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Introduction To Debate and Building an Effective Argument

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Title: Introduction To Debate Author: Garrett Abelkop Last modified by: Jenny Created Date: 8/1/2010 5:50:47 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Introduction To Debate and Building an Effective Argument


1
Introduction To Debate and Building an Effective
Argument
2
Argument (argumentation)
  • To take a side from a proposition-give the
    audience FACTS.
  • Intends to provide insight offers a verifiable
    perspective for the audience
  • Supports reasoning with valid evidence.
  • Considers opposing viewpoints.
  • Provides rationale to clarify/explain relevance
    and validity of evidence.

3
Persuade
  • To try to convince someone-try to change their
    OPINION.
  • Based on the writers opinion
  • Attempts to influence the perspective of the
    audience by appealing to their emotions, sense of
    right and wrong or to sense of identity.
  • Selects facts and emotion to support opinion.

4
Are we persuading?
  • WE ARE NOT WRITING TO PERSUADE!!!
  • We will be speaking and riting to build effective
    arguments.

5
What Is Debate?
  • Debate is a formal academic competition in which
    students argue both sides of a given topic.
  • The foundation of debate is speaking. Students
    deliver speeches based on logic and research,
    attempting to persuade a judge to endorse their
    argument.

6
Terminology for Debate and Argumentative Writing
  • Write these down on your hand-out.

7
Debate
  • To argue both sides of a topic

8
Fact
  • Something proven to be true.

9
Opinion
  • A feeling or belief.

10
Quote
  • To write exactly what someone said or wrote.

11
Resolve
  • Make a firm decision to do something.

12
Proposition
  • A subject to be debated.

13
Evidence
  • Facts and examples to prove something.
  • For on demand writing, quotes from the
    passage/article.
  • Give credit to author when youre writing with
    direct quotes ORparaphrasing.

14
Claim/Contention/Thesis
  • Claim One side of an argument derived from a
    proposition.
  • Contention A strong statement to support one
    side of an argument.

15
Affirmative side
  • Side that supports the proposition

16
Negative side
  • Side that opposes the proposition.

17
Affirmative vs. Negative
  • The job of the Affirmative (Aff) is to prove that
    the topic (resolution) is a good idea.
  • The job of the Negative (Neg) is to prove that
    the topic (resolution) is a bad idea.
  • A judge will evaluate the debate and vote for
    whichever team does a better job proving their
    point.
  • Being an eloquent speaker helps, but debate has
    much more to do with winning substantive
    arguments than with oratory.
  • Debaters use a combination of research, logic,
    and strategy in order to persuade judges that
    they have won.

18
Affirmative vs. Negative
  • The core of debate is refutation. Debaters both
    make their own arguments and are respsonsible for
    responding to arguments made by the other team.
    That is what distinguishes debate from other
    speaking contests.
  • In order to adequately respond to the arguments
    made by the opposing team, debaters need to prove
    that their own arguments are better reasoned,
    better evidenced, have historical or empirical
    support, or have greater significance.

19
Oppose
  • To be against something.

20
Counterclaim /Counterargument
  • An opposing argument or response to your
    claim/argument of the proposition.

21
Rebuttal
  • A response to a counterargument or counterclaim

22
Concede
  • To surrender or admit that someone else is right
    or correct in their argument.
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