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EXODUS

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Title: The in-between time Author: Dorothy Jonaitis OP Last modified by: Stew Created Date: 8/14/2005 12:54:03 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Date added: 17 October 2019
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Title: EXODUS


1
  • EXODUS

2
1.4 Exodus
  • The Desert Experience

3
Exodus - desert
  • The desert experience
  • We started in Egypt
  • Yahweh overcame Pharaoh
  • Passover memorializes divine Intervention
  • Yahweh - warrior god
  • Opened the Reed Sea

4
The desert experience
  • Moses leads the people into the desert.
  • Where are we going?
  • Mt. Sinai and the covenant experience.

5
Theme
  • Tonight focus on the early desert experience.
  • Note the theme
  • Gods gracious care of the people
  • in the desert.

6
Route
  • Route in the desert.
  • Dont know the actual route.
  • Educated guesses.
  • Place names lost.
  • The southern Sinai route is favored.

7
One view of the desert
  • One view of the desert experience in ch 16 18
  • Not so much to trace the steps of the Israelites
  • But to show the tension between the Israelites
    and Moses

8
One view of the desert
  • Desert a place and a symbol
  • In scripture
  • place of revelation
  • training ground for faith and obedience
  • Survival is not guaranteed
  • People must help each other to survive
  • Need to survive fosters a trust in God
  • People hear God more clearly unencumbered by
    civilization

9
Refuge
  • Desert functions as a place of refuge from
    oppression
  • Israelites from Pharaoh

10
Temptations
  • 4 temptations in the desert
  • 1 To go back to the previous condition
  • 2 To hoard what you can survive (food)
  • 3 To give up
  • 4 To believe that God is not enough

11
2 Lessons
  • Result 2 lessons about God
  • 1 God is there in the desert and
  • journeys with his people
  • 2 We must learn dependence on God

12
Focus
  • Remember
  • God does not call Israel to live in the desert
  • But to cross the desert to live in the promised
    land

13
Analysis of Texts
  • Chapter 16
  • Notice the grumbling motif
  • Read Ex 1522-24
  • Read Ex 161-3
  • Why no punishment ?

14
Theme
  • Gods gracious care of the
  • people in the desert.

15
Analysis of Texts
  • Chapter 16
  • Bread from heaven
  • Read Ex 164
  • Read Jn 641

16
Analysis of Texts
  • Chapter 16
  • Read Ex 166 12
  • The grumbling motif represents
  • The temptation to reject Gods saving plan
  • A form of temptation - theological despair

17
Analysis of Texts
  • Again God responds
  • Not with punishment
  • But consistent with the theme Gods gracious
    care of the people in the desert

18
Analysis of Texts
  • Quail and Manna
  • Read Ex 1613-15
  • Gods gifts are quail and manna
  • Both are natural occurrences
  • Biblical author uses to show how God cares and
    provides for his people

19
Analysis of Texts
  • Manna
  • The tamarisk tree on the Sinai host two insects
  • Their natural secretion drops to the ground
  • It hardens in the night air
  • The Bedouins prize this delicacy for its
    sweetness
  • This is probably the substance that the
    Israelites gathered in the early morning as bread
    manna

20
Analysis of Texts
  • Quail
  • Species of small bird migrates
  • Europe gt Sinai in Spring and Fall
  • In migration across the Mediterranean they can
    encounter shifting winds
  • Migration becomes a fight for survival
  • Upon reaching land they set down exhausted and
    can be captured easily

21
Analysis of Texts
  • Biblical author uses
  • Plight of the Israelites
  • Naturally occurring phenomena to demonstrate
  • 1 Gods gracious care
  • 2 How God encourages and responds to faith
  • God is forming his people in the trials of the
    desert
  • We (the readers) are treated to a lesson in faith

22
Analysis of Texts
  • Chapter 17
  • More grumbling at Massah and Meribah
  • Massah means the test
  • Meribah means the quarreling
  • Read Ex 172-7
  • Etiology cause and origin of place name

23
Analysis of Texts
  • Chapter 17
  • The battle with the Amalekites
  • Read Ex 178-16
  • The Amalekites controlled the caravan routes
    between Egypt and Arabia
  • Waged war against the Israelites
  • - possibly saw them as a threat
  • The author is dealing with them harshly, note v
    14b
  • I will completely blot out the memory of Amalek
    from under the heavens.

24
Analysis of Texts
  • Chapter 17
  • Some authors see this story as a legend.
  • What is a legend ? a narrative whose purpose is
    to edify
  • Think of Davy Crockett real person, enhanced by
    legend
  • Here the subject of edification is Moses
  • In the battle he is heroic in his fearless
    adherence to Gods instruction
  • He is a model of faith

25
Analysis of Texts
  • Chapter 18
  • Meeting with Jethro Moses father in law who
    brings Zipporah Moses wife.
  • He is a priest of Midian, a Midianite
  • He is a non-Israelite who recognizes the power of
    Yahweh over other gods
  • This reflects a time when the Midianites were
    friendly with the Israelites later they will be
    enemies.

26
Analysis of Texts
  • Chapter 18
  • Organization and appointment of minor judges
  • This undoubtedly occurred at a later time
  • Organization and judicial appointments are
    indications of a sedentary culture
  • Here a subsequent experience is being read back
    into the desert experience
  • Thus a later solution is attributed to Moses

27
  • End

28
Exodus as Paradigm of the Spiritual Journey
EGYPT
DESERT JOURNEY
PROMISED LAND
COVENANT
foreign land not at home darkness place of
bondage oppression doubtful future limitations old
self dissatisfaction
doubts struggle faith tested fears anger despair h
ard to trust searching questions inklings of
hope looking back
DELIVERANCE
new life future open community New
home possibility new dreams liberation
commitment promise solidarity inner
strength trust deep reliance on God new peace
God acts critical event insight possibility courag
e to envision calling toward freedom search for
wholeness sending forth
Endings Neutral Zone
Beginnings
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