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Title: Unit Fifteen


1
Unit Fifteen Introduction to Splendid
Shennongjia
2
Introduction to Splendid Shennongjia
Shennongjia, Ecological Kingdom
Shennong Altar
Savages
3
(No Transcript)
4
In Shennongjia, the only best reserved green
land in China, there lie splendid scene sights
with vast trees, primitive ecological system,
abundant diversity of creature, adaptable
climatic conditions, primitive and particular
inland and mountain culture,which compose
splendid scene sights . That is why Shennongjia
has been compared to a green pearl, a natural
botanical garden and zoology, a refugee camp for
creature, a warehouse for creature of genes, a
natural museum, a cool kingdom and etc.
5
Many scenic spots in the world are not as
beautiful as Shennongjia. 1.7- Million-year
history contains numerous legends and fairy
tales. The highest mountain in Shennongjia
is Shennongding, the first peak in center of
China. Shennong Jitan was built by local people
in memory of Shennong. People also want to
unravel the mystery of savages in Shennongjia.
From the view of sights and history, we can see a
beautiful and splendid Shennongjia with old
mystery and modern civilization.
6
Notes
1. In Shennongjia, the only best reserved green
land in China ,there lie splendid scene sights
with vast trees, primitive ecological system,
abundant diversity of creature, adaptable
climatic conditions, primitive and particular
inland and mountain culture. the only best
reserved green land in China ? Shennongjia ????.
7
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,???????,????????170???????,??????????,????????
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???????????????????,??????????????????????????????
???????????????
back
8
Passage 1
Shennongjia, Ecological Kingdom
9
Near the east entrance to Wu Gorges,
between three Gorges and Daba Mountains, a stream
winds its way across remote high mountains and
deep valleys where lies Shennongjia, an ancient
and miraculous primitive forest which is the
largest natural Oriental Botanical garden and
zoology in center of China.
10

It is said that Shennong ( magic farmer
in Chinese), Yan Emperor, who supposedly lived
from 2700 to 2600 BC, used to experiment with
herbs for medicinal purposes. He climbed up the
high and steep cliff with Jiazi, the ladder in
Chinese. Therefore, the place was given the name,
Shennongjia. With a warm and humid climate,
Shennongjia State Nature Reserve provides a
paradise for a diversity of plants and animal
species.

11
Emmenopherys Henry has already been extinct in
other places, and it can only grow in China.
Shennongjia is one of the places for it to live
in. Tiejian Fir, more than 1184 years old, is 36
meters tall with the diameter as 2.38 meters.
Even five people can not embrace it together with
hands in hands. This is the first great grand
tree in Shennongjia,the king of trees. As a
living fossil, it witnesses the changes on
terrain. Besides, there are many precious herbs,
like Ganoderma Lucidum, and windpipe trachea.
12
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?????
back
13
Some precious animals live here, like golden
monkeys, white bears, white deer, wild goats and
tigers and etc. Even the chicks here can grow
much bigger and heavier than those in other
places. In 1958, the chicks grown at Shitouwu,
one village in Shennongjia, had been shown in the
Agriculture Products Exhibition in Beijing.
However, the diversity of livings is more than
that. The change of climate is up to the altitude
of mountains.
14
Shennongjia covers about 3250 squares
kilometers, where there are at least 20 mountains
above 2000 or 3000 meters higher than the sea
level. The most famous one is Shennongding, the
first peak in Center of China. As the main peak
in Shennongjia, Shennongding is 3104.5 meters
high. Naturally, one can see clouds sea and
forest swarm at the top.
15

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back
16
There live firs, azaleas, and bamboos on the
steep southern hillside of Shennongding, and
grass, bamboo, fir on the flat hillside of
northern Shennongding. On the half way to the top
grow some precious herbs like windpipe trachea,
asarum, and gadol. Rare animals like golden
monkeys, white bears, antelopes and tufted deer
live there too. The top of the mountain which is
the primitive barren land remains only moss and
fern ,on which there is no living animals at all.
17
Notes 1. winds its way ???? 2. where lies
Shennongjia ????? Shennongjia lies in high
mountains and forests .?????????, ???????? 3.
Emmenopherys Henry ??? 4. windpipe trachea
?????, asarum ??, gadol ???, ???????. 5.
tufted deer???
18
New Words
azaleas n ? ? diameter n ?? diversity n
??? extinct a ??
herb n ??? miraculous a ??? witness n v
???, ??
19
Exercises
I. Answer the questions 1. Where is
Shennongjia? 2. How could Shennongjia get its
name? 3. Does Shennongjia State Nature Reserve
provide a paradise for a diversity of plants and
animal species ? Set some examples. 4. Is
Shennongding the first peak in Center of China?
5. How high is Shennongding?
Key
Key
20
II. Decide the statements true or false 1
Shennongjia is the only largest natural Oriental
Botanical garden in center of China. ( ) 2 The
chicks in Shennongjia can grow as heavy as those
in other places. ( ). 3. The change of climate
is up to the altitude of mountains. ( ). 4.
There are firs, azaleas, and bamboos on the top
of Shennongding. ( ) 5. Shennongding is 1161.4
meters higher than Guangmingding. ( )
Key
21
Translation
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?????????????,
??????,????,????,???????,????????????????????????
? ????????2600?2500???????????????,??????
?,??????,??????
22
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????????,???????????????,??????1184?,?36??,???2.38
?????????????????????????????????,?????,??????
???,?????????????,???????????,????,??????????????
?,????,??,??,?????????????????????,????1958?,?????
????????????????,?????????????????????,??????????
23
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105.4?,?? ?????????????,??????,?????????
???????,????,????,???????,???????,????,???????????
?,??, ????????????????????,???,???????????????,???
?????????, ??????????
back
24
Passage 2
Shennong Altar
25

It takes you four hours driving from
Yichang to Xingshan, and in about another hour
you will arrive at the Shennongjia Scenic Spots.
The south gate of Shennongjia-- Shennong Altar is
here, which was built by the local people in
memory of Shennong, the Yan Emperor. The
scenery core of Shennong Altar is composed of the
Entrance to Da Ya, (one village in Shennongjia),
the sacrifice square, and the grand statue of Yan
Emperor.
26
In the district, the magnificent and demure
statue of Shennong is the main character and
visual key of all the orders in sacrifice with
25-metre-high earth as its body on which stand
double ox-horns. The statue is designed according
to the legend that Yan Emperor had ox-horns on
the head and one human-being body. This just
reflects the history that the ox had been
worshiped as God by Human -beings. Until
recently, in the places where Miao People (one
minor nation in China) live, there is still a
custom to take the ox-horn as decoration on head.

27
The facial features of the head of the statue are
blur but mysterious. From a watching tower, the
best place to watch the statue, one road leads to
the square as large as 3000 square meters. On the
two sides of the square, two walls stretch with
embossments recording Shennongs achievements
that he united peoples, planted corns and grains,
experimented herbs for medicinal purposes,
ploughed terrain with ox, had the market at noon,
and did irritation, forestation and some tools in
personal and etc.
28
? ? ? ?
back
29
When the day comes to pray happiness in
sacrifice, there are the ancient vessels with
lighted candles and incense pot on the altar, and
serial bells, drums, and some instrument made in
bamboo and some pot for burning incense on the
two sides, flags around the square to protect the
center, the main place for sacrifice. Next to the
center, tower-like pots are around one vessel for
burning incense. Chu Culture, (the ancient
culture of Hubei province ) as well as the music
was the main character of typical sacrifice in
South China.
30
The other interesting place in Shennong
Altar is an Innate Bridge refering to a
dragonhead like stone under which, there is an
innate cave, as high as 17metres high, as deep as
10 metres, as wide as four metres in the upside,
and five meters in the downside. When Huang Yan
river floods through the cave, the innate stone
can run over the river like the bridge. Groups of
monkeys live around the innate bridge, and giant
Salamander and other precious fish swim freely in
the river. In the deep of the cave, even remain
the signs of primitive people. This adds
undoubtedly mystery to Shennong Altar.
31
Notes 1. maidenhair tree??? 2. musk deer, and
Eupteleaceae. ?,????
New Words condense v. ??
sacrifice n. ??demure a. ??
notable a. ???embossment n.
??
32
Exercises I. Answering the questions 1. Where
is Shennong Altar? 2. How could Shennong Altar
get its name? 3. What is the scenery core of
Shennong Altar? 4. What is the statue of Shennong
Altar like? 5. What are the achievements created
by Shennong? Set some examples?
Key
Key
33
II. Decide the statement true or false 1. The
facial features of the head of the statue are
blur but mysterious. ( ) 2. The watching
tower is the best place to watch the statue. (
) 3. When the day comes to pray happiness in
sacrifice, there are only on the altar the
ancient vessels with lighted candles. ( ) 4.
Nobody in the world now takes the ox-horn as
decoration on head. ( ) 5. Innate stone is
over a cave through which runs Huang Yan river.
( )
Key
34
Translation
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?????????????, ??????????????--????,??????
???????????????? ???????????????,
???????????????????????????,????????????????????,?
?????

35
????????,?????????????????????????,??????,???25???
?????,???????????????,??????????,???????????????
?????????????,????????,????????????
36
??????????,?????????????????,??????????3000
??????,???????????,??????????????????????????????
???????????????????? ??????,??????????,???
?????????????????????,?????,?????????,???????????
????????????,??????,?????????????
37
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?,??17?,?10?,????4?,???5?,??????,????????????,????
??,?????? ?????????????,?????????---??(???)??
?????????????????????????????????????????
back
38
Passage 3
Savages

39
One can not think of Shennongjia without
the primitive forests, nor the forest without
savages. People are not sure whether they still
live. The secret of their existence is really a
great suspense for many years. Records did
take some information about them. There are
dangers are in Fang County, because of steep
mountains, deep forests, and caves as big as
houses and savages with great fur and hair. When
they came out, they might have human beings,
chicks and dogs as their food.
40
People who wanted to protect themselves would be
fought back. Powers and guns could not be used
against the attack from savages for such kinds of
weapons can not hurt them, said the Fang Village
History. At one oclock, May 14th, 1976,
when five officers passed by Chunshuya, a village
in Shennongjia, in the jeep the driver suddenly
saw a strange animal coming towards. The five
officers got off the jeep, and watched it from
one or two meters away. It had a long and brown
face, an extruding mouth, human-like ears and
eyes,
41
long hair on the forehead, brown fur on the body
and no tails at all. The tall and fat animal
moved slowly but walked uprightly. The next day,
six witnesses reported it to the bureau, which
attached great importance to the finding, and set
a commission to explore the secret about savages.
Even lots of brave man tried to recover the
secret veil, but all in vain. Until the year
of 2005, some people have respectively witnessed
the savages in February, April and June.
42
According to the records, some experts thought
savages may be one group of anthropoid apes.
Anthropoid apes can be classified into
chimpanzees, gorillas, gibbons, and orangutans.
It is possible for one group of anthropoid apes
to live among deep mountains in the forests where
there still exist lots of primitive plants, like
Emmenopherys Henry, although its evolution is
unsetting and uncertain. As we know that the
golden monkeys can go through with apes, could
one group of them have a chance to weather the
crisis under the special circumstance to keep
company with their old friends?
43
However, rather than the creature itself, only
the records could not prove its existence
scientifically but its mystery. Can the
scientists prove it? Lets hang on for the ride.
In a word, since there are too many
mysteries in the primitive forests the mountains,
the culture, and the savage, a trip to
Shennongjia can be full of various focuses
sightseeing for holidays, adventures, and
scientific researches.
44
Notes 1. Anthropoid apes can be classified
into chimpanzees, gorillas, gibbons, and
orangutans.????????????????,??? 2. go through
think and thin???? 3. weather the
crisis???? 4. Lets hang on the ride
??????? New Words anthropoid apes n. ???
extruding a. ????
45
Exercises
I. Answer the questions 1. Are there any
records about savages in Shennongjia? Could you
set some examples about the reference? 2. What
did the savages have as their food according to
the records? 3. What was the savage like
according to what the officers recorded in 1976?
4. What are the savages according to the
analysis of scientists? 5. Are the scientists
very sure of their hypothesis?
Key
46
II. Decide the statements true or false 1.
People who wanted to protect themselves would not
be fought back from the savages according to the
Fang Village History. ( ) 2. The officers in
1976 watched the savages from100 meters away. (
) 3. A trip to Shennongjia can be full of
various focuses sightseeing for holidays,
adventures, and scientific researches. ( ) 4.
Rather than the living himself, only the records
could not prove its existence scientifically but
its mystery. ( ) 5. No one has found the signs
of savages since 1976. ( )
Key
47
Translation
?????
?????,???????????????,??
????????,?????????????????????????
?????????????????????????,????,
???,???,????,?????,?, ??????,?????????
48
1976?5?14????,?????????????????????,??????
??????????????,????????,????????????,??????,??,??
??,????,????,??,????,????,????????????????????????
???,???????????,??????????,???????????????,??????
??2005?,??????????
49
????????????,???????????????????????????,?
???????????,????????????,???????????,???????????,?
????????????,???????????????????????????????????,?
???,???????????????,?????????????????
??????????????! ????????,??,???????,??????
??????,??????,??,?????????
back
50
Key ( Unit 15)
I. 1. Near the east entrance to Wu Gorges,
between three Gorges and Daba Mountains, a stream
winds its way across remote high mountains and
deep valleys where Shennongjia lies. 2.It is
said that Shennong, (magic farmer in Chinese),
Yan Emperor, who supposedly lived from 2700 to
2600 BC used to experiment with herbs for
medicinal purposes. He climbed up the high and
steep cliff with Jiazi, the ladder in Chinese.
The place was given the name, Shennongjia.
Passage 1
back
51
3.Shennongjia provides a paradise for a
diversity of plants and animal species. Henry
Emmenopherys in Chinese have been extinct in
anywhere else except China. Shennongjia is one of
the places for it to live in. 4. Yes 5.
3104.5 meters. II. 1F 2F 3T 4F 5T
back
back
52
I. 1. Four hours from Yi Chang to Xin Shan by
bus ,there lies Shennong Jitan ,built by local
people in memory of Shennong ,the Yan Emperor.
2. Shennong Jitan is built by local people in
memory of Shennong ,the Yan Emperor. 3. The
scenery core of Shennong Jitan is composed of the
Entrance to Da Ya, (one village in Shennongjia)
,the Fete square, and the grand statue of Yan
Emperor.
Passage 2
back
53
4. The magnificent and demure statue of
Shennong is the main character and visual center
of all the orders in sacrifice, with the earth as
its body, and on which stand double ox horns.
The facial features of the head of the statue are
blur but mysterious. 5. He united peoples,
planted corns and grains, experimented herbs for
medicinal purposes, ploughed terrain with ox, had
the market at noon, and did irritation,
forestation and some tools in personal. II. 1.T
2.T 3.F 4.F 5.T
back
back
54
Passage 3
I. 1. Yes . Records did take some information
about them. 2 . They might have human beings,
chicks and dogs as their food. 3 . It had a
long and brown face, an extruding mouth,
human-like ears and eyes, long hair on the
forehead, brown fur on the body and no tails at
all. The tall and fat animal moved slowly but
walked uprightly. 4. According to the
records, some experts thought savages may be one
group of anthropoid apes. 5. No. Lets hang
on for the ride. II. 1.T 2. F 3. T 4.F 5. F
back
back
55
Thank You
56
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57
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58
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59
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60
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61
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62
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63
???? ????
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64
? ? ? ?
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65
? ? ? ? ? ? ?
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66
??????
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67
?????
? ?
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68
? ? ?
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69
?????
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70
?????--??
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71
????
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72
? ? ? ? ?
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73
a tiger
giant salamander
Golden Monkeys
a bear
back
74
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75

the main peak
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