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Topic: The Cold War (1945-1991)


Title: OGT Benchmark: Analyze connections between World War II, the Cold War, and contemporary conflicts. Author: Teacher Last modified by: Greg Williams – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Topic: The Cold War (1945-1991)

Unit 5
  • Topic The Cold War (1945-1991)
  • The United States and the Union of Soviet
    Socialist Republics (USSR) emerged as the two
    strongest powers in international affairs.
    Ideologically opposed, they challenged one
    another in a series of confrontations known as
    the Cold War. The costs of this prolonged
    contest weakened the USSR so that it collapsed
    due to internal upheavals as well as American
    pressure. The Cold War had social and political
    implications in the United States.

Chapter 3 The 2nd Red Scare and McCarthyism
  • Content Statement The Second Red Scare and
    McCarthyism reflected Cold War fears in American
  • Expectations for Learning Explain how the
    Second Red Scare and McCarthyism reflected Cold
    War fears in American society.

Section 1 Second Red Scare
  • Content Elaboration The actions of the Soviet
    Union in Eastern Europe and the spread of
    communism in Asia sparked fears among many
    Americans. A second Red Scare focused attention
    on the media, labor unions, universities and
    other organizations as targets of communist
  • Like the first Red Scare following World War I,
    civil liberties were again challenged. The
    investigations of the House Un-American
    Activities Committee (HUAC) prompted emplyers to
    blacklist suspected communists, including actors
    and writers.

2nd Red Scare
  • A. The second red scarefear of communism
  • 1. Russians detonate atomic bomb (1949) and
    China becomes Communist (1949)
  • 2. Possible Communist spies in Canada
  • 3. Truman
  • a. millions of federal employees questioned
  • b. organizations investigated and 200 fired
  • 4. Reputations destroyed
  • a. black lists (HUAC)

2nd Red Scare, cont.
  • B. Protecting the United States
  • 1. McCarran Internal Security Act
  • a. Communist groups had to register with AG
  • b. Truman vetoes
  • c. Congress overrides
  • 2. McCarran-Walter Act
  • a. immigration quotas
  • b. favor N and E Europe
  • c. Truman vetoes
  • d. Congress overrides
  • 3. Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
  • a. suspected in passing atomic secrets to SU
  • b. Executed--no proof
  • (Like Sacco and Vanzetti in the 1920s)

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
  • House Un-American Committee
  • Read the link below
  • http//

OGT Multiple Choice
  • The fear of communism in the United States during
    the 1950s was know as the
  • A. 2nd Red Scare
  • B. 2nd Yellow Scare
  • C. 2nd Green Scare
  • D. 2nd Blue Scare

Section 2 McCarthyism
  • Content Elaboration Senator Joseph McCarthy
    played on fears of subversion with his charges of
    communists infiltrating the U.S. government. The
    McCarthy hearings ond HUAC investigations held
    the attention of the American people through the
    middle 1950s.

Joseph McCarthy
  • A. Joseph McCarthy--R-Wisconsin
  • 1. Accused many in US gov. of bei ng
  • 2. BIG LIST--Feb. 1950
  • 3. many feared him

Joseph McCarthy, cont.
  • The fall of McCarthy (Picture on page 737)
  • A. McCarthy goes too far
  • 1. takes books out of libraries
  • 2. accuses Secretary of Army of espionage
  • 3. accuses army officer of protecting coms.
  • B. Televison
  • 1. hearings were televised--20 million
  • 2. McCarthy was rude
  • 3. Looked like a bully
  • 4. people began to dislike him
  • 5. his influence declined
  • 6. Soon, his reign of terror ended

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OGT Multiple Choice
  • A Senator from Wisconsin who started accusing
    many people of being Communist and then put those
    names on a Black List was
  • A. Harry S Truman
  • B. Julius Rosenberg
  • C. Joseph McCarthy
  • D. Alger Hiss

OGT Multiple Choice
  • (Practice Test Booklet 2005) McCarthyism during
    the early
  • 1950s was a result of American
  • A. reaction to the reforms of the New Deal
  • B. response to helping win World War II
  • C. fear of African-Americans gaining civil
  • D. fear of communism during the Cold War

OGT Multiple Choice
  • Which of the following events helped cause
    McCarthys fall from power?
  • A. Eisenhowers farewell address
  • B. the Army-McCarthy hearings that were televised
    to 20 million people
  • C. Life magazines Crisis In America issue
  • D. the Supreme Court decision in Brown vs. Board
    of Education