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Franziskus Maria Stratmann

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Confonting National Socialism Articles in Der Friedensk mpfer Carl Schmitt enemy as other Individual nations rights Emil Ritter German & Austrian ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Franziskus Maria Stratmann


1
Franziskus Maria Stratmann
  • A Combatant for Peace

2
Preacher and Pastor
  • Born 1883
  • inspired by Bonaventura Krotz OP
  • Student pastor at Berlin University 1914-24

3
Second Conversion
  • Learnt from reaction to his Veritas (1916)
  • Only being there, taking part in war, reveals
    its hideousness.
  • Foersters Weltkrieg Weltgewissen (1918)
    double morality

4
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5
Peace between Nations
  • The gospel has not one law of charity for
    individuals, and another for states and nations,
    which are indeed but collections of individuals.
  • (Pacem Dei, 1920)
  • Friedensbund Deutscher Katholiken
  • Spiritual leader

6
Occupation of the Ruhr 1923
7
World Church, World Peace
  • Feastday sermon 5 VIII 1923
  • Weltkirche Weltfriede 1924
  • Thomist/Augustinian conditions for just war
  • Vanderpols translation of Molina Vittoria
  • In view of the awfulness of modern war and its
    consequences, and in view of the fact that the
    Catholic Church lacks a defined teaching on war,
    it is surely allowable to advance the severest
    opinion on the permissibility of war.

8
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9
Confonting National Socialism
  • Articles in Der Friedenskämpfer
  • Carl Schmitt
  • enemy as other
  • Individual nations rights
  • Emil Ritter
  • German Austrian Catholics behind NS
  • Pseudo-religious and moral aspects of NS

10
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11
Total War Unjustified
  • Walter Dirks, editor of Der Friedenskämpfer
  • he proved that the war with which we are
    primarily concerned, the twentieth century
    total war, failed to fulfil several conditions
    for just war.

12
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13
A Voice for the Jews
  • eliminating Catholic political presence
  • Bishops declaration, exhort to respect authority
  • Bernhard Lichtenberg
  • attempt to publish declaration denouncing
    persecution of the Jews
  • this form of nationalist bolshevism is directing
    its rage not against some verifiably bad act or
    aspect of sensisbility, but indiscriminately
    against the Jewish race an act of blasphemy when
    we consider that Christ eternally belongs to this
    race that Christianity would never have emerged
    without Judaism.

14
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15
Union with the Jews
  • Dr Margarete Sommer in Berlin
  • Dr Lisamaria Meirowsky in Rome
  • planned contemplative congregation to spread the
    peace of Christ in the kingdom of Christ.
  • 1937 speech Die Juden wir Christen
  • Vatican II Jewish Declaration

16
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17
Pax Christi
  • Return from exile 1947, Kevelaer founding meeting
    1948
  • Speech at Mainz Catholic congress Die
    Verantwortung der Kirche für den Frieden unter
    den Völkern
  • The responsibility of a state that unleashes
    total war is increased out of all proportion,
    because the state it attacks is also driven to
    total war that is, to making all its citizens
    into soldiers, to making a whole country into the
    setting for war.

18
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19
  • ensuring that these weapons are not used
  • involves every citizen,
  • politically and morally.
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