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Rise of Jacksonian Democracy

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Title: Slide 1 Author: knawelchel Last modified by: student Created Date: 6/19/2008 2:06:53 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) Other titles – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Rise of Jacksonian Democracy


1
Rise of Jacksonian Democracy
2
Jackson as a Man of the People
  • Humble beginnings
  • First president not from Virginia or Mass.
    aristocracy
  • First president from the west
  • Example of a western individual
  • War of 1812 Hero
  • Called Old Hickory
  • Quick temper
  • Flawless control
  • Passionate Spirited
  • Tenacious drive
  • Successful lawyer and Congressman

3
He acts when an advisor steps beyond his
boundaries
Andrew Jackson
Meet Jackson
Thomas Hart Benton
4
Jacksons First Try at the Presidency
A candidate required 131 electors to win the
majority automatically win the presidency
5
Government Corruption?
John Quincy Adams
Henry Clay
Henry Clay was Speaker of the House of
Representatives
After all the votes are tallied, John Q. Adams
won vote, won presidency appointed Henry Clay
as Sect. of State
Many believed it was a corrupt bargain
Jackson believed the election was stolen the
accusation haunted John Quincy Adams Presidency
6
American System Under Adams
Adams had many plans for his presidency
Ideas like roads, canals, aid education
science, regulate natural resources
All of his plans were defeated in Congress, led
by Jackson supporters
7
Rise of the Democrats
  • Supported Jackson
  • Mistrust strong federal govt
  • Against rule of wealthy
  • Favor States Rights
  • Claimed to represent the common man
  • Individualists
  • Frontier pioneers
  • Laborers from big cities
  • Promoted majority rule

8
National Republicans Emerge
  • Supported Adams
  • Strong federal govt
  • Supported federal programs
  • Internal Improvements
  • Road building
  • Second Bank of the U.S.
  • Merchants Farmers
  • Jackson called them the privileged, wealthy elite

9
Common Man Votes
  • Suffrage right to vote
  • Jacksonian Democracy spread political power to
    the people
  • Ensure majority rule
  • For adult, white, men
  • 1828, 22 of 24 states changed constitutions
  • States allowed people to choose presidential
    electors
  • Not state legislatures

10
Voting Requirements in Early 19th Century
11
Voter Turnout in Mid-19th Century
12
The Election of
1828
13
Old Hickory takes the White House
  • Jacksons wife died shortly after his victory
  • 1st President whose inauguration took place in
    public
  • Not just Congress
  • Jackson opened the White House for people to come
    meet the President of the U.S.
  • Party _at_ the White House
  • Crowd was rowdy
  • Broke china, glasses

14
To the victor, go the
SPOILS!
Jackson was angered with government corruption
Vowed to purify the departments reform the
government
Jackson felt ordinary citizens could handle
government jobs replaced many officials with
his supporters
Critics saw this as the emergence of a tyrant,
they called him King Andrew I
Technically, Jackson removed only 919 of 10,093
employees on the federal payroll
True showing of how Jackson spoke freely without
reservation of critics
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