CULTURE OF FRANCE - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – CULTURE OF FRANCE PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 6e4f55-MDlmN



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

CULTURE OF FRANCE

Description:

culture of france let s think together ! what is culture for you ? which are the elements that compound your own culture ? which are the symboles of your own culture ? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:36
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Date added: 25 November 2019
Slides: 70
Provided by: DORO182
Learn more at: http://popkin.fr
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: CULTURE OF FRANCE


1
CULTURE OF FRANCE
2
LETS THINK TOGETHER !
  • WHAT IS CULTURE FOR YOU ?
  • WHICH ARE THE ELEMENTS THAT COMPOUND YOUR OWN
    CULTURE ?
  • WHICH ARE THE SYMBOLES OF YOUR OWN CULTURE ?

3
FRENCH CULTURE
  • WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT FRENCH CULTURE ?
  • WHAT DOES FRANCE STAND FOR IN YOUR COUNTRY ?
  • WHICH ELEMENTS REPRESENT FRENCH CULTURE IN YOUR
    COUNTRY ?

4
DIFFERENT ELEMENTS OF CULTURE
CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS
HISTORY
ARTS
  • CULTURE

EDUCATION
POLITICS
ECONOMY
RELIGION
SOCIAL STRUCTURES
5
EDUCATION
  • Modern French education begins at the end of the
    19th century.
  • Jules Ferry, Minister of Public Instruction in
    the 1880s, is the founder of the modern
    Republican school (l'école républicaine).
  • This school is free of charge,
  • compulsory from 6 to 16
  • laïque meaning separate from the
    church.

6
EDUCATION
  • The French educational system is divided into
    three stages
  • primary education (enseignement primaire)
  • secondary education (enseignement secondaire)
  • tertiary or college education (enseignement
    supérieur)
  • Primary and secondary education is predominantly
    public (private schools also exist)
  • Tertiary education has both public and private
    elements.

7
EDUCATION
All educational programs are regulated by the
Ministry of National Education
  • The teachers in public primary and secondary
    schools are all state civil servants, making the
    ministère the largest employer in the country.
  • At the primary and secondary levels, the
    curricula is the same for all French students in
    a given grade, in public and private
    institutions.

8
RELIGION
  • Traditionally, France is a predominantly Roman
    Catholic country.
  • However, public holidays are still largely
    traditional Catholic holidays.
  • The concept of laïcité ( the 1905 law of
    separation of Church and
  • State), is a balance between the rights of
    religious people and the
  • neutrality of public institutions with respect to
    religious matters.

9
RELIGION
  • The French consider religion a private matter,
    and any ostentatious display is generally
    out-of-place.
  • The concept of laïcité is currently a core
    concept in the French constitution, whose Article
    1 formally states that France is a secular
    republic ("La France est une République, une,
    indivisible, laïque et sociale.").
  • French political leaders are supposed to be
    neutral with respect to religion and to keep a
    certain reserve about their belief.

10
RELIGION
  • Following from the 1789 Declaration of the Rights
    of Man and
  • of the Citizen, France guarantees freedom of
    religion as a
  • constitutional right.
  • The 1905 law instituted the separation of Church
    and State
  • and prohibited the government from recognising,
    salarying or
  • subsidising any religion.

11
RELIGION
  • STATISTICS
  • Roman Catholic 83-88,
  • Muslim 5-10
  • Protestant 2,
  • Jewish 1,
  • unaffiliated 4
  • 15 percent of French citizens regularly attend
    religious services,
  • compared to 10 percent of UK citizens and 57
    percent of American
  • citizens.

12
ECONOMY
  • The 5th largest economy in the world
  • The 3rd largest in Europe after Germany and the
    United Kingdom
  • Thanks to - substantial agricultural resources,
  • - a large industrial base,
  • - a highly skilled work force
  • - a dynamic services sector (72 of the
    economic activity in 1997 / nearly all
    job creation in recent years.)

13
ECONOMY
  • AGRICULTURE
  • France is the world's 6th largest agricultural
    producer.
  • France is the European Union's leading
    agricultural producer.
  • Main Agricultural products wheat, cereals,
    sugar beets, potatoes, dairy products, pork,
    poultry, beef, fruits, vegetables, and wine.
  • The 2nd largest agricultural exporter, after the
    United States (the destination of 70 of its
    exports are other EU member states)

14
ECONOMY
INDUSTRY
  • After the Second World War, France embarked on an
    ambitious and very successful program of
    modernization, under state impulse.
  • This program involved the state control of a
    minority of the industry, such as transportation,
    energy and telecommunication infrastructures.
  • In the 60s Charles de Gaule strongly encouraged
    the delocalisation of skills (IAS, SUPAERO, ENAC
    were delocalised at that time).

15
ECONOMY
  • INDUSTRY
  • Despite significant reform and privatization over
    the past 15 years, the government continues to
    control a large share of economic activity.
  • The government continues to own shares in
    corporations in a range of sectors including
    banking, energy production and distribution,
    automobiles, transportation, and
    telecommunications.
  • France has been very successful in developing
    dynamic telecommunications, aerospace, and
    weapons sectors.

16
ECONOMY
THE MAIN INDUSTRIES
  • Building engeneering
  • Machinery
  • Chemicals
  • Pharmaceutics
  • Automobiles
  • Metallurgy
  • Aeronautics and space
  • Electronics
  • Fashion (textiles)and luxury
  • Food processing
  • Tourism

17
ECONOMY
  • WEAPONS INDUSTRY
  • France is one of the biggest arms manufacturers
    (warships, guns, nuclear weapons and equipment )
    and the 3rd exporter in the world.

18
ECONOMY
  • TRADE
  • France is the 2nd largest trading nation in
    western Europe.

Frances foreign trade in civilian goods by
region (billions of euros, 2002 data)
EXPORTS IMPORTS
European Union 203 196
Germany 47,4 56,5
Italy 29,5 29,7
United Kingdom 33,7 24,1
United States 26 25,9
Japan 5,5 10,5
World 328,6 321
19
ECONOMY
  • TOURISM
  • As France is the most visited country in the
    world, tourism is a significant contributor to
    the French Economy.
  • The touristic infrastructures of France have been
    largely developed in the 60s and today Frances
    got a high quality of touristic services,
    including some of the world's most extensive ski
    trails.

20
ECONOMY
  • ENERGY
  • With virtually no domestic oil production, France
    has relied heavily on the development of nuclear
    power, which now accounts for about 80 of the
    country's electricity production.
  • It also has developed at a large scale nuclear
    waste reprocessing facilities (including those of
    other countries).

21
CENTRES NUCLEAIRES DE PRODUCTION DELECTRICITE
22
FRENCH POLITICS
23
PRESIDENT OF REPUBLIC
The Head of State is elected for a five-year term
by direct universal suffrage. Jacques Chirac
became the fifth President of the Fifth Republic
on 7 May 1995 and was re-elected on 5 May
2002 He - appoints the Prime Minister -
appoints the other members of the Government.
- presides over the Council of Ministers, -
promulgates Acts of Parliament and is
Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces. -
may dissolve the National Assembly and in an
emergency exercise special powers.
Elysée palace (Paris)
24
PRIME MINISTER AND GOVERNMENT
  • Under the direction of the Prime Minister, the
    government sets national policy and carries it
    out. It is answerable to Parliament. The Prime
    Minister directs the operation of the government
    and ensures the implementation of legislation.
  • Dominique de Villepin is the current Prime
    Minister.

25
PARLIAMENT
  • Parliament comprises two assemblies
  • The Senate, elected since 2003 for a six-year
    term, by indirect universal suffrage, and renewed
    by half every three years.
  • The National Assembly, whose members (deputies)
    are elected by direct universal suffrage for a
    five-year term. The most recent general election
    was held in June 2002.

The Sénat
The National Assembly (Paris)
26
FRENCH POLITICS
  • Modern French politics remain characterized by a
    Left/Right division of the country even though
    the border between the two has been recently
    blurred.

27
NATIONAL ANTHEM AND MOTTO
The national anthem is the Marseillaise it
became the national anthem on 14 July 1795.
The motto of the French Republic is "Liberty,
Equality, Fraternity".
28
THE FRENCH FLAG
  • The white colour, symbolizes royalty and the
    red and blue colours, the cockade of the Paris
    National Guard.
  • The tricolour is the official standard of
    the French Republic.

29
THE SOCIAL STRUCTURES
30
SOCIAL WELFARE
France has one of the most effective social
security systems in the world. It covers basic
needs such as healthcare, unemployment benefits,
minimum social benefits, family policy and
retirement pensions. The system is based on the
principle of national solidarity.
Georges-Pompidou European hospital in Paris.
31
Sweden 33,7
Denmark 31,4
France 30,8
Nederland's 30,3
Germany, Finland 29,9
Austria 28,8
Belgium 28,5
United-Kingdom 26,8
Italy 25,9
Luxemburg 24,8
Greece 23,6
Portugal 22,5
Spain 21,4
Ireland 17,5
  • Social welfare expenses on the gross national
    product of the Europeans countries ()
  • France on the firsts places

32
SOCIAL WELFARE
  • 67 of total social security spending comes from
    employers and employees contributions and 20
    from taxes.
  • Social security expenditure has increased two
    and a half times as fast as the gross national
    product since 1945. The increase stems from the
    larger numbers of pensioners and higher pensions.

33
SOCIAL WELFARE
  • Another cause is the increase in healthcare
    expenditure, accounting for 34.8 of the total,
    with the introduction of universal health
    coverage (CMU), longer life expectancy and
    advances in medical treatments.

34
SOCIAL WELFARE
  • social security system covers 70 of medical care
    and goods, with an increasing proportion being
    met by households and insurance companies.
  • A major programme of reform was instituted in
    2004 to balance the accounts of the health
    insurance branch of the Social Security system.

35
Basic guaranteed income RMI (Revenu Minimum
dInsertion)
SOCIAL WELFARE
  • Basic guaranteed income was introduced in 1989
    with the aim of providing the least well-off with
    minimum resources and helping them to get off
    welfare and rejoin the labour force and society.
  • At present, approximately one million people are
    receiving basic guaranteed income.

36
WORKING
  • Salaries

Salary levels are fixed by agreement between
employer and employee. Most companies make
extra salary payments in one (or both) of two
months (usually December for Christmas and June
for Summer). In this case, these extra salaries
(called 13th and 14th month's salary) are
included in total amount of the annual gross
salary. Profit sharing schemes and bonuses
bases on productivity or performance are becoming
more common in France.
37
WORKING
Salaries are usually paid a few days before the
end of each month. As an employee, you will
normally receive your salary net of deductions
(salaire net) for Compulsory Social Security
Chargees
Optional charges such as mutual insurance
contributions, pension contributions or life
insurance Obligatory contributions will be
around 20-25 of your gross salary. Your salary
payments do not have income tax deducted. You
make a tax declaration and pay your income tax.
38
WORKING
  • Minimum Salary
  • The guaranteed minimum hourly wage is called the
    SMIC (Salaire Minimum Interprofessionnel de
    Croissance).
  • An employee cannot legally be paid less then
    this level.
  • The gross SMIC is 7.19, from which are taken
    taxes and social security charges (at this wage
    level, approximately 23).
  • The SMIC is reviewed annually on the 1st July.

39
Minimum wage in various countries (euros)
Monthly minimum wage (euros in 1997) Monthly median wage
Germany 1 244 2 539
France 991 1 680
United-Kingdom 864 1 964
United States 746 1 913
40
WORKING
  • Working hours

The legal working hours (Temps de travail) is
fixed at 35 hours per week. The 35-hour rule
applies to all employees except those with
special working conditions
35 hours are not a compulsory maximum for a
week's work, but a reference point for the
calculation of overtime as all supplementary
hours working must be remunerated.
41
WORKING
  • The working week is generally Monday to Friday.
  • Working hours are generally from 830-930 to
    1730-1900. There is usually a break for lunch
    (between 1200 and 1400)
  • The introduction of the 35-hour week has led many
    companies to be a lot more flexible about working
    hours. Some have implemented an 8-hour/day
    schedule with Friday afternoon off, whereas
    others make 1000-1600 standardised working time
    and leave individuals to organise the rest of
    their time.

42
WORKING
  • Annual leave (Congés annuels)

Salaries have 5 full weeks of vacation a year
which may be taken either during a specified
period or in agreement with the employer
Traditionally, holidays are taken in July and
August. In France August is 'sacred' and the
country practically comes to a halt. Some
companies officially close.
43
WORKING
  • In some companies, the adoption of the 35-hour
    week was managed by introducing longer vacations,
    which are often referred to as RTT (Réduction du
    temps de travail). This could be quite
    significant (e.g. up to 15 days of leave a year!)
    but the company usually decides when these days
    can/must be taken.

44
WORKING
  • Maternity leave (Congé de maternité)

All mothers have the right to a minimum of
sixteen weeks of paid maternity leave.
During maternity leave, employees receive
payments from the social security system. Most
companies have also collective agreements
(conventions collectives) concerning continuing
payment of the salary by the employer during the
period of maternity leave.
45
WORKING
  • Paternity leave (Congé de paternité)

All new fathers have the right to paternity leave
of 11 days (18 days for twins or more!) Leave
must be taken on consecutive days within four
months of the birth.
46
WORKING
  • Sick leave (Arrêt de travail pour maladie)

A doctor may prescribe sick leave for an employee
by issuing a sick leave form (un avis d'arrêt de
travail).
  • Employees on sick leave are obliged
  • to stop working while receiving sickness
    benefits
  • to comply with authorised times for leaving the
    house
  • to ask for authorisation if wishing to stay in a
    different residence

47
WORKING
  • Unemployment insurance ( Assurance Chômage)
  • Financed by employers (80) and employees (20
    ). (ASSEDIC)
  • To receive this unemployment benefit, one has to
    be less than 65 years old and to have worked 520
    hours (as a wage earner) during the twelve last
    months.
  • According to their age, unemployed earn, every
    month, 40.25 or 30 of their last monthly wage
    over periods of different lengths and the benefit
    cannot be less than a minimum amount at the
    beginning

48
WORKING
  • Public holidays (Jours fériés)

There are eleven national public holidays in
France 1 January, New Year's Day (Nouvel an,
Jour de l'An) Easter Monday in March or April
(Lundi de Pâques) 1 May, Labour Day (Fête de
travail) 8 May, Victory Day - End of Second World
War 1945 (Fête de la liberation) Ascension
Thursday, the sixth Thursday after Easter,
usually in May (Ascension) Whit Monday
(Pentecost) , the Second Monday after Ascension,
in May or June (Pentecôte) 14 July, Bastille Day
(Fête Nationale) 15 August, Assumption
(Assomption) 1 November, All Saints' Day
(Toussaint) 11 November, Armistice 1918 Day (Fête
de l'Armistice) 25 December, Christmas Day (Noël)
49
FRENCH ARTS
50
FRENCH PAINTINGS
  • The prehistoric period is known for
    paleolithic cave paintings. There are around 130
    caves around the Pyrenees, with the most famous
    of the caves being Lascaux

Cave paintings at Lascaux
Horses' Heads in the Chauvet Cave 
51
FRENCH PAINTINGS
The ancient art of book illumination was still
the prevailing form of painting in France at the
beginning of the 15th century.
52
FRENCH PAINTINGS
  • The French Renaissance (16th century) was
    strongly influenced by the works of the
    Italians. 

53
FRENCH PAINTINGS
The Baroque period spans roughly the 17th and
18th centuries.
The work can be categorized by the desire to
evoke emotional states by appealing to the senses
Pastorale by Boucher
The Visit of Venus to Vulcan by Boucher 
The Silver Goblet by Chardin
Le Verrou by Fragonard
The Reader by Fragonard
54
FRENCH PAINTINGS
  • Classicism and Neoclassicism refer to
    aesthetic attitudes and principles based on the
    culture, art and literature of ancient Greece and
    Rome, and are characterized by emphasis on form,
    simplicity, proportion, and restrained emotion

Horacespromise by Jacques-Louis David
Coronation of Napoleon by Jacques-Louis David
Madame de Récamier by Jacques-Louis David 
55
FRENCH PAINTINGS
  • Strong emotion, imagination, freedom from
    classical correctness in art forms, and rebellion
    against social conventions Romanticism

Napleon Bonaparte on Arcole Bridge by
Antoine-Jean Gros
The Death of Sardanapal by Delacroix
56
FRENCH PAINTINGS
  • Realism rejects imaginative idealization in
    favour of a close observation of outward
    appearances. 

Gustave Courbet
Stonebreakers by Gustave Courbet
The gleaners by Millet
57
FRENCH PAINTINGS

Impression sunrise by Claude Monet 
Monet Painting in His Floating Studio by Édouard Manet
The impressionist style of painting, developing
primarily in France during the late 19th and
early 20th centuries

Young girls on piano by Pierre Auguste Renoir 
moulin-galette by Renoir
The Kiss by Auguste Rodin
58
FRENCH PAINTINGS
Seated Riffian by Matisse
On the Thames by André Derain
  • French Fauvisme is a style of painting that
    flourished in France from 1898 to 1908.

Notre-Dame, une fin d'après-midi by Henri Matisse
La Musique by Matisse
59
FRENCH PAINTINGS
  • Cubism style rejected the traditional techniques
    of perspective. It is a highly influential visual
    arts style of the 20th century

Houses at L'Estaque by Braque 
Jeune fille à la mandoline by Pablo Picasso
Le guéridon by Braque
60
FRENCH ARCHITECTURE
Notre-Dame in Paris

Saint Sernin in Toulouse
Benedictine Abbey of Saint-Michael
61
FRENCH ARCHITECTURE
  • Examples of Renaissances Castles Chenonceaux,
    Blois, Azay, and Chamborg

62
FRENCH ARCHITECTURE
  • An example of Baroque architecture from the
    17th century Versaillescastle

63
FRENCH ARCHITECTURE

Arc de Triomphe exemple of Neoclassicism
architecture
The Eiffel Tower -- Paris' Grande Dame
Built 1862-1875 as "Académie nationale de Musique
- Théâtre de l'Opéra" by Charles Garnier.
Louvremuseum and its pyramid
64
FRENCH ARCHITECTURE
The Louvres Pyramid
Defense Arch in Paris
The Millaus Viaduc
65
FRENCH MUSIC
  • French music history dates back to organum in
    the 10th century.
  • By the end of the 12th century, travelling
    musicians called troubadours were very
    important

66
FRENCH MUSIC
  • In the late 1800s, pioneers like Georges
    Bizet with his famous opera Carmen ,
  • Maurice Ravel and Claude Debussy revitalized
    French music.

The late 1800s saw the dawn of the music hall
when Yvette Guilbert was a major star in the
Moulin Rouge.
67
WORKSHOP
  • Regarding this presentation, 3 groups are going
    to work on the analysis of their society through
    the different components of their culture
  • - education and religion
  • - economy and politics
  • social structures
  • This work will allow them to compare it with
    French society.

68
WORKSHOP
EDUCATION RELIGION ECONOMY POLITICS SOCIAL STRUCTURES
Secular Mainly public Private but controled by the State Mixed (boys and girls) Free Compulsory (age 16) Traditionally catholic Concept of  laïcité  Privacy Freedom of religion 5th largest economy 6th largest agricultural producer a highly skilled work force a dynamic services sector State controlled industries Worlds largest touristic country A constitutional Republic A President elected by direct universal suffrage A traditional left/right opposition A current right wing government A strong social welfare Social security (medical cares) -Basic guaranteed income - Work organization (working hours, medical and unemployment insurance, holidays, parental leaves)
69
WORKSHOP
  • Plan of your presentation
  • 1) Present the situation in your continent or
    country.
  • 2) Compare it with the French situation
  • 3) Conclude and discuss it with the rest of the
    group.
  • You will have 45 minutes to prepare your
    presentation that youll report back to the class
About PowerShow.com