings
  • Artists from the Tang Dynasty (618-906) outlined
    figures with black lines, used unique colors, and
    extordinary details

http//commons.wikimedi.org/wiki/FileLandscape_pa
inting_in_the_Chinese_style_by_ShC3BBgetsu,_Hono
lulu_Academy_of_Arts.jpg
8
Comparison of Roman Mosaics and Chinese Paintings
9
Roman Pottery
  • What did their pottery look like?
  • many decorations and colors
  • decorated with detailed designs and covered with
    white glaze
  • had holes on bottom to drain liquid
  • different designs on different pots (zigzags)
  • red pottery was popular
  • some made from cameo glass

http//www.worldbookonline.com/digitallibraries/ea
rlypeoples/article?idar837259
10
Materials Used
  • Used many different materials
  • Used hands to press clay into molds
  • Wetted clay with water, molded it, and dried it
    in the sun
  • Made some pottery from cameo glass
  • Developed pottery wheel
  • Used kilns to harden the clay

11
Why was it made?
  • Made it for religious purposes
  • Put images on pottery to show Iberians with fine
    embroidery
  • Used it for trade
  • It tells stories and myths
  • Used to carry wine and olive oil
  • Used it to make their cups, plates, and bowls

http//www.marshallcavendishdigital.com/articledis
play/17/4455/46027/img_11531
12
Chinese Pottery
  • Made many kinds of art forms, like porcelain
  • Porcelain is a hard and white pottery vase thats
    translucent
  • Made black containers called eggshell pots
  • Painted with red, white, and black designs and a
    grayish-green glaze
  • Decorated with geometric decorations as well as
    pictures of animals and human faces
  • Also include cordlike surface patterns

http//www.marshallcavendishdigital.com/articledis
playresult/17/4634/47421
13
Materials Used
  • To make porcelains, they used kaolin and
    pestunste
  • To give pottery color, they glaze made from lead
    oxide
  • Made the first paints and dyes from rocks and
    berries mixed with water
  • To make their pottery, they uesd a white clay
  • To shape it, they used the pottery wheel
  • To harden it, they used kilns

http//www.marshallcavendishdigital.com/articledis
playresult/52/10756/111448
14
Why was it made?
  • Put food and water in them to transport it safely
  • Used its materials to make statues that guard
    their afterlife emperor
  • Made it to show off their art skills
  • Used old pieces from old pots to make brand-new
    ones
  • They ranked high among most beautiful in the
    world
  • Used it to make shaping methods

http//www.marshallcavendishdigital.com/articledis
playresult/6/3611/36357
15
http//www.marshallcavendishdigital.com/articledis
playresult/17/4463/46084
Roman
Chinese
  • Mostly made from a white clay.
  • Made glaze to decorate pots
  • A bluish-green glaze was the richest color of
    glaze.
  • Glaze and clay.
  • Both shape clay with water and minerals.
  • Pottery wheels
  • kilns
  • Used pottery to decorate Etruscan temples.
  • Ornalety decorated pots only belonged to rich
    people.
  • People who made it were very skilled at it.

16
Roman Sculpture
  • What did it look like?
  • Related to Greek art forms
  • Lifelike
  • Statues of gods/goddesses and/or kings and
    emperors
  • Leaders
  • Explained military campaigns on tall columns

17
Materials Used
  • Bronze , terra cotta, or clay
  • Jade
  • Marble
  • Metal

18
Why was it made?
  • Encouraged Greek artists to make Roman sculpture
  • To worship Roman gods and goddesses, or rulers
  • Used some to celebrate the altar of peace of Rome
    by Octavian Augustus
  • Very interested in showing historical events
    experienced by Rome
  • Did it to earn a lot of money

19
Chinese Sculpture
  • What it looked like
  • Sharp, clear forms
  • Sculptures emphasized graceful lines
  • Head right size for the body
  • Legs, arms were the right length
  • Terra Cotta army men up to five feet to eight
    inches
  • Soldiers are different.
  • Some soldiers on horses

20
Materials Used
  • Bronze vessels
  • Lacquerware
  • Jade
  • Taotie
  • Terra Cotta

http//commons.wikimedia.org/http//commons.wikime
dia.org/w/index.php?searchchinesesculpturebutto
ntitleSpecial3ASearchwiki/Main_Page
21
Why was it made?
  • Represented folk gods and goddesses
  • Ceremonies
  • Rituals
  • To protect King Huang Dis tomb and him
  • Used vessels of bronze for wine and grain
  • Religious Beliefs
  • To honor an important leader
  • To work for Chinese patrons
  • Money

http//commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/FileStatue_Qin.
JPG
22
Comparison of Roman and Chinese Sculpture
http//www.worldbookonline.com/digitallibraries/ea
rlypeoples/article?idar836950
23
Conclusion
  • In our project, we compared Rome and China
    through their mosaics, paintings, pottery, and
    sculptures. These art forms were used for many
    different reasons. For example, mosaics and
    paintings both showed scenes of daily life.
    Pottery was used for many religious purposes in
    Rome and China. Lastly, sculptures encouraged
    people to work for Roman or Chinese patrons. We
    think their art forms were very different from
    each other because theyre on different
    continents and have different cultures and ideas.

24
Bibliography
  • Artsculpturehttp//www.worldbookonline.com/digita
    llibraries/earlypeoples/article?idar836950 April
    24th, 2012
  • "Art." Exploring Ancient Civilizations.
    Marshall Cavendish Digital, 2012. Web. 24 April
    2012. lthttp//www.marshallcavendishdigital.com/art
    icledisplay/17/4514/46509gt.
  • "Celts." Exploring Ancient Civilizations.
    Marshall Cavendish Digital, 2012. Web. 30 April
    2012. lthttp//www.marshallcavendishdigital.com/art
    icledisplay/17/4622/47306gt.
  • "Cheng." Exploring Ancient Civilizations.
    Marshall Cavendish Digital, 2012. Web. 30 April
    2012. lthttp//www.marshallcavendishdigital.com/art
    icledisplay/17/4489/46294gt.
  • China, Early History of." Ancient and Medieval
    World. Marshall Cavendish Digital, 2012. Web. 24
    April 2012. lthttp//www.marshallcavendishdigital.c
    om/articledisplay/52/10727/110892gt. 
  • Chris, Peter P., Ancient Rome, Chicago and
    Illinois, World Book Inc., 2000.
  • Clare, John D., Classical Rome, Great Britain,
    Random House UK, 199.
  • "Corinth." Exploring Ancient Civilizations.
    Marshall Cavendish Digital, 2012. Web. 24 April
    2012lthttp//www.marshallcavendishdigital.com/artic
    ledisplay/17/4589/47062gt.
  • "Etruscans." Exploring Ancient Civilizations.
    Marshall Cavendish Digital, 2012. Web. 26 April
    2012. lthttp//www.marshallcavendishdigital.com/art
    icledisplay/17/4483/46243gt.

25
Bibliography (continued)
  • Gates Jr., William, Pottery, World Book, 2004,
    vol. 15, p. 921.
  • Hay, John, and Robert D. Mowry. Chinese Art and
    Architecture. Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia.
    Grolier Online, 2012. Wed. 27 Apr. 2012.
  • "Iron Age." Ancient and Medieval World.
    Marshall Cavendish Digital, 2012. Web. 24 April
    2012. lthttp//www.marshallcavendishdigital.com/art
    icledisplay/52/10752/111379gt.
  • "Japan, Emergence of." Ancient and Medieval
    World. Marshall Cavendish Digital, 2012. Web. 24
    April 2012. lthttp//www.marshallcavendishdigital.c
    om/articledisplay/52/10756/111445gt.
  • "Japan." Exploring Ancient Civilizations.
    Marshall Cavendish Digital, 2012. Web. 24 April
    2012. lthttp//www.marshallcavendishdigital.com/art
    icledisplay/17/4447/45976gt. 
  • Keefe, John Webster. "Mosaic." World Book
    Student. World Book, 2012. Web. 23 Apr. 2012.
  • Kolk, Melinda. 018lullingstone01.jpg. September
    2006. Pics4Learning. 18 May 2012
    http//pics.tech4learning.com
  • MacDonald, Fiona, 100 Things about Rome, New
    York, Barnes and Nobles, 2003

26
Bibliography (continued)
  • Marjorie S. Venit, Michael Plante, Valerie Lind
    Hedquist, and Vernon Hyde Minor. "Painting."
    World Book Student. World Book, 2012. Web. 30
    Apr. 2012.
  • "Metal, Glass, and Pottery." Early Peoples.
    World Book, 2012. Web. 30 Apr. 2012.
  • Minnis Ivan, You are in Ancient China, Chicago,
    Raintree, 2005
  • "Music and Dance." Exploring Ancient
    Civilizations. Marshall Cavendish Digital, 2012.
    Web. 24 April 2012. lthttp//www.marshallcavendishd
    igital.com/articledisplay/17/4661/47624gt.
  • Nice, Alex, Sculpture and Painting, World Book,
    2010, vol.16, p.442-443.
  • "Pottery." Exploring Ancient Civilizations.
    Marshall Cavendish Digital, 2012. Web. 23 April
    2012. lthttp//www.marshallcavendishdigital.com/art
    icledisplay/17/4463/46084gt.
  • "Pottery." Growing Up with Science. Marshall
    Cavendish Digital, 2012. Web. 23 April 2012.
    lthttp//www.marshallcavendishdigital.com/articledi
    splay/6/3611/36357gt.
  • Rogers, Quinton, Sculpture, World Book, 2003,
    vol. 17, p.228-260.
  • Roman, Mosaics, and Sculpture http//www.worldbook
    online.com/digitallibraries/earlypeoples/article?i
    dar837258 April 26th
  • Science." Exploring Ancient Civilizations.
    Marshall Cavendish Digital, 2012. Web. 23 April
    2012. lthttp//www.marshallcavendishdigital.com/art
    icledisplay/17/4498/46382gt.

27
Bibliography (continued)
  • worldbookonline.com/digitallibraries/earlypeoples/
    article?idar837259
  • worldbookonline.com/digitallibraries/earlypeoples/
    article?idar836950 April 27th
  • worldbookonline.com/digitallibraries/earlypeoples/
    media?idpc333946
  • worldbookonline.com/digitallibraries/earlypeoples/
    article?idar836951
  • worldbookonline.com/student/article?idar497440st
    ancientchinesesculptures Mon. April 30th 2012
  • worldbookonline.com/digitallibraries/earlypeoples/
    media?idpc333946
  • Artwork on Slide 4 was created by Nicky K.

28
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