The Muslim World - Achievements - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


PPT – The Muslim World - Achievements PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 6e3aa2-ZmE4M


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation

The Muslim World - Achievements


Title: Recommending a Strategy Author: LCPS Last modified by: LCPS Created Date: 3/5/2009 6:24:10 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:9
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Date added: 29 January 2020
Slides: 17
Provided by: LCP132
Learn more at:


Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: The Muslim World - Achievements

The Muslim World - Achievements
  • Student will demonstrate knowledge of Islamic
    civilization from about 600 to 1000 C.E. by
  • Citing cultural and scientific contributions and
    achievements of Islamic civilization
  • Essential Questions
  • How did Islamic civilization preserve and extend
    ancient Greek, Persian, and Indian learning?
  • What were some contributions of Islamic

Rise of Muslim Urban Centers
  • Damascus
  • Located in modern day Syria
  • Known for its fine cloth called damask and for
    outstanding steel and armor
  • Cultural center of Islamic learning
  • Cordoba
  • Located in modern-day Spain
  • Umayyad capital
  • Population of over 500,000
  • Mix of Muslims, Christians, and Jews created a
    cosmopolitan atmosphere
  • Center of Muslim culture
  • 70 libraries, 700 mosques, and 27 free schools

  • Damascus
  • Cordoba

City Building and Architecture
  • Cairo
  • Located in modern-day Egypt
  • The Fatimid capital
  • City of Baghdad
  • Abbasid capital
  • Selected in 762 C.E. along the Tigris river
  • 100,000 architects, workers, etc. to build the
  • At its peak a population of over 1 million
  • Unique circular design call the round city
  • Three protective walls ringed the city
  • Caliphs palace located in inner most circle
    along with grand mosque

Social Structure
  • Muslim society was made up of four social classes
  • Upper class
  • Born Muslim
  • Paid least amount of taxes
  • Second class
  • Converts to Islam
  • Paid a higher tax that upper class, but lower
    than bottom two classes
  • Protected people
  • Christians, Jews, and Zoroastrians
  • Slaves
  • Prisoners of war, non-Muslims
  • Performed household work or fought in military
  • Role of women
  • As believers, men and women are equal according
    to the Quran
  • Men are the managers of womens affairs and
    righteous women are therefore obedient
  • Sharia law gave women specific legal rights
    concerning marriage, family, and property
  • More rights than European women of the time
  • Could have access to education
  • Main responsibility was to raise children

Muslim Scholarship
  • Advancement of scholarship
  • Practical concerns
  • Relied on math and astronomy to calculate prayers
    times and the direction of Mecca
  • Deep curiosity
  • Quest for truth that dated back to Muhammad
  • Emphasis on study and scholarship
  • Protection of European knowledge
  • Muslim leaders and scholars helped to preserve
    and expand ancient knowledge from Europe, Persia,
    and India
  • Houses of Wisdom
  • First library/academy opened in early 800s in
  • Translated works into Arabic
  • 1ST universities
  • Arabic language
  • Became the language of learning and scholarship

Medical Advances/ Science and technology
  • al-Razi
  • Greatest physician of the Muslim world
  • Wrote encyclopedia called the Comprehensive book
  • Believed patients would recover better if they
    were exposed to clean air
  • Hospital experiment
  • Astronomy
  • Compasses used to locate the direction of Mecca
  • Figured out the exact times for prayer and length
    of Ramadan
  • Study of Optics
  • Used to develop telescopes and microscopes
  • Geography
  • Calculated Earths circumference within 9 miles
    of its correct value
  • Produced a world atlas with dozens of maps
  • Compass

Mathematics/ Science
  • Two major ideas introduced by Muslim Scholars
  • Reliance on scientific observation and
  • Mathematics as the basis of all knowledge
  • Spread Indian concept of zero
  • used Arabic numerals
  • Al- Khwarizmi
  • Born in Baghdad in late 700s C.E.
  • Studied Indian sources rather than Greek
  • Wrote textbook explaining Algebra
  • Al-jabr

  • Translated the works of the Greek philosophers
    into Arabic
  • Ibn Rushd
  • Tried to harmonize Greek writings of Aristotle
    and Plato with Islam
  • Was attacked by some religious thinkers
  • Argued both beliefs had the same goal- to find
  • Ibn Sina
  • Most famous philosopher
  • All knowledge from God, had proof that the soul
    was immortal

Muslim Literature
  • Strong tradition of literature in Arabia before
    arrival of Islam
  • Bedouin poets
  • Quran is the standard for all Arabic literature
    and poetry
  • Poetry sang praises of Muhammad and of Islam
  • The Sufis known for their poetry
  • Focused on mystical experiences with God
  • Popular literature
  • The Thousand and One Nights
  • Collection of fairy tales, parables, and legends

(No Transcript)
(No Transcript)
Muslim Art and Architecture
  • Arab rich artistic traditions were enhanced by
  • Islam forbade depiction of living things
  • based on the idea that only Allah can create life
  • Led to development of Calligraphy
  • Art of beautiful handwriting
  • Architecture
  • Greatest cultural blending
  • Blend of Byzantine, Persian, and European
  • Mosques
  • Usually had a minaret (tower) and a prayer room
  • Variety of design styles that reflected the
    diversity of Muslim lands

  • Dome of the Rock
  • The Great Mosque in Mecca

Muslim Cultural Achievements Muslim Scientific Achievements
Architecture Arabic numerals
Mosaics Algebra
Arabic Alphabet Medicine
Universities Expansion of geographic knowledge
Translation of ancient texts to Arabic