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PowerPoint Presentation - 13 Colonies

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Title: PowerPoint Presentation - 13 Colonies Author: Mr. Hostetter Last modified by: Van Created Date: 3/12/2002 9:21:02 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: PowerPoint Presentation - 13 Colonies


1
13 Colonies
Life in early America
Objectives/Standards Describe the contributions
of geographic and economic conditions, religion,
and colonial systems of government to the
development of American democratic
practices. Describe the geography, cultures, and
economics of the Southern, Middle Atlantic, and
New England Colonies. Describe interactions
(e.g., agricultural and cultural exchanges,
alliances, conflicts) between Native Americans
and European settlers.
2
Coming to America
Teacherspayteachers.com Jessica Giuliani
3
Vocabulary
Colony What is a colony? A settlement in a new
area. The first colonies in North America were
along the eastern coast. Settler What is a
settler? A person that moves to an area, usually
to colonize. . Settlers came from Spain,
France, Sweden, Holland, and England.
4
Original 13 Colonies
5
Reasons Why
  • Some people didnt like, or agree with, the
    Church of England.
  • They wanted the Church to be more pure. These
    people were called Puritans.
  • They decided to start a colony in the North East
    part of America.

6
Other Reasons Why
  • Wealth and resources
  • New beginning
  • Get out of debt
  • Escape political persecution

7
The Colonies
Each colony was unique in its characteristics.
However, they are grouped together based on
location, reasons they were founded, and what
types of industries they had.
New England Colonies Rhode Island Connecticut Mass
achusetts New Hampshire
Middle Colonies Delaware Pennsylvania New
York New Jersey
Southern Colonies Maryland Virginia North
Carolina South Carolina Georgia
8
New England Colonies
9
Vocabulary
Frontier What is a frontier?Lands beyond the
areas already settled. Colonists would expand
their settlements beyond what was already
colonized by heading in a westerly direction.
Sometimes this expansion would cause conflicts
with Native Americans. Charter What is a
charter? An official paper. Settlers had
permission from the King of England to start
colonies in America.
10
New England Colonies
The settlers here wanted to keep their family
together and practice their own religions. They
were used to doing many things themselves and not
depending on other people for much. Some were
looking for economic opportunities. Some starting
fishing settlements
11
New England Colonies
People in New England towns lived, worked, and
worshiped close together. People used a barter
system instead of money. This means to trade
goods. The meetinghouse was the most important
building in the town.
Facts
12
New England Colonies
Women and girls spent hours cooking and preparing
food. They churned butter and dried fruits. This
food was stored to last through the winter. They
used animal fat to make candles and soaps. The
men would hunt and work in the fields. They also
made their own tools.
Facts
13
New England Colonies
Economy
-ship building and fishing/ whaling -made their
own clothes and shoes -mostly small farms due to
poor soil but some goods shipped out -Boston was
the major New England port.
14
New England Colonies
By 1750, busy cities cropped up around the New
England colonies. Some colonists lived in small
towns surrounded by farm land outside of the big
cities.
15
New England Colonies
School
One room One teacher Very strict, children were
often whipped for punishment The main subject
was reading
16
Middle Colonies
17
Vocabulary
Refuge What is refuge?A safe place. Many
colonists longed to find a refuge to live and
worship that was away from the Kings rules.
18
Vocabulary
Immigrant What is an immigrant?A person that
comes into a country to start a new life. People
came to America from many different places to
start a new life. Diversity What is
diversity?A group of people from very different
backgrounds. The Middle colonies were an
interesting place to live because of the
diversity among the people.
19
Middle Colonies
The settlers here were looking to practice their
own religion or to make money. Many of these
people didn't bring their families with them from
England and were the perfect workers for the hard
work required in ironworks and shipyards.
20
Middle Colonies
Economy
-These Colonies were part agriculture, part
industrial -Wheat and other grains were grown
-Factories produced iron, paper and
textiles -Trading goods with England was common
21
Middle Colonies
Facts
-Sometimes called the The Bread Basket colonies
because they grew so many crops for making
bread. -In addition to the lush land for growing
crops, there were several large harbors. -
Germans built the Conestoga wagon here
22
Middle Colonies
Facts
-Settlers that lived here came from many
different places and backgrounds. -Dutch,
Swedish, French, Belgian, English, and more! Many
lived in Philadelphia -Philadelphia means
brotherly love in Greek. It was founded on the
principles of living peacefully together.
23
Middle Colonies
The Quakers
-Believed all people were equal -Refused to
swear loyalty to the king or queen -Refused to
participate in war -Came to the Americas for
refuge and worship -Lived in New Jersey, New
York, Pennsylvania
24
Southern Colonies
25
Vocabulary
Overseer What is a overseer?Someone that was
hired to watch slaves as they worked. Plantation
owners hired overseers to watch the slaves and
make sure they did their jobs. Indigo What is
indigo?A plant that was used in making blue
dye. The farmers grew indigo plants. Indigo was
an important cash crop for the Southern colonies.

26
Southern Colonies
The settlers here, for the most part, wanted to
make money. They brought their families and they
kept them together on the plantations. But their
main reason for being here was to make the good
money.
27
Southern Colonies
Economy
-almost entirely agricultural -plantations were
abundant but not everyone lived on one. Small
farms as well. -a large part of the workforce
was African slaves -plantations grew tobacco,
rice, and indigo
28
Southern Colonies
Facts
-Slavery was legal -Children born to slaves
became slave themselves -Sometimes families were
broken apart and sold to other plantation
owners -Enslaved people were often abused or
beaten
29
Colonial Life
30
Facts About School
  • Boys normally went to grammar schools while girls
    went to dame school.
  • There were no chalkboards, maps, or paper.
  • School teachers were strict and were allowed to
    hit their students or make them wear a dunce hat
    if they were bad or said the wrong answer.

31
Other Facts About School
  • In the New England colonies, children were taught
    to read so they could study the Bible. Boys got
    to also learn Latin and Math and other subjects
    to get into college. Girls could learn to read,
    but they weren't allowed to go to grammar school
    or to college.
  • In the Middle Colonies, most schools were
    private. Students also learned other subjects so
    they could get into college. Girls weren't
    allowed to attend (unless they were Quakers).
  • In the Southern Colonies, children were mostly
    taught at home. As in the other colonies,
    Southern girls did not go to higher schooling.

32
Free Time
Barn Raising (was a social event!)
Sleigh Rides Ice Skate
Make new clothes
Plays
Dances Social Clubs
33
Conflict in the Colonies
As colonists settled and spread across New
England, they entered land that was already lived
on by Native Americans.
34
Conflict in the Colonies
The Native Americans and colonists began
attacking each others villages. They had very
different ideas about owning land. Natives
believed no one could own land while colonists
believed you could own it if you claim
it. Arguments began to lead to war resulting in
lives lost. Some tribes were nearly completely
wiped out.
35
Vocabulary Quiz
Colony settler frontier charter indigo Refuge
immigrant diversity overseer
Study your vocabulary words. There is a quiz on
the next page.
36
Vocabulary Quiz
Colony settler frontier charter indigo Refuge
immigrant diversity overseer
  1. A plant used to make blue dye.
  2. Someone hired to watch slaves.
  3. An official piece of paper.
  4. The area west of a colony thatis to be settled.
  5. A settlement in a new area.
  • 6. A safe place.
  • 7. A person that comes into a country to
    start a new life.
  • A person that settled in the colonies.
  • The word from when people are from all different
    backgrounds.

37
Vocabulary Quiz
Answers
  1. Indigo
  2. Overseer
  3. Charter
  4. Frontier
  5. Colony
  6. Refuge
  7. Immigrant
  8. Settler
  9. Diversity

38
Fact opinion
Decide which are facts and which are opinions.
On the next slide, decide if the statement is
fact or opinion. Then, tell why. Fact A state
that is supported by evidence and is
true. Opinion A statement that tells what a
person might believe or feel.
39
Fact opinion
Decide which are facts and which are opinions.
  1. The settlers traded goods with each other.
  2. Farming families were the best workers.
  3. Slaves were owned by plantation owners.
  4. Leaders during this time were excellent speakers.
  5. The Quakers had the best ideas about religion.
  6. If children misbehaved in school, they would be
    punished.
  7. Trading is a better way to run a community than
    using money.
  8. The Southern colonies had many plantations.

FACT
OPINION
FACT
OPINION
OPINION
FACT
OPINION
FACT
40
Fact opinion
Write 3 facts and 3 opinions about the colonists
and their lives by making a t-chart.
Facts opinions
41
Assignment
OBJECTIVE Students will write an historical
fiction paragraph in the form of a journal entry.
Step 1 Imagine you are a colonist from either
the New England, Middle, or Southern
colonies. Step 2 Write a journal entry of your
life during this time. It should be a few
paragraphs long. Step 3 Include your thoughts,
feelings, activities around you, conflicts, daily
life, etc. Hint use a combination of the notes
your took from this presentation, research from
your Social Studies book, library books, or
internet to assist you in your facts.
42
Rubric
1 2 3 4
Too short, less than 6 sentences. Not in journal form. 7 - 10 total sentences Paragraphs are small. 11 - 15 total sentences. In journal form. Appropriate length of 15 sentences split into 2 paragraphs. Is in journal form.
Does not reference daily life. References daily life sometimes. Daily life is referenced, facts accurate. Daily life is referenced, facts accurate. Feelings and thoughts some great effort.
Is not clear what colony area you are from. No facts to back it up. Is semi clear what colony area you are from. Some facts as evidence. Colony area is mentioned. Facts are clear. Colony area is clearly identified and described. Effort is above and beyond.
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