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The Neolithic Age

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The Neolithic Age Section 2 (Continued) * Brazil & Peru: Papa Noel Finland: Joulupukki Believe Santa lives at Korvatunturi in Finland Christmas Land in North ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Neolithic Age


1
The Neolithic Age
  • Section 2
  • (Continued)

2
Civilization
Government
Classes
Culture
Specialization of Labor
Food Surplus
3
Population growth leads to the development of
civilization.
  • 8000 B.C. 5 million people
  • 4000 B.C. 90 million people

4
What is the most important factor leading to an
increase in population?
5
Food Surplus
  • People remained in one place, building permanent
    shelters
  • People produced more food than they needed for
    their families SURPLUS

6
Early Villages
  • Earliest villages were located in SW Asia
  • Dating to about 8000 B.C.
  • Jericho, Abu Hureyra, Catal Huyuk

7
Jericho
  • 8000 B.C.
  • West Bank between Israel and Jordan

8
(No Transcript)
9
(No Transcript)
10
This is Jericho from the Bible
11
Jericho Today
12
Abu Hureyra
  • 7500 B.C.
  • Syria

13
(No Transcript)
14
Catal Huyuk
  • 6500 5700 B.C.
  • Turkey

15
(No Transcript)
16
Catal Huyuk Today
17
Drawing of Catal Huyuk
18
(No Transcript)
19
(No Transcript)
20
(No Transcript)
21
(No Transcript)
22
Specialization of Labor
  • Development of occupations
  • Fewer people to produce food and do other jobs
  • Trade developed
  • Pottery carrying and storing food
  • Cloth weaving
  • Metal working jewelry weapons

23
Government
  • Land ownership set boundaries and protected
    their land
  • Leader (chief) settled disputes

24
Social Classes
  • A difference between groups of a culture
  • Based on education, income, or family
  • Earliest classes developed in ancient
    Mesopotamian cultures
  • Today class varies from nation to nation

25
Other Signs of Culture
  • Religion
  • Language
  • Clothing
  • Celebrations
  • Festivals
  • Many More

26
India
  • Marriage is considered a marriage of two families
    not just two people
  • The bride traditionally wears red (white
    signifies death in our culture)
  • groom wears a traditional cream colored long coat
    called an etchkin with a red turban

27
Turkey
  • Some follow
    Western dress
  • Muslim men
    may marry

    Christian or
    Jewish women
  • Muslim women
    must marry Muslim men
    or those who convert to Islam

28
Muslim Bride
29
Saudi Arabia
30
China
31
Korea
32
Nepal
33
Belgium St. Nicholas Pere Noel
34
Brazil Peru Papa Noel
35
Finland Joulupukki
  • Believe Santa lives at Korvatunturi in Finland
  • Christmas Land in North Finland

36
France Père Noël
37
Germany Father Christmas
38
Hungary Winter-Grandfather
39
Russia Father Frost
40
China Shengdan Laoren
41
England Father Christmas
42
Greece St. Nicholas
43
Costa Rica, Colombia, and parts of Mexico, the
gift bearer is el Niño Jesus, "the infant Jesus.
44
Netherlands Sinter Klaas
  • He rides a white horse, leaving gifts in wooden
    shoes

45
Sweden Jultomten
46
Japan Santa Clause
  • Children often call him "Santa no ojisan," which
    means "Uncle Santa."

47
Black Peter Spain, Morocco, Holland, Netherlands
48
Italy Babbo Natale (which means Father Christmas)
49
  • Food surplus
  • Cities
  • Government
  • Religion
  • Social classes
  • Specialization
  • Writing
  • Trade/economics
  • Public works
  • Art and architecture
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