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A brief history of Judaism

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A brief history of Judaism Hebrews. Israelites. Jews. ALL are from within JUDAISM as a culture, a people group and as a religion. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: A brief history of Judaism


1
A brief history of Judaism
  • Hebrews.
  • Israelites.
  • Jews.
  • ALL are from within JUDAISM as a culture, a
    people group and as a religion.

2
Beginnings
  • The story of Israel as a nation unfolds beginning
    with the founding of the people by Abraham.

3
The journey to Egypt
  • Long after the time of Abraham, an agricultural
    crisis let the Israelites to move to Egypt.
  • The JOSEPH story Genesis 37, 39-50. (a long
    story highlighting its importance).

4
Slaves in Egypt!
  • The Hebrews grew in number and were forced into
    slavery by the Egyptians many years later.
  • They were slaves for about 400 years being used
    to build structures for the Egyptians.

5
Moses
  • Moses was born as a slave and hidden in a basket
    on the river Nile.
  • Moses was then found by an Egyptian Princess who
    raised him in the royal palace.
  • Moses grew up thinking he was an Egyptian until
    he realised who his family were.
  • Moses killed an Egyptian for mistreating a Jewish
    slave.

6
Moses contd.
  • Moses ran away and became a shepherd.
  • One day he came across a Burning Bush where he
    heard the voice of G-d.
  • G-d told him to go back to Egypt to free the
    Hebrew/Jewish slaves.
  • G-d told him that He would help him.

7
Moses back in Egypt
  • Moses returned to ask Pharaoh to let G-ds people
    go free.
  • Pharaoh refused and G-d sent 10 plagues in total
    to make Pharaoh change his mind.
  • Blood
  • Frogs
  • Vermin
  • Beasts
  • Cattle Disease
  • Boils
  • Hail
  • Locusts
  • Darkness
  • Slaying of First Born

8
FREEDOM!
  • After the last plague the death of the first
    born, Pharaoh decided to let the Jews go.
  • But then Pharaoh changed his mind and chased
    after them.
  • At the YAM SUPH (Red Sea) Moses held his staff
    over the water and the sea parted allowing the
    Jews to cross.
  • When the Egyptians tried to cross the water came
    down over them and they were drowned.

9
Desert wanderings
  • After G-d gave Moses the Torah including the 10
    commandments the Jews did not follow G-ds ways.
  • They were on their way to the Promised Land
    Canaan, but G-d punished them for by making them
    wander around the desert for 40 years.

10
Into the Promised Land
  • Over the next several centuries Israel became a
    moderately powerful nation under Saul, David, and
    Solomon.
  • After Solomons death the Kingdom was divided in
    two parts.
  • The northern segment of Israel was overrun by the
    Assyrian Empire late in the 8th century BC.
  • The southern part known as the nation of Judah
    was conquered by the Babylonians early in the 6th
    century.

11
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12
Judah
  • After the Babylonians conquered Judah they made
    most of the people move to Babylon (Iran/Iraq).
  • Eventually the Jews returned to their homeland.
  • Next they were conquered by the Greeks.
  • Then they were conquered by the Romans

13
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14
Expelled! Then return!
  • The Romans occupied Israel until 70 CE when they
    finally expelled the Jews.
  • The Jews travelled all over the world not having
    a country of their own for the next 2000 years
    until just after the second world war when the
    nation of Israel was reformed in Palestine.
    (1948).
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