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Middle East Review

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Title: Middle East Review Author: Melissa Last modified by: jcboe Created Date: 8/16/2006 12:00:00 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Middle East Review


1
FRIDAY FAST CASH
2
QUESTION 1
  • What is another term that describes the region of
    Southwest Asia?
  • MIDDLE EAST

3
QUESTION 5
  • What is the name of the land inhabited by
    Palestinian Arabs but controlled by Israel west
    of the Jordan River?
  • WEST BANK

4
QUESTION 9
  • What is the name of the sea that is part of the
    Indian Ocean near the countries of India,
    Pakistan, Iran, and the Arabian Peninsula?
  • ARABIAN SEA

5
QUESTION 11
  • What dry and mountainous landlocked country that
    once had the Taliban government borders Pakistan
    and Iran?
  • AFGHANISTAN

6
QUESTION 13
  • What country in the Middle East borders the
    Mediterranean Sea, Egypt, Jordan, Syria, and
    Lebanon and is considered the holy land to the
    religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam?
  • ISRAEL

7
QUESTION 16
  • Turkey has built dams on the Tigris and Euphrates
    Rivers to generate hydroelectric power. Syria
    and Iraq complain that Turkey uses too much of
    the water. This environmental issue involves
  • Water rights

8
QUESTION 20
  • Which country in the Middle East has the most oil
    reserves in the world and uses profits from this
    industry to build schools, roads, and provide
    jobs for its citizens?
  • SAUDI ARABIA

9
QUESTION 15
  • What resource is scarce (in very limited supply)
    in the Middle East due to its arid (dry) climate?
  • FRESH WATER

10
QUESTION 21
  • What is the name of the organization that
    consists of countries that have an abundance of
    oil and control the price and supply of petroleum
    (oil) they produce?
  • O.P.E.C. - Organization of Petroleum Exporting
    Countries

11
QUESTION 23
  • What agricultural method of acquiring water does
    Israel and other countries use to grow crops in
    dry regions of the country?
  • IRRIGATION

12
QUESTION 3
  • What two rivers begin in Turkey and eventually
    flow into Syria and Iraq before going into the
    Persian Gulf?
  • EUPHRATES and TIGRIS RIVERS

13
QUESTION 7
  • What narrow body of water connects the Persian
    Gulf to the Arabian Sea and is an important
    waterway for oil trading countries in the Middle
    East?
  • STRAIT OF HORMUZ

14
QUESTION 12
  • What is the large country on the Arabian
    Peninsula that is very dry and borders the Red
    Sea, Arabian Sea, and Persian Gulf?
  • SAUDI ARABIA

15
QUESTION 10
  • What small country with lots of oil borders the
    Persian Gulf, Iraq, and Saudi Arabia?
  • KUWAIT

16
QUESTION 14
  • What large country borders Iraq, Turkey,
    Afghanistan, and Pakistan and used to be part of
    the Persian Empire?
  • IRAN

17
QUESTION 24
  • What type of economic system is found in Saudi
    Arabia, in which the government controls basic
    industries like oil and farming and does not
    allow the citizens to have businesses and profit
    by selling their products?
  • COMMAND ECONOMY

18
QUESTION 22
  • Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq, and Kuwait all border
    the Persian Gulf and are members of OPEC. What
    resource do these countries rely on to become
    rich and build their economy?
  • OIL

19
QUESTION 26
  • Which country in the Middle East has this type of
    government where there is a supreme religious
    leader (Ayatollah Khamenei) and a president
    (Mahmoud Ahmadinejad)?
  • IRAN

20
QUESTION 28
  • Which country has a parliamentary democracy with
    a president and prime minister while a powerful
    legislature called the Knesset that is influence
    by Jewish Law?
  • ISRAEL

21
QUESTION 32
  • What are the three monotheistic religions that
    originated in Mesopotamia in the Middle East?
  • JUDAISM
  • CHRISTIANITY
  • ISLAM

22
QUESTION 31
  • What is the name of a good that is bought and
    shipped into the country because they dont have
    enough to meet their own countrys demand?
  • IMPORT

23
QUESTION 2
  • What river shares a border between Israel and
    Jordan and is part of a dispute between these
    countries over the valuable resource of fresh
    water?
  • JORDAN RIVER

24
QUESTION 17
  • The extraction of what abundant resource in the
    Middle East causes a lot of air, soil, and water
    pollution?
  • OIL (PETROLEUM)

25
QUESTION 4
  • What is the name of the sea that separates Africa
    from Asia that borders Egypt and Saudi Arabia?
  • RED SEA

26
QUESTION 18
  • What body of water in Egypt that connects the Red
    Sea to the Mediterranean Sea is considered a very
    important trade route?
  • SUEZ CANAL

27
QUESTION 8
  • What is the name of the gulf in the Middle East
    that borders oil rich nations such as Saudi
    Arabia, Kuwait, Iraq, and Iran?
  • PERSIAN GULF

28
QUESTION 6
  • What is the name of the narrow strip of land in
    Israel that is close to Egypt that is a source of
    tension between Arabs and Jews?
  • GAZA STRIP

29
QUESTION 19
  • What resource is plentiful in the Middle East
    that they are able to export for a profit that
    helps their economies?
  • OIL

30
QUESTION 29
  • What is the name of a good that is a surplus
    (extra) in one country and is sold and shipped
    out to another country?
  • EXPORT

31
QUESTION 36
  • Place of worship for Jews?
  • SYNAGOGUE

32
QUESTION 33
  • What was the 1st religion to believe in only one
    God that was founded by Abraham that developed in
    Canaan, which is modern day Palestine and Israel?
  • JUDAISM

33
QUESTION 45
  • What are the two main sects (groups) of Muslims
    that disagree over who should succeed (replace)
    Muhammad as the leader of Islam?
  • SUNNI AND SHIA

34
QUESTION 39
  • What is the religious text for Islam?
  • QURAN

35
QUESTION 42
  • What are the most important teachings of Islam?
  • FIVE PILLARS OF ISLAM

36
QUESTION 34
  • What city in Israel is considered holy to the
    three major religions that began in the Middle
    East Southwest Asia?
  • JERUSALEM

37
QUESTION 37
  • What religion teaches that there is one god and
    that Muhammad is the prophet?
  • ISLAM

38
QUESTION 46
  • Which Muslim group makes up a majority of all
    Muslims in the world (85) and believes that the
    people should decide who is the Islamic leader
    and successor to Muhammad?
  • SUNNI

39
QUESTION 40
  • Followers of Islam?
  • MUSLIMS

40
QUESTION 43
  • What religion later spread into the Roman empire
    and eventually became the dominant religion in
    Europe?
  • CHRISTIANITY

41
QUESTION 38
  • The origins (beginnings) of Islam started in what
    city in Saudi Arabia?
  • MECCA

42
QUESTION 41
  • Who was the founder of Christianity?
  • JESUS

43
QUESTION 48
  • What religion was founded by Jesus Christ that
    continues the teachings of Judaism and teaches
    about love and forgiveness?
  • CHRISTIANITY

44
QUESTION 35
  • What is the term that defines a religion as
    worshipping just one God?
  • MONOTHEISM

45
QUESTION 44
  • Which religion would spread due to migration and
    military factors from Saudi Arabia into the rest
    of the Middle East, North Africa, Western Europe,
    and parts of South/east Asia?
  • ISLAM

46
QUESTION 47
  • Which Muslim group makes up a minority (15) of
    all Muslims in the world and believes that
    Muhammads successor should be a descendent or
    relative of Muhammad?
  • SHIA

47
QUESTION 60
  • While Judaism and Christianity are practiced in
    Southwest Asia, what religion is most common in
    the Middle East?
  • ISLAM
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