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Berachah Bible Institute Hebrew Grammar I

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Berachah Bible Institute Hebrew Grammar I Chapter 4: Hebrew Nouns BBI Hebrew Grammar I BBI Hebrew Grammar I BBI Hebrew Grammar I BBI Hebrew Grammar I BBI Hebrew ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Berachah Bible Institute Hebrew Grammar I


1
Berachah Bible Institute Hebrew Grammar I
Chapter 4 Hebrew Nouns
2
BBI Hebrew Grammar I
Hebrew Nouns
Section 4.1 - Introduction
English Nouns
Do nouns in English have gender?
  • Referential Gender ?
  • Boy
  • Girl
  • Grammatical Gender ?
  • The little boy ran
  • The little girl ran

3
BBI Hebrew Grammar I
Hebrew Nouns
Section 4.1 - Introduction
Spanish Nouns
Do nouns in Spanish have gender?
  • Referential Gender ?
  • Niño
  • Niña
  • Grammatical Gender ?
  • El niño pequeno corrio
  • La niña pequena corrio

Wet/Fresh Paint
4
BBI Hebrew Grammar I
Hebrew Nouns
Section 4.1 - Introduction
Greek Nouns
Greek nouns have referential and grammatical
gender in three categories
  • Masculine (e.g., anqrwpoj man)
  • Feminine (e.g., gunh, woman)
  • Neuter (e.g., pneu,ma spirit)

5
BBI Hebrew Grammar I
Hebrew Nouns
Section 4.1 - Introduction
Hebrew Nouns
Hebrew nouns have referential and grammatical
gender in two categories
  • Masculine (e.g., l,m, king)
  • Feminine (e.g., hK'l.M queen)

Compare
rm,aYOw l,M,ªh !Yåw - 2 Sam
1418
rmêaTow hK'l.Mh rTEÜs.a, !Tw - Esther
73
6
BBI Hebrew Grammar I
Hebrew Nouns
Section 4.2-5 Endings on Nouns
  • Memorize Table 4.4
  • Know at least 3 of 5 feminine singular endings
  • Know at least first feminine dual ending
  • Be able to recognize endings as in 4.5
  • Note Dual is same for M/F. Must check gender in
    lexicon (but cf. paired body parts)

7
BBI Hebrew Grammar I
Hebrew Nouns
Section 4.4 Endings on Nouns
Note second paragraph on page 29
There is no reason why inanimate nouns are in a
particular grammatical gender. Contrast rh
hill and h'b.gI hill. Some inanimate nouns
show two genders (e.g., r,Dñ, way, !wOra
chest). The same meaning may be associated with
two non-animate nouns that differ only in gender
(e.g., q'n" and hm'q'ngt, dominion, vengeance).
Waltke and OConnor, IBHS, 6.3.2.c
8
BBI Hebrew Grammar I
Hebrew Nouns
Section 4.7 Exceptions
Our Favorite Part About Hebrew
Exceptions!
  • Some feminine nouns have no distinctive ending
    (wont be on quiz)
  • Some gender switching in plurals
  • Some nouns inexplicably dual
  • Some stem changes when making plural (but note
    yvin"a from vwOna/)
  • Defective spelling (troAt WrÜb.'-yKi(, Isa
    245)

9
BBI Hebrew Grammar I
Hebrew Nouns
Section 4.8 Patterns of Pluralization
Good Ship Hebrew
10
BBI Hebrew Grammar I
Hebrew Nouns
Section 4.9 - Summary
  • KNOW 1-3
  • Know 4 and 6
  • know 5

11
BBI Hebrew Grammar I
Syllabification and Pronunciation
Section 4.10 - Vocabulary
  • yn"doa Adonai Note Plural like yhila/
  • vyai Ish-Bosheth man of shame (son of Saul)
  • hV'ai She shall be called woman because she
    was taken out of man (Gen 223)
  • tB Bat Mitzvah (note, though, Bar-Mitzvah)
  • ywOG Goyim (in English pejorative, in
    Hebrew, proper)
  • r,Dñ, Like the program ?
  • rh the place which in Hebrew is called
    Har-Magedon (Rev 1616, NAU)
    the place that in Hebrew is called Armageddon
    (Rev 1616, ESV)

12
BBI Hebrew Grammar I
Syllabification and Pronunciation
Section 4.10 Vocabulary (continued)
  • aybingt TNK (Torah, N'vi-im, K'tuvim)
  • !yIñ En-gedi, witch of En-Dor, John 323
    (Aenon)
  • ab'c' Dost ask who that may be? Christ Jesus,
    it is he
  • varo Rosh Hashanah (head of the year)
  • hr'wOT TNK (Torah, N'vi-im, K'tuvim)

13
BBI Hebrew Grammar I
Reminder
  • Vocabulary and Grammar Quiz this week
  • Dont forget to be doing journal (turn in _at_ end)
  • After chapter 3, you know 11 of all OT words
  • After chapter 4, you will know 16 of all OT
    words
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