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Period of Disunion

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Period of Disunion 220 589: After the fall of the Han Dynasty China split into rival kingdoms This period was filled with war Many nomadic people settled in ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Period of Disunion


1
Period of Disunion
  • 220 589
  • After the fall of the Han Dynasty China split
    into rival kingdoms
  • This period was filled with war
  • Many nomadic people settled in Northern China
  • The culture was mixed and not unified

2
Sui Dynasty581-618 CE
3
Religion and Culture
  • 1. Buddhism spread from traders and monks who
    traveled the Silk Road from India.
  • 2. It was welcomed as a way to escape suffering
    from earlier disunion. (pg.169)
  • 3. Many wealthy people gave money to Buddhist
    temples which were architectural wonders. They
    housed huge statues of Buddha.
  •  

4
Technology and Achievements
  • 1. The Grand Canal 600 miles that linked
    northern and southern China. Used to transport
    rice to northern cities and armies. (pg.167)
  • 2. Rebuilt the Great Wall to protect from
    northern invaders.
  •  

5
Government and Unification
  • 1. Emperor Yang Jian unified China. He restored
    order after the Period of Disunion.
  •  

6
Trade
  • 1. The Grand Canal made trade of food and culture
    possible and easier from north to south.

7
Tang Dynasty618-907 CE
8
Religion and Culture
  • 1. Late in the Tang Dynasty, Confucian thought
    became popular. It taught a code of behavior
    based on respect.

9
Technology and Achievements
  • 1. Expanded and improved Grand Canal
  • 2. Great artists painted murals celebrating
    Buddhism.
  • 3. Sculpture and poetry also became popular.
  •  

10
Government and Unification
  • Empress Wu Ruled with an iron fist in order to
    unify China and prevent disunion.
  •  

11
Trade
  1. Began to trade overland with foreigners.
  2. Trade with India in the west, and Korea and Japan
    in the east. Products included silk, rice spices,
    tea, and jade.

12
Another period of disunion!
  • Chaos and disunion occurred as different
    kingdoms competed for power
  • Lasted 53 years

13
Song Dynasty960-1279
14
Religion and Culture
  • Confucius had lived1500 years earlier
    Confucianism had a resurgence during the Song
    period. (pg.177)
  • Confucius taught that people should have respect
    for others (family, government and education) and
    follow appropriate customs and beliefs (proper
    behavior). (pg.178)
  •  

15
Technology and Achievements
  • Dragons backbone pump scooped water from one
    place in order to dump in canal for crop
    irrigation. (pg.170)
  • Fast-ripening rice increased food production.
    (pg.171)
  •  

16
Government and Unification
  1. A merit system for government jobs - People
    became government officials by passing civil
    service examinations. If the examination was
    passed they became very respected scholar
    officials and worked for the government
    bureaucracy.

17
Trade
  • Porcelain (China) was invented and traded with
    foreigners. As with silk, they protected this
    knowledge to ensure their control of the
    porcelain trade.

18
Yuan Dynasty (Mongol)1279-1368 CE
19
Religion and Culture
  • The Mongols were different than the Chinese
    They spoke a different language, worshipped
    different gods, wore different clothing and had
    different customs The Chinese thought the
    Mongols were rude and uncivilized. (pg.181)
  • Mongols tolerated (accepted) Chinese traditions
    and philosophies. Many adopted Chinese ways.
    (pg.182)
  •  

20
Technology and Achievements
  1. With taxes collected from the Chinese, they
    built new roads and palaces (pg.182)
  2. Created a postal system.
  3. Built new capital, Dadu. (pg.182)

21
Government and Unification
  1. 1211 Genghis Khan Organized a fierce army and
    started to attack China in the north (pg.180)
  2. 1279 Kublai Khan (grandson of Genghis) declared
    himself Emperor of China. (pg.187)
  3. They heavily taxed the Chinese but allowed them
    to keep their own belief systems. (pg.182)

22
Trade
  1. Mongols traded by sea and by land which,
    increased contact with the West.
  2. The military protected overland trade routes,
    which made it safer for foreign traders.
  3. Marco Polo Italian merchant who served under
    Kublai Khans court. He determined that China was
    highly civilized. And wrote a boo about it.

23
Ming Dynasty1368-1644 CE
24
Religion and Culture
  • Buddhism, Daoism and Confucianism are still
    important influences in China today.

25
Technology and Achievements
  • They built the Forbidden City in Beijing. It had
    9,000 rooms and government buildings. Only the
    upper class could go in. (pg.184)
  • Restoration of the Great Wall Expanded to over
    2,000 miles long! (pg.185)

26
Government and Unification
  1. They expelled (kicked out) the Mongols.
  2. Emperors became more powerful.
  3. Civil service system is used (had to pass
    examinations to become scholar officials).
    (pg.186) 

27
Trade
  • Sailor Zheng He led many grand voyages all over
    Asia and Africa. He returned with representatives
    from over 30 nations to honor the Chinese king.
    (183)
  • Isolationism Ming emperors concluded the West
    has little to offer so they restricted trade and
    other interactions. (186) 
  • China avoided outside contact and fell behind
    other countries in technology and military power.
    (pg.186)
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