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Fish! Common Types

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Title: Fish! Common Types


1
Fish! Common Types
  • Animal Science Level 1

2
Key Learning Fish
  • Unit EQ Why do fish make good beginner pets??

Concept Types Lesson EQ How are fish
classified? Vocab Saltwater, Freshwater,
Salinity
Concept Anatomy Lesson EQ How are fish
adapted for swimming?? Vocab Air Bladder, Gills,
Fins
Concept Care Lesson EQ What is a requirement
for all fish care? Vocab Nitrogen Cycle, Ich,
Dissolved Oxygen
3
Animals around us Fish
4
Fish What are they? Video Questions
  • Complete after watching the video

5
Objectives
  • Define Fish
  • Identify common fish sold in the animal science
    industry
  • Analyze common characteristics of fish

6
Warm Up
  • Is this a fish?

7
Essential Question
  • What are common characteristics shared by most
    fish?

8
What is a fish?
  • Define
  • Any of numerous cold-blooded aquatic vertebrates
    of the subclass Pisces, characteristically having
    fins, gills, and a streamlined body and including
    specifically

9
What is a fish?
  • Define
  • Any of the class Osteichthyes, having a bony
    skeleton.

10
Types of Fish
  • Freshwater
  • fish that spend some or all of their lives in
    freshwater, such as rivers and lakes, with a
    salinity of less than 0.05

11
Types of Fish
  • Salt water
  • Fish living in water containing from 3.0 to 3.5
    total salts.
  • Ocean type fish

12
Freshwater
  • Types Livebearers, Guppies, Gouramis, Betta,
    Oscar, Cichlids, Goldfish (MUCH MORE!)
  • Diet Omnivores

13
Freshwater
  • Behavior
  • Certain fish occupy different levels in the tank
  • Territorial

14
Types of Freshwater Fish Get Paper
  • Next are photos of the fish discussed. Make a
    graphic organizer that compares their features
    and care. You will have an identification quiz
    later.

15
Types of Freshwater Fish Get Paper
16
Types of Freshwater Fish Get Paper
17
Fresh Water Fish Types and Care
  • Each group has an article on a type of fish and
    care
  • Read your article and answer the following
    questions

18
Fresh Water Fish Types and Care
  • 1. What type of fish?
  • 2. Size, Experience Level, Lifespan
  • 3. 3 things a beginner fish owner should know
    about your type of fish.
  • Students will be taking notes on your
    presentations.

19
Salt Water
  • Types Damsels/Clownfish, Gobies, Tangs/Angels
  • Diet Omnivores
  • Behavior Territorial (most types)

20
Types of Saltwater Fish
  • Below are photos of the fish discussed. Make a
    graphic organizer that compares their features
    and care. You will have an identification quiz

21
Types of Saltwater Fish
22
Types of Saltwater Fish
23
Coral Reef
24
Vocabulary
  • Territorial
  • Fish
  • Freshwater
  • Salt water

25
Fish ID Quiz
1
3
2
5
4
26
Fish ID Quiz
7
6
8
9
27
Fish! Care
  • Animal Science Level 1

28
Fish Video
29
Objectives
  • Explore, Analyze, and Understand the basics of
    fish care

30
Warm Up
  • What happened here? How might we fix this?

31
Nitrogen Cycle Critical to Fish Care
  • Define the establishment of beneficial bacteria
    in the aquarium and in the filter media that will
    help in the conversion of ammonia to nitrite and
    then the conversion of nitrite to nitrates.

32
Nitrogen Cycle Critical to Fish Care
  • Process can take from 2 weeks to 2 months or
    longer to complete

33
Nitrogen Cycle
34
Activities
  • Fish Care
  • Articles are located at stations throughout the
    room.
  • You have questions to answer for each packet
  • You will have 20 minutes _at_ each station. There
    are 5 stations.

35
Fish! Anatomy
  • Animal Science Level 1

36
Warm Up
  • Is this a Fish?

37
Essential Question
  • How are fish bodies suited for swimming?

38
External Anatomy
39
(No Transcript)
40
Internal Anatomy
41
(No Transcript)
42
Anatomy Explained
  • Brain seat of the mental faculties of a fish.
  • Esophagus part of the digestive tract connecting
    the mouth to the stomach.
  • Dorsal aorta vessel in the back that carries
    blood from the heart to the organs.

43
Anatomy Explained
  • Stomach part of the digestive tract between the
    esophagus and the intestine.
  • Air bladder pocket in which urine collects.
  • Spinal cord part of the nervous system that
    connects the brain to all other parts of a fish

44
Anatomy Explained
  • Kidney blood-purifying organ.
  • Urinary orifice opening for eliminating urine.
  • Genital Orifice opening related to the genital
    organs.
  • Anus end of the digestive tract.
  • Gonad hormone-secreting sexual gland of a fish.

45
Anatomy Explained
  • Intestine last part of the digestive tract.
  • Pyloric cecum cul-de-sac related to the
    intestine.
  • Gall bladder small sac containing the bile.
  • Liver bile-producing digestive gland.
  • Heart blood-pumping organ.

46
Anatomy Explained
  • Gills respiratory organ of a fish.
  • Tooth hard organ of a fish used to shred food.
  • Eye sight organ of a fish.
  • Olfactory bulb bulging part of the smell organ
    of smell of a fish

47
Science of the Sea
48
Activity
  • Comparing Fish, Reptile and Bird Anatomy worksheet

49
Fish! Diseases
  • Animal Science Level 1

50
Warm Up
  • What happened to this fish?

51
Essential Question
  • Why would fish disease be hard to spot?

52
Common Fish Diseases
  • Clamped Fins The fish clamps its fins close
    against the its body
  • Shimmy Looks like the fish is swimming fast but
    staying in the same place.

53
Common Fish Diseases
  • Ich Spots Ich looks like tiny white spots on the
    body and fins of the fish.

54
Common Fish Diseases
  • Red or White Sores Many things can cause sores
    on fish such as fights with other fish, scraping
    on sharp rocks, and small wounds that get
    infected and grow bigger.

55
Common Fish Diseases
  • Crashed on the Bottom When fish crash on the
    bottom and do not swim, it is usually a sign that
    they are exhausted. There are many reasons a fish
    can become exhausted, but quite often they have
    been sick, and probably showed symptoms such as
    gasping, shimmy, or clamped fins, before they
    became tired and crashed on the bottom.

56
Diseases
  • Glancing is a fish behavior where a fish rubs
    itself on the bottom of the aquarium, or on the
    gravel, or on a rock or ornament. The fish rubs
    or glances because it is itchy.

57
Diseases
  • Loss of Appetite If your fish is not eating or
    takes food in its mouth and then immediately
    spits it out, your fish is showing one of the
    Signs of Stress and Disease.

58
Diseases
  • Pop-eye
  • in itself is not a disease but is more a
    symptom of an underlying infection.

59
Red Sores, Pop eye
60
Gasping at the Surface
  • Gasping at the Surface A fish that is gasping at
    the surface of the water is usually suffering
    from a lack of oxygen, that could be due to a
    lack of oxygen in the water or the fish's
    inability to absorb the oxygen from the water.

61
Clam and Ich
62
Pamphlet
  • Students will create a pamphlet on how to keep
    your fish happy and healthy ?
  • Must be colored
  • Things to do, NOT diseases

63
Killer Algae
64
Video Reviews
  • Care for Fish
  • http//www.5min.com/Video/How-to-Care-for-Fish-in-
    Aquariums-241278327
  • Fish Care
  • General Tips http//www.5min.com/Video/How-to-Mai
    ntain-an-Aquarium---General-Tips-142096974
  • Adding to your Tank http//www.5min.com/Video/Ho
    w-to-Maintain-an-Aquarium---Adding-Fish-142097022
  • Fish Diseases http//www.5min.com/Video/How-to-Ma
    intain-an-Aquarium---Fish-Diseases-142097047

65
Test Review
  • Define from our notes Fish, Freshwater,
    Saltwater, Territorial, Nitrogen Cycle
  • List the internal organs of a fish (this is a
    diagram on your exam)
  • Explain in 5 steps, how to set up an aquarium.
  • What is a water test? What is tested? How do fish
    affect the results? What is the purpose of a
    water test?
  • How would you acclimate a new fish to your tank?
    You can draw a diagram to help you answer. Give 3
    sentences explaining your diagram
  • Know the fish disease from your notes, their
    symptoms, prevention, and treatment
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