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HINDUISM

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HINDUISM Introduction to Hinduism There is only one God, but endless are his aspects and endless are his names What is Hinduism? A philosophy and a way of life ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: HINDUISM


1
HINDUISM
2
Introduction to Hinduism
  • There is only one God, but endless are his
    aspects and endless are his names

3
What is Hinduism?
  • A philosophy and a way of life focused both on
    this world and beyond
  • Tolerance and diversity "Truth is one, paths are
    many"
  • One of the oldest religions of humanity dating
    back to 1500 BCE

4
What is Hinduism?
  • A religion that began in India.
  • The religion of the Indian people
  • Gave birth to Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism
  • There are 750 million Hindus in the world today.

5
Location of Hindus
The vast majority of Hindus live in India and
Nepal
6
Origins The Aryans
  • An Indo-European people.
  • Migrated to India in about 1500 BCE from the
    Caucus Mountains.
  • Brought the Vedas.
  • No single founder-combination of beliefs

7
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9
Sacred Texts
  • Vedas and Upanishads
  • Rig Veda Hinduisms oldest text nearly
    4000 years old

10
Goal of Hinduism
  • Moksha release or liberation from the endless
    cycle of rebirth (reincarnation).
  • Infinite bliss and awareness
  • United forever with
    the divine

11
Reincarnation
  • Samsara constant cycle of rebirth.
  • Death is not final for Hindus they expect to be
    reborn many times.
  • People may be reincarnated at a higher or lower
    level of existence depending on their karma from
    their present life.
  • People may be reborn as plants or animals or they
    may be elevated to a higher caste as a human.

12
Karma Dharma
  • Karma Total of good and bad actions a human soul
    carries with it from life to life.
  • Karma determines all the particular circumstances
    and situations of ones life.
  • Dharma system of rules and values that Hindus
    follow in their everyday life
  • Atman

13
Festivals and Holy Days
  • No set day of the week is holy-each days has its
    possibilities
  • Religious festivals may be solar or lunar-lunar
    is preferred
  • There are 125 special days in the Hindu year with
    Diwali being an extra special celebration.

14
Diwali-Festival of Lights
15
Caste System Four major castes
  • Brahmin priests
  • Kshatriya warriors and administrators
  • Vaishya farmers, merchants, teachers, artisans
  • Sudras servants, laborers
  • Untouchables lived outside the caste system.
    Their presence was considered harmful.

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17
Places of Worship
  • Hindu temples exist but Hinduism is usually
    practiced in the home where there is usually a
    shrine dedicated to a favored deity

18
Shrines
19
Temples
20
The Ganges River
Falling from Its source of Vishnus feet onto
Shivas head and out from his hair, the water of
the Ganges is sacred enough to purify all sins.
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22
The Major Gods Of Hinduism
Brahma the creator god
Shiva god of destruction/ transformation so that
new can be created
Vishnu the preserver god
23
Sacred Cow of India
  • Milk holds a central place in religious rituals.
  • In honor of their exalted status, cows often roam
    free.
  • A citizen can be sent to jail
    for killing or injuring a cow.

24
Banaras - Hindus Holy City
  • Pilgrims come from all over to bathe in the
    Ganges.
  • Countless Hindus come to die
  • 1500 temples, most of them devoted to Shiva.
  • It is a gathering place for the religiously
    learned and their disciples.

25
What are the spiritual practices of Hinduism?
  • Yogas seeking union with the divine
  • Guru a spiritual teacher

26
Gandhi The Father of India
  • For Gandhi, social concern was deeply rooted in
    his conviction of the sacredness of life.
  • Gandhi believed that human beings should strive
    to live as simply as possible since
    overindulgence often meant that others may have
    to do without their basic needs.
  • Gandhi was assassinated by a Hindu fanatic on
    January 30, l948 as India was gaining its
    independence.

27
Brahmins
Kshatriyas
Vaishyas
Shudras
28
Ms Stewarts Rhyme
  • If you follow dharma then you will have good
    karma the maybe in one of your lives you will
    achieve nirvana!

29
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30
What do Hindus believe?
  • One impersonal Ultimate Reality Brahman
  • Manifest as many personal deities
  • True essence of life Atman, the soul, is
    Brahman trapped in matter (That art thou)
  • Reincarnation atman is continually born into
    this world lifetime after lifetime (Samsara)
  • Karma spiritual impurity due to actions keeps
    us bound to this world (good and bad)
  • Ultimate goal of life to release Atman and
    reunite with the divine, becoming as one with
    Brahman (Moksha)

31
  • Mono OR Polytheistic?
  • http//www.religionfacts.com/hinduism/beliefs/thei
    sm.htm
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