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America Enters World War I

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America Enters World War I Patten & Kempton Mepham High School Global History Boys and Girls! War Savings Stamps Poster by James Montgomery Flag 1917-18 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: America Enters World War I


1
America Enters World War I
Patten Kempton Mepham High School Global History
  • Boys and Girls! War Savings Stamps Poster by
    James Montgomery Flag 1917-18

2
The First World War
What?
  • War involving nearly all the nations of the world
  • When?
  • 1914-1918

3
The First World War
Long term - 1. Alliance system 2. Imperialist
Competition 3. Stockpiling of Weapons
  • Why?

Short term - Assassination of Franz Ferdinand of
the Austro-Hungarian Empire
Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his Wife
Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg one hour before
their deaths, June 28, 1914
4
The First World War
  • Who?

Central Powers
Allies
Russia France Great Britain Italy Japan United
States (1917)
Germany Austria-Hungary Ottoman Empire Bulgaria
Prior to 1917, what nations were involved in
World War I?
5
The First World War
  • Where?

6
Americas Policy in the Beginning of WWI
  • America was isolationist
  • Why should I get involved in someone elses
    problems

7
  • Should the United States enter World War I?

U.S. President Wilson
8
U.S. was under attack
  • The present German submarine warfare against
    commerce is a warfare against all mankind.... Our
    motive will not be revenge or the victorious
    assertion of the physical might of the nation,
    but only the vindication of right, of human
    right, of which we are only a single champion..
    Armed neutrality, it now appears, is
    impracticable.
  • -U.S. President Woodrow Wilson's War Message
    (April 1917)
  • It would be the resumption of unrestricted
    submarine warfare that would ultimately bring the
    United States into the war.
  • -The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American
    History

9
Democracy
  • Our object...is to vindicate the principles of
    peace and justice in the life of the world as
    against selfish and autocratic power.... We are
    glad...to fight...for the ultimate peace of the
    world and for the liberation of its peoples, the
    German peoples included for the right of nations
    great and small and the privilege of men
    everywhere to choose their way of life and of
    obedience. The world must be made safe for
    democracy....
  • -President Woodrow Wilson's War Message (April
    1917)

10
Economics
  • Beginning in 1916, the Morgan negotiated a series
    of extremely large loans to France and to
    England, becoming their exclusive purchasing
    agent and financier in the United States.
  • -Notable American Volunteers of the Great War,
    Great War Primary Documents Archive
  • By 1917, American loans to the Allies had soared
    to 2.25 billion loans to Germany stood at a
    paltry 27 million.
  • -The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American
    History

11
Propaganda
  • A large number of the great newspapers and news
    agencies of the country have been controlled and
    enlisted in the greatest propaganda that the
    world has ever known to manufacture sentiment in
    favor of war.
  • -Senator George W. Norris in Opposition to
    President Woodrow Wilson's War Message (April
    4, 1917)

12
Propaganda
13
(No Transcript)
14
Militarism
  • That which has driven the masses of Europe into
    the trenches and to the battlefields is not their
    inner longing for war it must be traced to the
    cutthroat competition for military equipment, for
    more efficient armies, for larger warships, for
    more powerful cannon. You cannot build up a
    standing army and then throw it back into a box
    like tin soldiers.
  • -Emma Goldman, from "Preparedness The Road to
    Universal Slaughter"

15
Events that lead to Americans entrance into WWI
1. Blockades
  • Britain blockaded (stopped) all German ships
    going to America
  • Germany announced a submarine war around Britain

Y-53 German Submarine 1916
16
  • In May, 1915 Germany told Americans to stay off
    of British ships
  • They could/would sink them

17
Lusitania
  • British Passenger Ship with 1200 passengers and
    crew (including 128 Americans)
  • Lusitania torpedoed by a German U-Boat, sinking
    all passengers and crew
  • Was eventually found to be carrying 4200 cases of
    ammunition

German Propaganda Justifying Lusitania sinking
18
Lusitania
  • The US sharply criticized Germany for their action
  • Germany agreed not to sink passenger ships
    without warning in the future

Note in Bottle After Lusitania Disaster
19
Submarine Warfare
  • 1917 Germany announced unlimited submarine
    warfare in the war zone

20
Zimmerman Telegram
  • Britain intercepted a telegram from Germany to
    Mexico
  • Mexico was asked to enter the war and become
    allies with Germany, and in return was promised
    Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona

21
U.S. Enters World War I
On April 6, the US declared war on Germany.
Check out this video
http//videos.howstuffworks.com/discovery/30141-as
signment-discovery-america-enters-world-war-i-vide
o.htm
22
How was the war looking for the allies?
Not Good...
  • Russia left the war after its communist
    revolution in 1917
  • Made it a one front war for Germany - all its
    troops could concentrate on France

23
What did the US do to help?
Supplies
  • US provided the food, money, and fresh troops
    needed to win the war

American Troops March Through London
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