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British Literature

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Title: The Romantic Period: 1798 1832 Fast Facts Author: Alexa Brooks Last modified by: Alexa Brooks Created Date: 10/26/2004 9:02:54 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: British Literature


1
Introduction to the romantic period
  • British Literature
  • January 26, 2015

2
Class entrance to-do list
  • Turn in the following
  • Hamlet Literary Elements
  • Hamlet Character Chart (extra credit)
  • Pick up the following
  • Wuthering Heights Reading Schedule Annotation
    Expectations Bookmark
  • Hang up your Hamlet Irony Assignment somewhere in
    the room with your name in a visible place ON THE
    CLOCK WALL using tape.
  • Sign up for your Poetry Research project.

3
Hamlet irony assignment gallery walk
  • Go around the room to admire your classmates
    work. As you walk around the room, you must post
    three sticky notes
  • Comment on your classmates ideas, artistry, or
    quotes. You may also ask questions of your
    classmates poster.
  • You only have 5-7 minutes to complete this
    gallery walk.

4
Influence of the Revolution
History of the Times
  • Because the French king has been overthrown by a
    democratic mob, the French Revolution is radical
    and frightening to English ruling classes.
  • English conservatives worry that revolutionary
    fever will cross the Channel to England.
  • Until the violence and terror escalate, English
    liberals support the French Revolutions ideals
    of liberty, fraternity, equality.

5
Revolution Spreads
Literature of the Times
  • In reaction to the ugliness and turmoil of the
    times, writers turn to nature, the past, and a
    dream world of imagination.
  • Romantic period begins in 1798 as a response to
    the Industrial Revolution.

6
Romantic poetry
Literature of the Times
  • The Romantic poets
  • were dedicated to political and social change
  • believed in the power of literature
  • thought imaginationnot reasonwas the best
    response to forces of change
  • created private, spontaneous lyric poetry

7
The romantic period
Literature of the Times
  • Romantic literature was dominated by poetry.
  • Romantics thought poets were extraordinary
    people, necessary to humanity and society.
  • Keats called poets physicians, Blake called
    them teachers, and Shelley thought they were the
    unacknowledged legislators of the world.
  • The novel also thrived, however. Key novelists
    included Jane Austen, Maria Edgeworth, and Sir
    Walter Scott.

8
Industrialization
History of the Times
  • England is the first nation to experience the
    effects of the Industrial Revolution.
  • Swelling urban populations create desperate
    living conditions.
  • The eras misery and poverty are justified by an
    economic policy called laissez faire (business
    independent from government).

9
Themes of Romantic Poetry
Influences on Romantic Poetry
  • Spread of democratic ideals through the American
    and French Revolutions and disillusionment after
    failure of French Revolution
  • Reactions against harsh living and working
    conditions created for urban poor by the
    Industrial Revolution
  • Fascination with nature and country life, which
    seemed a blissful retreat from city slums

10
Themes of Romantic Poetry
A New Focus in Poetry
  • Invited readers to feel power and passion
  • Tried to capture personal experience

Romantic Period
Restoration Era
  • Society needed social change.
  • Order had just been restored.
  • Poets wrote about personal feelings, individual
    rights, and used everyday language.
  • Poets celebrated order, hierarchy, and
    enlightened rule.

11
Themes of Romantic Poetry
Imagination The Inspired Guide
The Romantics saw imagination as the link between
mind and nature.
  • To them, imaginative experi- ences were
    especially moving, perhaps superior to human
    reasoning.
  • The mysterious forces of Nature inspired them.

12
Themes of Romantic Poetry
Nature The Wise Teacher
The Romantics interest in natural images and
themes was reflected in Gothic literature.
Novels such as Mary Shelleys Frankenstein
appealed to the imagination through
  • Eerie settings
  • Supernatural events
  • Questions about humans ability to manipulate
    nature

13
Themes of Romantic Poetry
Experience The Worthy Subject
Romantic poets favored idealized rural settings.
However, some celebrated the people who lived in
crowded cities.
They promoted rights to
  • Healthful living conditions
  • Relief from political or economic oppression
  • Self-expression

14
Themes of Romantic Poetry
Experience The Worthy Subject
Some Romantics dreamed that poetry could offer an
example of model behavior to improve horrific
social conditions
  • Undemocratic governments
  • Dangerous factories
  • Child labor
  • Laissez-faire economic policies that left
    businesses unregulated

15
Tp-castt method
  • Happy Mechanics Monday!

16
When you read a poem closely, try this method
17
  • T is for TITLE
  • Analyze the title first.
  • What do you predict this poem or work will be
    about?
  • Write down your predictions.
  • We will reflect on the title again after we have
    read the poem.
  • The next step is often omitted, but it is the
    most important!

18
P is for PARAPHRASE
  • Paraphrasing is putting something in your own
    words.
  • After reading the poem, rewrite it in your own
    words.
  • This may be three sentences or a page, depending
    on the particular poem.

19
C is for CONNOTATION
apostrophe
archetypes
  • Analyze the figures of speech and sound effects
    of the poem.
  • Look at the connotations of words (connections
    and associations)
  • Examine any literary elements

alliteration
RHYME
personification
diction
onomatopoeia
simile
ONOMATOPEIA
HYPERBOLE
metaphor
20
A is for ATTITUDE
Tone is the attitude of the speaker toward the
subject of the poem.
21
Dont Confuse Tone Mood!
  • Tone is the author's or the poet's attitude
  • towards his or her subject.
  • Mood is how the poem makes a reader feel.
  • Therefore, the tone in the Psalm would be Davids
    attitude in the text.

22
S is for SHIFT
  • If there is a change in
  • Time
  • Tone
  • Mood
  • Speaker
  • This should always be noted as this will also
    affect the meaning.

23
T is for TITLE (again)
  • At this time, you should reconsider the title.
  • Were you right in your predictions?
  • What other meanings might the title have in light
    of your analysis?

24
T is for THEME
  • As you already know, theme is the general insight
    into life conveyed by the author through his/her
    work.
  • It merely states something that is true to life
    and the human condition.
  • Write a thematic statement
  • STEP ONE Choose an important topic in the poem.
  • STEP TWO Write what the work conveys or says
    about that topic.

25
How do I find the THEME?
  • Look at the other parts of TPCASTT.
  • What insight are all of these working together to
    convey?
  • What is the poet trying to say about life?

26
ROMANTIC POETRY RESEARCH, ANALYSIS, AND
PRESENTATION
  • For this project, you will be assigned a poem
    from the Romantic period of British Literature.
  • You will research the poet and the poem.
  • You will closely read and engage the poem using
    several strategies, specifically the TP-CASTT
    method. Complete the TP-CASTT chart on the back
    of the assignment sheet.
  • Then, you will prepare a presentation to the
    class to discuss your poem.

27
Project evaluation
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