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Discrimination and Segregation Against African Americans

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Discrimination and Segregation Against African Americans Key Ideas In the late 19th century (1800 s) discrimination and segregation against African Americans ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Discrimination and Segregation Against African Americans


1
Discrimination and Segregation Against African
Americans
2
Key Ideas
  • In the late 19th century (1800s) discrimination
    and segregation against African Americans
    INTENSIFIED and took on NEW FORMS
  • African Americans disagreed about how to respond

3
Laws to Limit African American Freedoms
-Poll Tax -Literacy Test -Grandfather Clause
4
The Problem
  • JIM CROW laws were passed forcing the separation
    of the races in public places

5
The laws were named after a black man in a
southern song who sang and danced for white people
6
Intimidation and crimes were often directed
against African Americans (KKK, etc)The laws
were enforced by both local police and mob
violence that sometimes led to the lynching of
blacks
7
African Americans looked to the courts to protect
their rights and enforce the Civil Rights
Amendments (13th, 14th 15th).
8
Homer Plessy tried to challenge the idea that
his equal protection under the law was being
violated when he had to use separate public
facilities
9
(No Transcript)
10
The Supreme Court
State Supreme Court
State District Courts and Courts of Appeal
11
But, in Plessy v. Ferguson, the Supreme Court
ruled separate but equal did not violate the
14th AmendmentThe Jim Crow laws stayed in effect
12
During the early 20th century African Americans
began what became known as the Great Migration
13
With the lure of jobs and promises from the
North, many African Americans left the South and
settled in Northern cities like Chicago,
Cleveland and DetroitBut they still experienced
racial discrimination
14
(No Transcript)
15
This was a time when African Americans faced
great injustices and they disagreed about how to
respond to the discrimination
16
Ida B. Wells
  • Led an anti-lynching crusade and called on the
    federal government to take action!
  • Between 1882 and 1930 almost 5,000 people
    werelynched in the U.S.
  • Most lynching were against blacks in the south,
    though some were white or Asian
  • She spoke out and wrote against this injustice

17
Booker T. Washington
  • Believed the way to equality was through
    vocational education and economic success.
  • He accepted social separation.
  • Believed in industrial education for blacks and
    provided it at his Tuskegee Institute.
  • Felt that blacks could achieve good lives if
    they were properly prepared for the industrial
    jobs in demand.
  • A man of his times

18
Getting educated at Tuskegee Institute
19
W.E.B. Du Bois
  • Believed that education was meaningless without
    equality.
  • Supported political equality for African
    Americans by helping to form the National
    Association of Advancement for Colored People
  • Disagreed with Washingtons plan of blacks
    settling for low class industrial jobs
  • Didnt think blacks would achievetheir potential
    or compete with whites with only factory jobs.
  • Was a man ahead of his times

20
Du Bois supported his desire for political
equality for African Americans by helping to form
the National Association for the Advancement of
Colored People (NAACP).
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