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Chapter One

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Chapter One Introducing Psychology – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter One


1
Chapter One
  • Introducing
  • Psychology

2
Journal Entry 1 What do hope to gain
from taking this class?
Minimum of 100 words
3
Psychology is
  • the scientific study of behavior and
  • mental (cognitive) processes
  • a science that can involve both animals and
    humans
  • when applied to humans covers everything people
    think (cognitive), feel (emotional) and do
    (physical)

4
Ruths Lunch Experience
5
Hungry-----------(Physiological)
Cafeteria------(Learned Behavior)
Only Time in Schedule(Cognitive)
6
Enters the cafeteria Smells food
Hears dishes clanging..(Sensory
Perceptions) Pays for
lunch..(Learned Behavior) Looks for a social
group..finds no one and sits alone
(Acceptable Norms/Social Rules)

7
Gary enters the cafeteria.
Sits with Ruth(Social Rule/Acceptable
norm) Ruth rememberd past experience..(Cognitiv
e) Became Angry..(Emotional
Response) Said, NO(Behavioral
Response) Felt bad and Depressed.(Psychologica
l Disturbance) Left the cafeteria..(Physical
Action)
8
Psychologists are always asking questions..
9
Must combine accumulated knowledge to come to a
psychological conclusion!!!!
9
Goals Of Psychology
  • Describe
  • Explain
  • Predict
  • Influence

10
Describe
  • the first goal for any psychologist is to first
    describe or gather information about the
    behaviors displayed

11
Explain
  • Psychologists seek to explain why people do what
    they do..these are presented as a
  • Hypothesis

Theory
testing
A complex explanation based on finds from a
large number of experimental studies
An educated guess A testable prediction that is
tested through scientific research
12
Predicting
  • Psychologists after gathering data try to predict
    what the subject will do in the future..what
    they will think or feel in various situations
  • by studying the past they try to predict the
    future

13
Influence
Basic Science (Research) The pursuit of
knowledge about natural phenomena for its own
sake (specific findings from one time and one
place)
  • Some psychologists upon realization of the
    problem or behavior in question, seek to
    influence or change that behavior in a positive
    way

Applied Science Using scientific findings to
accomplish practical goals
x
Psychology Relies on Observation..
14
Psychology Relies on Observation
and Interpretation
15
Observe the following works of art. Describe what
is unusual about each work. What do you think
the artists was trying to say to the viewer in
each work.
16
Rene Magritte
The Human Condition
17
(No Transcript)
18
(No Transcript)
19
OBSERVATION Position yourself so that you can
see into the hallway. For the next 5
minutes record everything you observe. (all
senses) Avoid any value judgments or inferences
about physical appearance or behavior just
observe.
20
Journal Entry 2
Do you think psychologists can learn everything
they need to know about people by observing
only their behaviors? Why or why not?
21
Scientific Method
  • In order to be credible
  • psychologists must rely on the Scientific
    Method of collecting data the use of various
    methods to accurately and consistently collect
    data.Methods which do not vary between studies

22
The Scientific Method
Question
Hypothesis
Experiment
Results
Conclusions
Theory
Other psychologists test their theories
23
Chapter 1 Section 2
A Brief History of Psychology
24
600 B.C. Philosophers begin to attempt to interpret the world and human perceptions Mid 1500s Copernicus uses Observation- Earth not the center of the universe 1600s many philosophers believed the mind and body to be separate Duelism
1650 Rene Descartes proposed a link between mind and body 1800s discovery of cells (Modern Science) Building Blocks of Life Periodic table of elements and understanding of atomic forces.
25
Hippocrates Men ought to know that from The
brain and the brain only, Arises our pleasures,
joys, laughter And jests, as well as our
sorrows Pains, grief and tears
  • Which psychological pioneer would
  • be most likely to agree with Hippocrates?
  • Which would be the least likely to agree with
  • Hippocrates?

26
Modern science began to emerge by combining
Philosophers reflections, logic and
mathematics with observations and inventiveness
of practical people.
27
Subject Psychopath Test for fun!       While
at the funeral of her own mother, a woman met a
man whom she did not know.  She thought he was
amazing. She believed him to be her dream
partner so much so that she fell in love with
him right then and there, but never thought to
ask him for his number.  She could not find him.
    A few days later she killed her sister.    
QUESTION  What was her motive for killing her  
  Give this some thought before you answer.  
28
  ANSWER  She was hoping the guy would appear
again at her sisters funeral.       If you
answered this correctly, you think like a
psychopath.  This was a test developed by a
famous American psychologist, used to test if one
has the same mentality as a killer.  Many
arrested serial killers took part in the test and
answered the question correctly.       If you
didnt answer the question correctly, good for
you. If you did answer correctly it is no
guarantee that you will be a serial killer..THIS
IS JUST FOR FUN!
29
Wilhelm Wundt (late 18-early-1900s)
  • Designed and developed the first Psychology lab
  • Proposed the psychological experiences had two
    elements 1. sensations
  • 2. feelings
  • Used the procedure of Introspection to collect
    data
  • Established Psychology as a formal field of study

30
Psychology- Chapter 1 Sec. 2
Provide a written definition and drawing
illustrating the following Terms
Structuralism is_________________ ________________
______________ ______________________________ ____
__________________________
Functionalism is_________________ _______________
_______________ ______________________________ ___
___________________________
31
Inheritable Traits in relation to Psychology
refers to ______________________________ ________
______________________ ___________________________
___ ______________________________ _______________
_______________
Gestalt Psychology is____________ _______________
_______________ ______________________________ ___
___________________________ ______________________
________ ______________________________
32
Psychoanalytic Psychology is _____________________
________ _____________________________ ___________
__________________ _____________________________ _
____________________________
Behavioral Psychology is________ _______________
_______________ ______________________________ ___
___________________________ ______________________
________ ______________________________
33
Humanistic Psychology is__________ _______________
________________ _______________________________ _
______________________________ ___________________
____________ _______________________________
Cognitive Psychology is_________ _______________
_______________ ______________________________ ___
___________________________ ______________________
________ ______________________________
34
Biological Psychology is _________________________
____ _____________________________ _______________
______________ _____________________________ _____
________________________
Sociocultural Psychology is______ ______________
________________ ______________________________ __
____________________________ _____________________
_________ ______________________________
35
Duelism is _____________________________ ________
_____________________ ____________________________
_ _____________________________ __________________
___________
What did Rene Descartes believe______ ___________
___________________ ______________________________
______________________________ __________________
____________ ______________________________
36
  • Journal Entry 3
  • Some psychologists believe creativity
  • and intuition play as much of a role in
  • Psychology as hard-and-fast scientific
  • laws. What is your position
  • Psychology is an art only
  • Psychology is a science only
  • Psychology is a combined art and
  • science.

37
Psychology as a Profession
38
  • Developmental Psychologist

39
  • Clinical Psychologist

40
  • Forensic Psychologist

41
  • Educational Psychologist

42
  • Developmental Psychologist

43
  • Industrial Psychologist

44
  • Community Psychologist

45
  • Environmental Psychologist

46
  • Counseling Psychologist

47
Psychiatrist
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