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Nutrition Workshop

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An increase in broken bones in grade school children is related to soft drinks replacing milk. ... they are less likely to try that food again. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Nutrition Workshop


1
Role Modeling The
of
GOOD HEALTH
  • Nutrition Workshop

2
A
Aim for a Healthy Weight
  • Choose portions right for you.
  • Balance food physical Activity

3
B
Build a Healthy Base
  • Eat more fruits and vegetables.
  • Choose whole grains daily.
  • Choose nonfat or low-fat milk.
  • Keep food safe to eat

4
C
Choose Wisely
  • Keep total fat between 20 to 35 of calories,
    mostly unsaturated.
  • Choose prepare foods with little added sugars
    or caloric sweeteners.
  • Consume less than 2,300 mg salt per day, include
    potassium-rich foods.
  • Be sensible, drink alcoholic beverages in
    moderation.

5
Who Are Role Models of Health Behaviors for
Children?
1. Parents 2. Teachers other school staff 3.
Childcare providers 4. Health professionals 5.
Neighbors 6. Community Members

6
2 yrs
Overweight gt 95th percentile BMI-for-age at
risk of overweight gt 85th-,95th percentile
BMI-for-age, CDC Growth Charts, 2002. 15 of
children are expected to fall above the 85th
percentile (5 above the 95th percentile and 10
between the 85th and 95th percentiles).
7
Trends in overweight and at risk for overweight
among children aged 2 thru 4 years in Wisconsin
1994 overweight 8.9 at risk 13.8 1995
overweight 9.3 at risk 13.9 1996
overweight 9.7 at risk 14.6 1997
overweight 10.1 at risk 14.7 1998
overweight 10.1 at risk 14.4 1999
overweight 10.1 at risk 14.6 2000
overweight 11.4 at risk 15.0 2001
overweight 11.3 at risk 14.7 2002
overweight 11.8 at risk 15.0
8
National Overweight Trends Rates Among Children
Youth 1988-94
1999-00 age 12-19 10.5 15.5
age 6-11 11.3 15.3
age 2-5 7.2 10.4 .
9
Should we be concerned about childrens weight?
For children, physical complications and problems
of being overweight include
  • Respiratory problems such as asthma
  • Sleep apnea
  • Orthopedic problems
  • Type 2 Diabetes
  • Likelihood of adult overweight or obesity

10
Did You KnowSocial and emotional effects of
overweight may be most damaging?
  • These include
  • ?Low self-esteem
  • Target of bullying
  • Behavior and learning problems
  • Depression

11
Did You KnowWeight status of children affects
lifelong health?
  • 80 of children and adolescents diagnosed with
    Type 2 diabetes are overweight
  • Overweight children obese adults
  • Overweight 6 year-olds have a 25 chance of being
    obese adults
  • Overweight 12 year-olds have a 75 chance of
    being obese adults

12
  • Long-term effects of overweight includes
    increased the risk for
  • High blood pressure
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Heart disease stroke
  • Gall bladder disease
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Some types of cancer

13
What has happened with children food?
  • Portion sizes are up - often 4 times larger than
    10 years ago.
  • More high fat high calorie foods, more snacking
  • Soft drinks and sweetened fruit drinks have
    replaced water and milk between 1970 and 1997
    soft drinks rose 118 milk consumption fell 23.
  • Advertising and promotion to children of high
    fat, sweetened, and salty foods.
  • Easy accessibility to food vending, fast food,
    drive-in, convenience foods, micro-waves.
  • Low cost and wide variety.
  • More eating away from
    home.
  • More catering to childrens
    preferences.

14
What has happened with children physical
activity?
  • Competition from sedentary activities TV, video
    games, computers, movies 2-18 year olds get an
    average of 4 hours daily of screen time
  • Modern community design discourages walking
    biking no sidewalks, schools not in
    neighborhoods.
  • Busy family schedules leave little time for
    physical activity.
  • Elimination or reduction of physical education at
    some schools.
  • Concerns about safety can limit
  • physical activity.

15
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16
A - Aim for a healthy weight. Which is the
most promising dietary approach to preventing
childhood overweight?
  • A. Decrease dietary fat
  • B. Decrease sweetened beverages
  • C. Increase fruits and vegetable
  • D. Increase low-fat and non-fat milk
  • E. Decrease fast food

17
Correct answer B. Decrease sweetened
beveragesModeling this behavior
  • Choose water as your beverage most of the time.
  • Switch to a low-fat or non-fat milk and choose
    this at meals eaten with children.
  • Be sure fruit juices are 100 juice. Limit juice
    to 1 or 2 servings a day. (4-6 oz. in a serving

18
Helping children learn self-regulation
  • Have regular times for meals and snacks. Stick
    to these times and children will learn to trust
    that they will have food when they are hungry.
  • Help children recognize when they are hungry or
    full.
  • Pay attention when children say they are hungry.
  • Listen when children say they are full.

19
Be physically active each day. What is the most
promising physical activity approach to
preventing overweight in children youth?
  • A. Increase recreational physical activity.
  • B. Decrease TV time.
  • C. Increase physical education participation.
  • D. All of the above.

20
Correct answer D All of these approaches are
very promising. Modeling this behavior
  • Be physically active most days for at least 30
    minutes.
  • Participate with children in physical activities.
  • Advocate for increased physical education
    requirements at your school.
  • Work with of other community members to decrease
    TV viewing. Observe TV Turn-off week.
  • Set limits to TV, video, computer use
  • - No more that 1-2 hours of quality programs
    daily.
  • - No TV for children under age 2.
  • - Read, talk, or sing to children instead of TV.
  • - Have family mealtimes with the TV
    turned off.
  • - Play games with children instead
    of watching
  • TV.

21
B Build a Healthy Base When is the
window of opportunity for developing strong
bones?
  • Throughout childhood
  • The teen years
  • Young adulthood
  • D. All of the above

22
Correct answer D All of these periods of life
are opportunities to develop strong bones.
Modeling this behavior
  • Choose milk and other dairy products often.
  • Include a variety of dairy products in childrens
    meals and snacks.
  • Advocate for replacing soda vending machines with
    milk vending machines at your school and at
    community sites that children use.
  • If you or a child is lactose intolerant, choose
    small portions of dairy products and other
  • calcium-rich foods each day.

23
Choose a variety of grains daily, at least
half the grains should be whole grains. The
health benefits of whole grains are found in all
of these foods except
  • A. Brown Rice
  • B. Enriched white bread
  • C. Cheerios
  • D. Oatmeal

24
Correct answer B Although white bread is
enriched with some nutrients removed during
milling, it does not contain fiber. Modeling
this behavior
  • Read labels, choose, and eat whole grain products
    with lots of fiber for these benefits for
    yourself children
  • Feeling of fullness with less calories
  • Proper bowel function
  • Phytochemicals that may prevent cancer
  • and other diseases
  • Lower risk of heart disease

25
Eat more fruits and vegetables. Which
of the following practices DO NOT help children
learn to eat new foods
  • A. Rewards for trying new foods
  • B. Allowing children to serve themselves
  • C. Opportunities to see, touch, and smell a food
    before it is offered at a meal or snack
  • D. 10 or more exposures to a new food

26
Correct answer A When children are rewarded for
trying a new food, they are less likely to try
that food again. Modeling this behavior
  • Provide lots of chances for yourself and children
    to experience new foods before tasting
  • Gardening and going to a Farmers Market
  • Choosing produce at the store
  • Preparing new foods for meals and snacks
  • Allow children to serve themselves
  • Pair a new food with a familiar food

27
Keep food safe to eat. What proportion of
food borne illnesses occur in children aged 10 or
younger?
  • A. One-tenth
  • B. One-fourth
  • C. One-third
  • D. One-half

28
Correct answer C One-third of food borne
illnesses are in children age 10 and younger.
Modeling this behavior
  • Let children see you keeping food safe to eat by
  • Washing hands and surfaces often.
  • Separating raw, cooked, and ready-to-eat foods
    while shopping, preparing, and storing.
  • Cooking foods to a safe temperature.
  • Refrigerating perishable and cooked foods
    promptly.

29
C - Choose WiselyLimit intake of fats and
oils high in saturated and/or trans fatty acids,
choose products low in such fats and oils.
Which of these protein choices have less than 1
gram of saturated fat in a 4 ounce serving?
  • A. Turkey breast, no skin
  • B. Pinto beans
  • C. Tuna packed in water
  • D. All of the above

30
Correct answer D All of these protein choices
have little or no saturated fat. Modeling this
behavior
  • Give children choices that limit saturated fat
    by
  • Using a meat alternative like beans, yogurt, or
    peanut butter.
  • Serving smaller amounts of meat by offering
    combination dishes like spaghetti and meat.
  • Using oil and soft margarines instead of solid
    fats.
  • Choosing/Serving fruit for dessert often.
  • Limiting fast food meals and choosing
  • smaller portions when eating fast
    foods.

31
Choose beverages and foods with little added
or no sugars. What percentage of toddlers drink
a sweetened beverage daily?
  • 20
  • B. 30
  • C. 40
  • D. 50

32
Correct answer C 40 of toddlers drink a
sweetened beverage daily. An increase in broken
bones in grade school children is related to soft
drinks replacing milk. Modeling this behavior
  • Read beverage labels and show children what
    labels tell you about a food
  • Help children learn that many drinks that are
    advertised as nutritious contain mostly sugar
    and water.
  • Limit fruit juice to 1 or 2 servings daily

33
Choose and prepare foods with little
salt. Which snack will help you cut back on the
amount of salt served to children?
  • Crackers and cheese
  • B. Fruit milk
  • C. Vegetables, dip and juice
  • D. Pretzels and milk

34
Correct answer B The fruit and milk snack has
the least amount of salt. Modeling this behavior
  • Follow these practices to help control blood
    pressure and improve childrens health today and
    in the future
  • - Eat lots of fruits and vegetables.
  • - Eat beans, nuts, and seeds.
  • - Have at 2-3 servings of low-fat dairy
  • products daily.
  • - Eat less meat, poultry, and fish (6 oz. or
  • less daily).
  • - Eat whole grain foods.

35
If you drink alcoholic beverages, be
sensible, drink in moderation. What percentage
of Wisconsin high school students drink alcoholic
beverages?
  1. 12
  2. 28
  3. 47
  4. 65

36
Correct answer 47 of High School Students
reported having at least one alcoholic drink in
the past 30 days. Modeling this behavior
  • Adults who consume alcoholic beverages, should
    drink in moderation 1 drink per day for women,
    2 for men.
  • Those who should not drink any alcohol include
  • ? Children and adolescents.
  • ? Individuals of any age who cannot
    restrict their
  • drinking to moderate levels.
  • ? Women who are pregnant or may become
    pregnant.
  • ? Anyone who plans to drive/operate
    machinery.
  • ? Anyone taking medications that
    can interact
  • with alcohol.
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