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REMEMBER PEARL HARBOR!

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REMEMBER PEARL HARBOR! A DATE WHICH SHALL LIVE IN INFAMY 12/7/41 OBJ: To understand how America rallied for war by looking at government direction of the economy. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: REMEMBER PEARL HARBOR!


1
REMEMBERPEARL HARBOR! A DATE WHICHSHALL LIVE
IN INFAMY12/7/41
  • OBJ To understand how America rallied for war by
    looking at government direction of the economy.

2
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3
A CALL TO ARMS AMERICA READIES FOR WAR
  • JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF TO DIRECT MILITARY ENGINE
  • OFFICE OF STATEGIC SERVICE (OSS) CREATED DUE TO
    CHANGING NATURE OF WARFARE
  • WAR PRODUCTION BOARD WAR MANPOWER COMMISSION,
    NATIONAL WORKERS LABOR BOARD OFFICE OF PRICE
    ADMINISTRATION
  • TO AMERICAN PRODUCTION WITHOUT WHICH WAR WOULD
    HAVE BEEN LOST J. STALIN TOAST TO U.S.
    MANUFACTURING
  • MIRACLE OF WAR PRODUCTION WAS SYNTHETIC RUBBER
  • WIZARD WAR SCIENTIFIC TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCES
    1ST COMPUTERS, MASH UNITS, BLOOD PLASMA, INSTANT
    FOOD, RADAR/SONAR, ANTIBIOTICS, VACCINES ETC.
  • MANHATTAN PROJECT LATE 1941 FROM CAMBRIDGE TO
    ALAMOGORDO

4
ECONOMIC GROWTH OUT OF THE DEPRESSION
  • LATE 1942 WARTIME PRODUCTION 1/3 OF ECONOMY
    OUTPUT OF GERMANY, ITALY JAPAN COMBINED
  • BUSINESS COOPERATION IN RETURN GOT TAX WRITE
    OFFS, SUSPENSION OF ANTI-TRUST PROSECUTIONS, 2/3
    GOVT SPENDING TO 100 LARGEST COS
  • COSTS TO GROWTH INCREASED BUDGET, SPEND 10X WHAT
    WE DID DURING WWI
  • DEFENSE SPENDING 9-46 OF GNP
  • ALLIANCE BETWEEN GOVERNMENT DEFENSE (MILITARY
    INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX)
  • SIGNIFICANT SHIFT IN DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME
  • CURBED INFLATION, RATIONS IN PLACE, VICTORY
    GARDENS USE IT UP WEAR IT OUT, MAKE IT DO OR DO
    WITHOUT, WAR BONDS TAXES INCREASED REVENUE,
    1943 PAYROLL TAX DEDUCTIONS

5
PROPAGANDA PUBLIC OPINION
  • OFFICE OF CENSORSHIP CREATED
  • OFFICE OF WAR INFORMATION
  • SHAPE PUBLIC OPINION WITHHOLD DIVULGE INFO.
    WHEN NECESSARY
  • HOLLYWOODS HELP
  • MAINTAIN UNITY SUPPORT
  • MAIL SUBJECT TO REVIEW
  • WHEN COMPLACENCY DESCENDED ON AMERICAN PUBLIC
    BRUTAL IMAGES OF WAR, DEATH TOLLS, TACTICS OF
    ENEMY RELEASED TO FAN FLAMES OF PATRIOTISM
  • DEVELOP HATRED FOR THE ENEMY

6
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7
EUROPEAN THEATER 1942-44
  • GERMANY DOMINATES EUROPE
  • DESPITE NON-AGGRESSION INVADE RUSSIA IN
    OPERATION BARBAROSSA
  • STALINGRAD 8/42-1/43 STALIN DEMANDS ALLIES OPEN
    2ND FRONT SINGLEHANDED VICTORY ON THE MOVE
  • 2ND FRONT ONLY WHEN ALLIES AGREE (GB US) NOT
    WHEN UNCLE JOE ASKS SOWING THE SEEDS OF COLD
    WAR
  • HITLER IS THE THREAT EUROPE 1ST AGREED UPON BY
    ALLIES AT CASABLANCA JANUARY 1943 CHURCHILL FDR
  • NORTH AFRICA OPERATION TORCH 11/42-SUMMER
    1943 KEEP SUEZ UNDER ALLIED CONTROL ROMMEL,
    MONTGOMERY IKE GERMANS OUT BY MAY 1943
  • COLOGNE 42, HAMBURG 43, DRESDEN 45 USAF OWN
    BRANCH, USE OF INCENDIARY BOMBS, DEVASTATED
    CITIES
  • CAIRO 11/43 GB, US, CHINA
  • TEHRAN 12/43 STALIN, FDR CHURCHILL SET DATE
    FOR D-DAY

8
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9
THE SOFT UNDERBELLY CONTROL OF EUROPE 1943-1945
  • NOT A QUICK VICTORY 8 MONTHS TO GO 150 MILES
  • BATTLE FOR THE ATLANTIC SOPHISTICATED RADAR
    SONAR AID ALLIES
  • RUSSIANS STILL FENDING OFF GERMANS ON THEIR OWN
    LARGEST TANK BATTLE NEAR KURSK SOVIETS CONTINUE
    TO PUSH WEST THROUGH UKRAINE, POLAND ON TO
    GERMANY
  • ALLIES AGREE ON JUNE 4, 1944 AS DATE TO OPEN 2ND
    FRONT A BIT LATE IN STALINS EYES
  • D- DAY 200K ALLIED TROOPS ON SHORES OF NORMANDY
  • BATTLE OF THE BULGE (ARDENNES FOREST) DECEMBER
    44 JANUARY 45 GERMANS ULTIMATELY DEPLETED

10
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11
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12
PACIFIC THEATER
  • NIMITZ MacARTHUR 2 PRONGED APPROACH
    PREPARING FOR FINAL ASSAULT ON HONSHU
  • CORAL SEA MAY 42 1ST BATTLE FOUGHT BY AIRCRAFT,
    SAVE AUSTRALIA
  • MIDWAY JUNE 42 1ST DEFEAT OF MODERN JAPANESE
    NAVY NOW ON DEFENSIVE
  • GUADALCANAL AUGUST 42 USE OF DDT, 5 SULLIVANS
    ON USS JUNEAU
  • GODDAM IT, YOULL NEVER GET THE PURPLE HEART
    HIDING IN A FOXHOLE, FOLLOW ME Cpt. H. Crowe

13
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14
FIGHTING THE WAR AT HOME NO ORDINARY TIME
  • GIS WAR WAR WITHOUT MERCY
  • AMERICAN SOCIETY CHANGED FOREVER
  • WOMEN AT HOME ROSIE THE RIVETER
  • WORKFORCE 75 MARRIED
  • 33 W/ KIDS UNDER 13
  • .65 ON THE DOLLAR
  • GENDER DISCRIMINATION
  • EFFECTS ON CHILDREN
  • WOMEN ABROAD 400,000 JOINED FORCES
  • MANY VOLUNTEERED 3Mill at Red Cross Alone
  • WAVES, WACS, WASPS

15
65,000 TRAINED IN DES MOINES
  • 1ST GRADUATING CLASS WAVES 80,000 TOTAL
  • AFRIAN AMERICAN - WACS

16
I USED TO SING GOSPEL, SINCE I JOINED THE ARMY
NOW ALL I DO IS SING THE BLUES B.B. KING
  • ARMED SERVICES SEGREGATED
  • DE FACTO JIM CROW ON BASE
  • NON-COMBATANTS INITIALLY
  • 1 MILLION SERVED
  • A.P. RANDOLPH DOUBLE V CAMPAIGN
  • CORE 1942 DESEGREGATE PUBLIC FACILITIES IN THE
    NORTH
  • THUNDERING MARCH FEDERAL EMPLOY-MENT
    PRACTICES COMMISSION (FEPC)
  • RACE RIOTS 1943 LA, MOBILE, BEAUMONT, DETROIT,
    HARLEM NO FIRESIDE CHATS ON RACE
  • SMITH V ALLRIGHT 1944 ELIMINATE ALL WHITE
    PRIMARY TECHNICAL VICTORY AS TEXAS SKIRTS THE
    LAW
  • FDR SILENT ON LYNCHINGS NEEDS WHITE, SOUTHERN,
    DEMOCRATS TO VOTE FOR HIM

17
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18
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19
RAMPANT RACISM ELSEWHERE
  • NATIVE AMERICANS IRA HAYES BATTLE OF IWO JIMA
  • NAVAJO CODE TALKERS
  • 350,000 MEXICAN AMERICANS SERVED
  • PROMISES MADE PROMISES BROKEN
  • BRACEROS PROGRAM
  • OTHER MEXICAN AMERICANS MOVE OUT OF AGRICULTURE
    INTO INDUSTRY
  • ZOOT SUIT RIOTS 1943
  • HOMOSEXUALS LEGALLY BANNED FROM SERVICE BUT MANY
    SERVE
  • VETERANS BENEVOLENT ASSOCIATION
  • JAPANESE INTERNMENT E.O. 9066 2/19/42
  • CULMINATION OF 40 YEARS OF XENO-PHOBIA, 2 BILL
    IN LOSSES
  • HIRABAYASHI V US 43 KOREMATSU V US 44
  • UPHOLD 9066 CURFEW, EXCLUSION INTERN.
  • 1988 R. REAGAN PERSONAL JUSTICE DENIED
  • 1998 W.J. CLINTON GAVE KOREMATSU MEDAL OF FREEDOM

20
JAPANESE AMERICANS IN WWII
  • 1943 PROHIBITION LIFTED SO JAPANESE AMERICANS
    COULD ENLIST
  • 20,000 FOUGHT FOR US
  • 100TH INFANTRY BATTALION PURPLE HEART BATTALION
  • OVER 6,000 SERVED IN MILITARY INTELLIGENCE
  • 300 INTERNEES REFUSED TO BE DRAFTED UNTIL
    CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS AS CITIZENS WERE RESTORED
  • CONVICTED OF DRAFT EVASION
  • SERVED 2 TO 3 YEARS IN FEDERAL PRISON
  • PARDONED 1947 BY HARRY S. TRUMAN
  • ARMED FORCES DESEGREGATED BY TRUMAN

21
TRIUMPH TRAGEDY HOW DOES DIPLOMACY MILITARY
MIGHT HELP END WWII
22
THE LAST MEETING OF THE BIG 3
  • FDR SICK
  • THE NEW MISSOURI COMP-ROMISE WALLACE OUT
  • DEWEY THE DEMOCRAT
  • NARROWEST POPULAR VOTE MARGIN SINCE 1916
  • US NEEDS RUSSIANS
  • YALTA 45 DEMANDS
  • KOREA MANCHURIA
  • SPHERE OF INFLUENCE IN EE FREE ELECTIONS
  • DIVISION OF GERMANY
  • DATE FOR INTER-NATIONAL CONF-ERENCE IN S.F.
    4/45
  • WILL JOIN AGAINST JAPAN

23
VICTORY OVER EUROPE MAY 7, 1945
  • GB US MEET RUSSIANS AT ELBE
  • FDR DIES IN WARM SPRINGS
  • HARRY S. TRUMAN TAKES OATH
  • CRAM SESSION ON MANHATTAN PROJECT
  • BIG SHOES TO FILL, LACKS SELF-CONFIDENCE,
    PRESSURE TO GET THE JOB DONE
  • APRIL 30 HITLER COMMITS SUICIDE SURRENDER 1
    WEEK LATER
  • TOOK TOUGH STANCE ON FREE ELECTIONS WHICH
    HARDENED STALIN NO FOLLOW THROUGH ON YALTA

24
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25
POTSDAM JULY 1945
  • I WILL DO SUCH THINGS, WHAT THEY ARE, YET I KNOW
    NOT BUT THEY SHALL BE THE TERRORS OF THE EARTH
    KING LEAR
  • DIVISION OF GERMANY 3 PARTS GB US GIVE
    FRANCE PART OF THEIR SECTION
  • REPARATIONS
  • TRIALS
  • UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER OF JAPANESE OR PROMPT
    UTTER DESTRUCTION
  • WARNING TO STALIN

26
FOR MOST OF IT (WHAT I SAW HEARD) I HAVE NO
WORDS E. R. MURROW
27
A HELL OF UNSPEAKABLE TORMENTS
  • IWO JIMA THE MEAT GRINDER
  • BOMBING TOKYO 16 SQ. MILES
  • OKINAWA 6/45 35 CASUALTY RATE
  • A-BOMB TESTED JULY 1945
  • COME NOT BETWEEN THE DRAGON HIS WRATH KING
    LEAR
  • HIROSHIMA NAGASAKI AUGUST 45
  • UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER
  • TO DROP OR NOT TO DROP?

28
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