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Atlantic South America

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CHAPTER 11 Atlantic South America Section 1: Physical Geography Section 2: Brazil Section 3: Argentina Section 4: Uruguay and Paraguay Objectives: What landforms and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Atlantic South America


1
Atlantic South America
CHAPTER 11
  • Section 1 Physical Geography
  • Section 2 Brazil
  • Section 3 Argentina
  • Section 4 Uruguay and Paraguay

2
Objectives
Section 1Physical Geography
  • What landforms and rivers are found in Atlantic
    South America?
  • What are the regions climates, vegetation, and
    wildlife like?
  • What are some of the regions important resources?

3
Atlantic South Americas Landforms
Section 1Physical Geography
  • Plains and plateausAmazon River basin, Brazilian
    Highlands, Brazilian plateau, Gran Chaco, Pampas
  • Mountainsthe Andes Mount Aconcagua rises 22,834
    feet

4
Atlantic South Americas Rivers
Section 1Physical Geography
  • River systemsthe Amazon is the worlds largest
    river system the Parana River system drains the
    central region and forms borders with Paraguay,
    Brazil, and Argentina

5
Climate, Vegetation, and Wildlife of Atlantic
South America
Section 1Physical Geography
  • Rain foresthumid tropical daily rainfall the
    worlds greatest variety of plant and animal
    life wildlife includes piranhas, jaguars,
    anacondas, sloths
  • Plains and plateausclimates vary from tropical
    rain forests to drier grasslands and humid
    subtropical and humid tropical wildlife includes
    armadillos, pumas, red wolves, 60 snake species

6
Important Resources
Section 1Physical Geography
  • The Amazon rain forestfood, wood, rubber,
    medicine
  • Gold, silver, copper, iron, oil
  • Hydroelectric power from rivers
  • Agriculture soil exhaustion is a problem in the
    region

7
Objectives
Section 2 Brazil
  • What is the history of Brazil?
  • What are important characteristics of Brazils
    people and culture?
  • What are Brazils four major regions like today?

8
Brazils History
Section 2 Brazil
  • Brazils first inhabitants were hunters,
    fishermen and small-scale farmers.
  • Portuguese settlers arrived in 1500 and created
    sugar plantations Indians and imported Africans
    used for slave labor sugar plantations replaced
    forests.
  • Settlers also developed ranching, mining, and
    coffee industries.

9
Brazils History (continued)
Section 2 Brazil
  • Brazil gained independence from Portugal in 1822
    series of dictatorships and elected governments
    followed.

10
Characteristics of Brazils People and Culture
Section 2Brazil
  • Portuguese is the official language other
    languages also spoken.
  • 70 percent Catholic Macumba also practiced
  • Mixture of African, Brazilian and European
    cultural traditions Carnival celebrated
  • Population is of mixed descent varying immigrant
    influences are seen in diet, language, and
    tradition.

11
Brazils Four Major Regions
Section 2 Brazil
  • The Amazonisolated Indian villages major city
    is Manaus development is threatening rain forest
    and Indian populations
  • The Northeastmany old colonial cities Brazils
    poorest region illiteracy high poor health
    care huge favelas

12
Brazils Four Major Regions (continued)
Section 2 Brazil
  • The Southeastmajor coffee producer rich in
    natural resources most populous region Rio de
    Janeiro and São Paolo
  • The Interiorsavannas and dry woodlands Brasília
    founded here to bring development

13
Objectives
Section 3Argentina
  • What is the history of Argentina?
  • What are important characteristics of Argentinas
    people and culture?
  • What is Argentina like today?

14
Argentinas History
Section 3Argentina
  • Early 1500s first Spanish settlement established
    under encomienda system
  • Gauchos herded cattle and horses on the Pampas
    huge ranches established
  • Argentina gains independence in 1816 instability
    and violence persisted, killing off most native
    Indians
  • Wars subsided by the late 1870s

15
Argentinas People and Culture
Section 3Argentina
  • Majority of the population is of European
    descent 3 percent native Indian descendants
  • Roman Catholicism is the dominant religion.
  • Spanish is the official language.
  • Beef is an important element in diet and
    agriculture.

16
Argentina Today
Section 3Argentina
  • Has had democratic government since 1983
  • Has rich natural resources and a well-educated
    population
  • Major cityBuenos Airesis the second largest
    city in South America.
  • Member of Mercosur
  • Has a large agriculture export industry

17
Objectives
Section 4Uruguay and Paraguay
  • What are the people and economy of Uruguay like
    today?
  • What are the people and economy of Paraguay like
    today?

18
Uruguay
Section 4Uruguay and Paraguay
  • Strong democratic tradition despite occasional
    military rule
  • 88 percent European descent 12 percent mestizo,
    African, or Indian
  • Roman Catholicism is dominant.
  • 90 percent of the population lives in urban areas.

19
Uruguay (continued)
Section 4Uruguay and Paraguay
  • Literacy rate is high.
  • A Mercosur partner agriculture is an important
    economic element
  • Beach resorts support tourism.

20
Paraguay
Section 4Uruguay and Paraguay
  • Elected government since 1989
  • 95 percent mestizo population
  • Official language is Spanish most people speak
    Guarani as well.
  • Most wealth is controlled by a few families and
    companies.

21
Paraguay (continued)
Section 4Uruguay and Paraguay
  • Much of the economy is traditional agriculture
    is key element.
  • Promising future possible able to sell
    hydroelectric power to Brazil and Argentina
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