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How To Read A Text Like A Historian or Scientist

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College and Career Readiness Conference 2014 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: How To Read A Text Like A Historian or Scientist


1
How To Read A Text Like A Historian or Scientist
College and Career Readiness Conference 2014
2
Session Goal
  • Participants will examine strategies and skills
    that support the understanding of Social Studies
    and Science texts through close reading.

3
Close Reading Refreshers!
  • A close reading is the careful, sustained
    analysis of any text that focuses on significant
    details or patterns and that typically examines
    some aspect of the texts form, craft, meanings,
    etc.
  • (http//owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/751/01
    /)
  • What does PARCC say?
  • Close analytic reading entails the careful
    gathering of observations about a text and
    careful consideration about what those
    observations taken together add up to from the
    smallest linguistic matters to larger issues of
    overall understanding and judgment.
  • PARCC Model Content Frameworks for ELA/Literacy,
    p.6

4
Why??
  • Why do you think students experience difficulty
    in reading in the content areas?

5
Reading Like a Discipline Insider
  • Identify the reading behaviors used in the
    following slides.
  • Turn and Talk, and then share.

6
English Language Arts
  • A Childs Garden of Verses Selected Poems
  • By Robert Louis Stevenson
  • My Bed Is A Boat
  • My bed is like a little boat Nurse helps me in
    when I embark She girds me in my sailors
    coat And starts me in the dark. At night I go on
    board and say Good-night to all my friends on
    shore I shut my eyes and sail away And see and
    hear no more. And sometimes things to bed I
    take, As prudent sailors have to do Perhaps a
    slice of wedding-cake, Perhaps a toy or two. All
    night across the dark we steer But when the day
    returns at last, Safe in my room beside the
    pier, I find my vessel fast.

7
Social Studies
8
Science
Mighty Morphin Milk
Who knew that moo juice could be so much fun? Mix
milk and vinegar together to create your own
plastic, ready to be molded into any shape you
want!
You'll need - 4 ounces of
milk - 1 teaspoon of vinegar - a small
pan - a small clean jar What to
do 1. Heat the milk in a pan until it
curdles, or forms lumps. ? 2. Slowly pour off
the runny liquid. ? 3. Put the lumps in the
jar and add vinegar. Let it stand for an
hour or so. What happens After an hour or so,
you'll find that a rubbery blob has formed in the
jar! Slowly pour off any runny liquid inside.
Then take the blob out and shape it into a ball
or some other simple shape. Let it harden in the
open jar or on a paper towel for a few hours or
longer. Once it has dried, you may want to
decorate it with acrylic paints. Why this
happens When the milk and vinegar (or any kind
of acid) are mixed together, the milk separates
into a liquid and a solid made of fat, minerals,
and a protein called casein (KAY-seen). Casein is
made up of very long molecules that bend like
rubber until they harden.
Resource http//kids.discovery.com/activities/sci
ence-experiments/mighty-morphin-milk
9
Practice Reading Like a historian or a scientist
10
When historians read when scientists read
  • Reading Like A Historian
  • Ask questions about what was going on in the
    world at the time the text was written
  • Think carefully about what the author is saying
    to check for accuracy
  • Think about things that could be shaping the
    authors ideas
  • Check the facts to be sure they are correct
  • Think about why the author chose to use certain
    words
  • Compare the text with other sources
  • Write down who, what, when where, and why to
    understand connections
  • Reading Like A Scientist
  • Ask questions based on facts
  • Read back and forth between the words and the
    visuals because it helps to understand the ideas
  • Make predictions about what they read
  • Think and make their own pictures in their
    thoughts while reading
  • Read closely about an idea or experiment
  • Consider data-based graphs and charts as
    important as the words in a text
  • Read graphs and charts to find patterns and
    relationships in the data
  • Evaluate and collect evidence
  • Read to understand discipline specific terms

11
What are the different texts for different
disciplines?
Science Graphic displays Data Charts and
Graphs Models and Diagrams Procedures Videos
Simulations
Social Studies Primary Sources Maps Videos Photog
raphs Objects
12
Sample Text for Science/Social Studies
  • Read the text
  • Chart reading behaviors to consider
  • In Red write reading behaviors of a Historian
    or Scientist
  • In Purple circle reading behaviors you would
    like to use but are not as familiar with

13
Give Me Liberty Or Give Me Death Speech Patrick
Henry, March 23, 1775 Speech Excerpt It is in
vain, sir, to extenuate the matter. Gentlemen may
cry, peace, peace -- but there is no peace. The
war is actually begun! The next gale that sweeps
from the north will bring to our ears the clash
of resounding arms! Our brethren are already in
the field! Why stand we here idle? What is it
that gentlemen wish? What would they have? Is
life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be
purchased at the price of chains and slavery?
Forbid it, Almighty God! -- I know not what
course others may take but as for me, give me
liberty or give me death! Full speech text
available at http//avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_cent
ury/patrick.asp
Image source http//www.loc.gov/pictures/resource
/cph.3b50326/
14
http//www.prehistoricplanet.com/features/inde
x.php?id48
15
Planning How To Teach Reading Like A
historian or a scientist
16
Examples of Considerations
17
Investigate
  • Read the sample texts
  • Take a Gallery Walk
  • What makes this text complex? (Green)
  • What considerations will I use in planning?
    (Blue)
  • What are the unique discipline reading behaviors?
    (Red)

18
The Preamble to the Constitution of the United
States
  • We the People of the United States, in Order to
    form a more perfect Union, establish Justice,
    insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the
    common defense, promote the general Welfare, and
    secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and
    our Posterity, do ordain and establish this
    Constitution for the United States of America.

19
Monarch Butterfly Sightings Spring 2014
http//www.learner.org/jnorth/maps/monarch_spring2
014.html
20
  • ANGANGUEO, Mexico Every year, millions of
    orange-and-black butterflies fly the length of
    North America. They travel to Mexico to spend the
    winter there. But their journey is in danger.
  • The number of these monarch butterflies is
    falling. There are many reasons why. Farmers are
    using more weed killer. Also, the weather has
    been severe. And more and more forests are being
    cut down.
  • The monarch butterfly colonies in Mexico were
    much smaller this year than ever before.
    Scientists say these butterfly groups may soon
    disappear. The orange-and-black butterfly is a
    popular insect that most school kids can easily
    recognize.
  • Scientists say there are many reasons for the
    drop in the number of monarch butterflies. But
    they are focusing on one main reason The
    butterflies can't live without a plant called
    milkweed.
  •  
  • Big Drop In Milkweed
  • Female monarchs lay eggs on milkweed. When they
    hatch, the larvae grow into caterpillars that eat
    the milkweeds leaves. Those leaves contain a
    poison that protects the monarchs from their
    predators. The caterpillars then form chrysalises
    and soon emerge as butterflies.
  • But the milkweed plant is widely treated as a
    weed to be destroyed.
  • The number of fields that have milkweed in them
    has dropped in the past 10 years. Corn and
    soybean crops have been changed and weed killer
    can't hurt them. So farmers can now use a
    stronger weed killer. That makes it harder for
    milkweed to grow in the fields.
  • Most monarch butterflies live only a little more
    than a month. But some live for seven or eight
    months. That is long enough to fly to Mexico for
    the winter. In Mexico, the butterflies often stay
    in the same trees that their parents or
    grandparents did.
  • The butterflies fly back north in the spring.
    There, they lay eggs on milkweed and then die,
    making way for the next generation.
  • Resource http//newsela.com/articles/monarch-cris
    is/id/3430/

21
Look Closer Make It Rich!
  • Encourage Speaking Listening examine MCCRS
  • Include Short Focused Research opportunities for
    students
  • Select Multiple Texts more powerful
    understanding
  • Set a Classroom Goal for Disciplinary Literacy
    Reading AND Content!

22
SPEAKING LISTENING
READING WRITING
SOCIAL STUDIES
SCIENCE
23
Powerful Minds
  • Turn and Talk
  • How does linking literacy strategies into content
    areas create a more powerful lesson?

24
Give Me Five!
  • On index cards, list five or more considerations
    when reading a text in your content area. (One
    idea per card)
  • Stand Up!
  • If you wrote the same consideration as the one
    being shared aloud, put it in the Great Idea!
    Pile in the middle of your table.
  • The last teacher(s) standing may have thought of
    something to consider that you didnt. Remember
    lets learn from each other, we are each others
    greatest resource!
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