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Medieval/Romanesque

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Medieval/Romanesque Architecture 900-1200 Tyler Ray Nelson Stage D cor THE 261 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Medieval/Romanesque


1
Medieval/Romanesque
Architecture 900-1200
Tyler Ray Nelson Stage Décor THE 261
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  • Interior of Tourney cathedral, Belgium,Twelfth
    century Romanesque.

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Research
  • The Early Medieval period in architecture
    extended from about 550 to 1050, and covers three
    phases Early Medieval itself (what used to be
    called the "Dark Ages," around 550--750
    Carolingian, 750--950 and Ottoman, 950--1050.
    These are approximations, of course. The
    Romanesque style dominated Europe for about a
    century, 1050--1150, after which it was
    supplanted by Gothic in France, but it held on in
    Italy, Spain, and Germany for another century.
  • Carolingian and Ottoman buildings epitomize the
    organization of the feudal, agricultural society
    formed on the ruins of the Western Roman Empire
    in Central and western Europe. The Carolingian
    Empire was formed on French and German soil by
    Charlemagne after 750 and reached its height to
    about 850. It declined, and was in part replaced
    by the Ottoman Empire, based in Germany.
    Episcopal seats and especially monastic centers
    were the main cultural centers throughout the
    Early Medieval, Carolingian and Ottoman eras.
  • Romanesque Architecture is marked by the
    integration and monumentalization of elements
    from Roman, Early Christian and provincial
    Byzantine architecture. Cathedrals and monastic
    churches, mostly basilican in type. Plan
    determined by liturgial demands High Mass,
    antiphonal choirs of clergy, separation of clergy
    and people. Numerous altars with relics, etc.
    Massive and austere, with heavy walls, small
    windows. Usually vaulted clearly defined tactile
    space and interior. Articulation on exterior and
    interior by vertical and horizontal members
    defining main and subordinate divisions. On the
    exterior, varying combinations of twin facade
    towers, crossing and transept towers, sharply
    marked nave, aisles and transept wings, apses
    with ambulatories and radiating chapels.
  • On the interior, clearly segregated bays, clearly
    marked stories and massive supports frequently
    set in alternating rhythms. Open timber roofs or
    ribs on vaults (barrel and groin), compound piers
    and heavy moldings accentuate interior divisions,
    horizontal and vertical sometimes half-barrel
    vaulted galleries with vaulted aisles below
    applied members in varied combinations (salient
    pier buttresses, pilaster strips, engaged shafts,
    arched corbel tables, string courses, etc.) mark
    exterior subdivisions. Wide variety of local
    styles in Tuscany, Lombardy, Rhineland, Burgundy,
    Normandy and England. Importance of pilgrimage
    routes (Southern France and Spain), sponsored by
    Benedictines (Cluny). The great event of the
    period was the Crusades.

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  • http//www.sacred-destinations.com/sacred-sites/ro
    manesque-churches.htm

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  • Picture of a Medieval Castle

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  • http//www.mcah.columbia.edu/ma/htm/ma_site_resour
    ce_links.htm

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http//www.medievalarthistory.org/architecture.htm
l
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http//media.photobucket.com/image/Medieval20arch
etecture/saraanneinparis/DSC00115.jpg
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http//www.tdfchallenge.com/images/blogImages/0723
07_carcassone_05.jpg
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In case you ever wondered how the medieval
builders got their materials up the tower - this
is a "winch" pulley they left behind!
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Bibliography
www.ghumakkar.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/03/
medievalnews.blogspot.com/2009_04_01_archive.html
vrcoll.fa.pitt.edu/.../mainLincoln-other.html
castlefiction.com/heroicdreams/do-you-recogni...
http//www.medievalarthistory.org/architecture.htm
l
http//www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/cas/fnart/arch/st_ser
nin.html Digital archive of Architecture Boston
College of Fine Arts
  • http//www.mcah.columbia.edu/ma/htm/ma_site_resour
    ce_links.htm

castlefiction.com/heroicdreams/do-you-recogni...
  • http//www.mcah.columbia.edu/ma/htm/ma_site_resour
    ce_links.htm

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http//www.sacred-destinations.com/reference/roman
esque-architecture.htm
http//www.pitt.edu/tokerism/0040/syl/mandr.html
  • http//www.sacred-destinations.com/sacred-sites/ro
    manesque-churches.htm

http//www.pitt.edu/tokerism/0040/syl/mandr.html
http//www.castles.me.uk/medieval-castles.htm
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