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Understanding Body Image and Eating Disorders

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Understanding Body Image and Eating Disorders 8th Grade FCE Health Unit – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Understanding Body Image and Eating Disorders


1
Understanding Body Image and Eating Disorders
  • 8th Grade FCE
  • Health Unit

2
StatisticsNational Eating Disorders Association,
www.nationaleatingdisorders.org
  • Over 50 of teenage girls and nearly one-third of
    teenage boys use unhealthy weight control
    practices.
  • 81 of 10 year olds are afraid of being fat.
  • In a national survey, 1 out of 3 girls said they
    changed something about their appearance to look
    like a person on T.V.

3
  • More Statistics on Eating Disorders and Body
    Image

10 of female college students have a borderline
eating disorder 5-15 of those individuals that
have anorexia are males 35 of individuals with
a binge-eating disorder are male 30-55 of girls
report trying dieting while in middle school for
the first time In a study of 10,000 teens, less
than ½ of the boys and approximately 1/3 of the
girls were happy with their bodies.
4
Body Image
  • Body Image is The emotional and psychological
    perception of your physical appearance.
  • Body image impacts self esteem
  • A person can have a
  • Positive Body Image
  • Negative Body Image
  • Distorted Body Image

5
Body Image Disorders
  • Muscle Dysmorphia or Bigorexia
  • Obsessed with building muscle
  • Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD)
  • Preoccupation with an imagined defect on your
    body
  • Compulsive Exercising
  • Feels guilty and exercises to control any calorie
    intake

6
Types of Eating Disorders
  • Anorexia
  • Bulimia
  • Compulsive Overeating
  • Binge Eating Disorder

7
Definitions, Symptoms, and Warning Signs
  • Anorexia Nervosa
  • Illness characterized by self-starvation and
    excessive weight loss.

8
SYMPTOMS of ANOREXIA
  • Primary Symptoms
  • Resists maintaining or adding weight to body
    always needing to lose weight
  • Fear of weight gain although already thin

9
SYMPTOMS of ANOREXIA
  • Loss of menstrual periods in girls and women
    post-puberty.
  • Denial of weight loss. Unable to see true image.

10
WARNING SIGNS of ANOREXIA
  • Dramatic weight loss
  • Extreme focus on weight issues, calories and food
  • Refusal to eat certain foods, progressing to
    restrictions against whole categories of food
  • Denies hunger
  • Uses food rituals (organizing food on plate,
    counting chewing)
  • Comments on own weight
  • Withdrawing from others

11
WARNING SIGNS of ANOREXIA
  • Loss of body fat and muscle mass
  • Difficulty dealing with cold temperatures
  • Fatigue/Problems with anemia
  • Irregular heartbeats
  • Osteoporosis
  • Organ failure
  • Death

12
Definitions, Symptoms, and Warning Signs
  • Bulimia Nervosa
  • Disorder characterized by periods of extreme
    eating and purging of foods through either
    vomiting, laxative use or exercise

13
SYMPTOMS of BULIMIA
  • Primary symptoms
  • Periods of extreme food consumption
  • Regular use of inappropriate compensatory
    behaviors such as self-induced vomiting, laxative
    or diuretic abuse, fasting, and/or obsessive or
    compulsive exercise.
  • Extreme concern with body weight and shape.

14
WARNING SIGNS of BULIMIA
  • Evidence of binge-eating--- large amounts of food
    disappearing in short periods of time, wrappers
    and containers indicating the consumption
  • of large amounts of food
  • Evidence of purging behaviors--- frequent trips
    to the bathroom after meals, signs and/or smells
    of vomiting, presence of wrappers or packages of
    laxatives or diuretics
  • Discoloration or staining of the teeth

15
WARNING SIGNS of BULIMIA
  • Excessive, rigid exercise routine
  • Unusual swelling of the cheeks or jaw area.
  • Calluses on the back of the hands and
  • knuckles from self-induced vomiting
  • Creation of complex lifestyle schedules or
    rituals to make time for binge-and-purge sessions
  • Erosion of esophagus and/or stomach
  • Inflammation of salivary glands
  • Fatigue and muscle weakness
  • Seizures

16
Definitions, Symptoms, and Warning Signs
Compulsive Overeating Individuals cope with
negative or unhappy feelings by eating food,
causing them to eat during moments when their
body doesnt require calories
17
WARNING SIGNS of Compulsive Overeating
  • Eating outside of typical meal times even when no
    longer hungry
  • Seeming withdrawn or depressed
  • Carrying/hiding snacks/prepackaged foods with
    them throughout the day
  • Diets consistently but with weight gain
  • Displays feelings of guilt about what they eat
  • Other health problems

18
Eating Disorder NOS, continued
  • Binge Eating Disorder (BED)
  • Recurrent binge eating without the regular use
    of compensatory measures to counter the binge
    eating.

19
Eating Disorders NOS, continued
  • Binge Eating Disorder includes the following
  • behaviors
  • Frequent episodes of eating large quantities of
    food in short periods of time.
  • Feeling out of control over eating behavior.
  • Feeling ashamed or disgusted by the behavior.
  • Eating when not hungry and eating in secret.

20
Risk Factors and Personality Traits Common in
Eating Disorders
  • Genetics
  • Biochemical
  • Psychological
  • Early Puberty in Females
  • History of Sexual, Physical, or Emotional Abuse
  • Cultural Influence/ Societal Pressure
  • Criticism of Ones Weight by Peers, Parents,
    Coaches
  • Perfectionism
  • Low Self-Esteem

21
Being a Good Friend
  • Be aware of our own attitudes, behaviors, and
    comments about food, exercise, dieting, and
    self-image.
  • Avoid making negative comments about ones size
    or appearance, including your own.
  • Focus on health when discussing food/diet and
    exercise versus fattening foods or exercise for
    the sake of body size/weight.

22
Gold Ticket Reflection
  • Using complete sentences, address one of the
    following quotes that reflects ideas about body
    image.
  • You can write whether you agree or disagree with
    the statement, and why.
  • You can reflect about the statement using
    knowledge you have learned while discussing body
    image and eating disorders.

23
Quotes
  • Beauty is only skin deep
  • Its whats inside, that counts
  • The mirror doesnt lie
  • Beauty is in the eye of the beholder
  • Thin, is in
  • You can never be too rich or too thin

24
Resources Websites
  • www.eatingdisorderinfo.org Academy for Eating
    Disorders website, a multidisciplinary
    professional organization that provides
    training and education for eating disorders.
  • www.anred.com  ANRED (Anorexia Nervosa and
    Related Eating Disorders, Inc). Website
  • www.anad.org National Association of Anorexia
    Nervosa and Associated Disorders website
  • www.nationaleatingdisorders.org The website for
    National Eating Disorders Association (NEDA)
  • www.something-fishy.org
  • http//eatingdisorders.about.com/od/riskfactors/p
    /negativesites.htm
  • http//eatingdisorders.about.com/od/riskfactors/R
    isk_Factors_for_Eating_Disorders.htm A wonderful
    source of useful and current information on
    Eating Disorders.
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