Daily Spark Thursday November 12th, 2009 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Daily Spark Thursday November 12th, 2009 PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 6df359-OWJkZ



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Daily Spark Thursday November 12th, 2009

Description:

Title: PowerPoint Presentation Author: Information Technology Last modified by: jdalrymple Created Date: 1/20/2005 6:32:35 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:36
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 32
Provided by: Informat121
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Daily Spark Thursday November 12th, 2009


1
Daily Spark Thursday November 12th, 2009
  • Remember to include todays date and use complete
    sentences.
  • What is the heliocentric theory?

2
Assignment Due Tomorrow
  • Research and present to class important
    information about your influential person from
    the scientific revolution and the enlightenment
    periods.
  • Who, What, Where, When, Why, How?

3
Influential People of the Scientific Revolution
and the Enlightenment
  • Rene Descartes
  • Nicolaus Copernicus
  • Galileo Galilei
  • Isaac Newton
  • Tycho Brahe
  • Johannes Kepler
  • Andreas Vasalius
  • Antony van Leeuwenhoek
  • Robert Hooke
  • Robert Boyle
  • Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier
  • John Locke
  • Jean-Jacque Rousseau
  • Baron de Montesquieu
  • Voltaire
  • Thomas Hobbes
  • Denis Diderot
  • Mary Wollstonecraft
  • Adam Smith

4
(No Transcript)
5
The Scientific Revolution
  • Preview
  • Starting Points Map European Centers of Learning
  • Main Idea / Reading Focus
  • Dawn of Modern Science
  • Quick Facts The Scientific Method
  • Discoveries in Astronomy, Physics, and Math

6
The Scientific Revolution
  • Preview, continued
  • Discoveries in Biology and Chemistry
  • Science and Society
  • Faces of History Galileo Galilei
  • Quick Facts Causes and Effects of the Scientific
    Revolution

7
Click the icon to play Listen to History audio.
Click the icon below to connect to the
Interactive Maps.
8
The Scientific Revolution
Main Idea New ways of thinking led to remarkable
discoveries during the Scientific Revolution.
  • Reading Focus
  • What changes led to the dawn of modern science?
  • What discoveries occurred in astronomy, physics,
    and math during the Scientific Revolution?
  • How did early scientists advance knowledge in
    biology and chemistry?
  • How did scientific ideas move beyond the realm of
    science and affect society?

9
Dawn of Modern Science
Some Middle Ages scholars sought answers about
the natural world from the church. In the
mid-1500s, others began to think in new ways.
10
Dawn of Modern Science
  • Ancient scholars could provide no information
    about new lands, people, animals
  • Age of Exploration led scientists to study
    natural world more closely
  • Other things to be discovered, things unknown to
    ancients
  • Navigators needed more accurate instruments,
    geographic knowledge
  • Scientists examined natural world, found it did
    not match ancient beliefs

11
The Scientific Method
12
(No Transcript)
13
Find the Main Idea What was the Scientific
Revolution?
Answer(s) a new way of thinking about the
natural world that challenged traditional views
and instead relied upon experimentation
14
Discoveries in Astronomy, Physics, and Math
  • Early scientists
  • Made significant contributions in astronomy,
    physics and math
  • Began to explain complexities of solar system,
    limits of physical world
  • Nicolaus Copernicus, Polish astronomer, among
    first
  • Copernicus
  • Found geocentric theory of movement of sun, moon,
    planets not accurate
  • Concluded sun, not earth, near center of solar
    system
  • Heliocentric theory, earth revolves around sun
  • Copernicus theory
  • Idea of earth orbiting sun was not completely new
  • Copernicus developed detailed mathematical
    explanation of process
  • Was first scientist to create complete model of
    solar system

15
  • On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres
  • Copernicus famous book not published until last
    year of his life
  • Knew church would oppose work
  • Work contradicted teachings of church
  • Weaknesses of theory
  • Mathematical formulas did not predict positions
    of planets well
  • Copernicus did not want to be ridiculed for
    weaknesses
  • Died 1543 after work published, other scientists
    expanded on ideas

16
Brahe and Kepler
  • Brahe, Danish Astronomer
  • Wrote book proving bright object over Denmark sky
    was newly visible star
  • Called it supernova, distant exploding star
    suddenly visible on earth
  • Book impressed Denmarks King Frederick II
  • Gave Brahe money to build two observatories

17
Keplers Solution
  • Kepler solved main problem of Copernican theory
  • Copernicus assumed planets orbited in circle
  • Kepler found assumption untrue
  • Proved planets orbited in oval pattern, ellipse
  • Wanted to prove Copernicus wrong, instead proved
    heliocentric theory correct
  • Keplers mathematical solar system model also
    correct

18
Discoveries in Astronomy, Physics, and Math
  • More support
  • Italian scientist Galileo Galilei
  • Built first telescope used for astronomy
  • Scanned heavens beginning in 1609
  • Starry Messenger
  • Galileo described discoveries
  • Craters on moon, sunspots
  • Saturn, moons of Jupiter
  • Milky Way made up of stars
  • Change in science world
  • Isaac Newton, English scientist
  • Brought together astronomy, physics, math
  • Wondered about gravity
  • Principia
  • Book explained law of universal gravitation
  • Gravity affects objects on earth, also in
    universe
  • Keeps planets in orbit

19
Newtons Findings
  • Newton developed calculus, new kind of math
  • Used calculus to predict effects of gravity
  • German philosopher Gottfried von Leibniz also
    developed calculus at same time
  • Each accused the other of plagiarism
  • Historians believe it was simple case of
    independent discovery

20
Contrast How did Copernicus and Brahe differ in
their views of the universe?
Answer(s) Copernicusall planets orbit the sun
Brahesun orbits Earth, other planets orbit sun
21
Discoveries in Biology and Chemistry
Just as astronomers moved away from the works of
ancient Greeks, other scientists used the
scientific method to acquire new knowledge and
make great discoveries in the fields of Biology
and Chemistry.
22
  • Antony van Leeuwenhoek
  • Dutch scientist, 1600s
  • Used interest in developing magnifying lens to
    invent microscope
  • First to describe appearance of bacteria, red
    blood cells, yeast, other microorganisms
  • Robert Hooke
  • English physician, inventor
  • Used early microscope to describe appearance of
    plants at microscopic level
  • Credited with creating the term cell

23
Chemistry
24
Summarize What were the major contributions made
in biology and chemistry?
Answer(s) importance of anatomy and dissection
function of blood and circulatory system
invention of microscope discovery of certain
laws of matter
25
Science and Society
As science assumed greater significance, the
question of the role of the Roman Catholic Church
in a changing culture became important. While the
church opposed the views of many scientists, it
benefited from new discoveries that made
Renaissance art and architecture possible.
The church feared reason as an enemy of faith,
but eventually began to embrace some of the
achievements of the Scientific Revolution.
26
Science and the Church
  • Galileos Theories
  • Brought him into direct conflict with the church
  • Church leaders pressured him not to support ideas
    of Copernicus
  • Dialogue concerning Two Chief World Systems,
    1632, showed support
  • Trial
  • Pope Urban VII ordered Galileo to Rome to stand
    trial before Inquisition
  • Church wanted to stamp out heresy, or dissenting
    views
  • Trial held, April 1633
  • House Arrest
  • Galileo stated would not use Copernican theory in
    work
  • Received lenient sentence in return
  • Pope ordered Galileo under house arrest, where he
    spent rest of life

27
(No Transcript)
28
Science and Art
  • Renaissance
  • Study of art, architecture not separate from
    study of science
  • Artists learned anatomy in order to paint the body
  • Artists
  • Experimented with chemistry of paints, nature of
    light
  • Used math to create compositions of perfect
    balance
  • Architecture
  • Mathematics, physics crucial to great
    architecture
  • Also used in engineering achievements of the time
  • Science and religion
  • Combined to produce great artistic achievements
    of Renaissance
  • Most art, architecture dedicated to glory of God

29
Science and Community
  • Scientific Revolution established new way of
    thinking about physical world
  • Great advances made in astronomy, physics,
    biology, chemistry
  • Advances influenced developments in arts,
    architecture
  • Impact of Scientific Revolution soon would cause
    philosophers, scholars to wonder if reason could
    solve poverty, war, ignorance

30
(No Transcript)
31
Draw Conclusions How did the Scientific
Revolution have an impact beyond the realm of
science?
Answer(s) led people to question the Church
inspired great artistic achievements led to new
ideas about government, religion, education, and
economics.
About PowerShow.com